Stats education

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Education statistics 2012

Text of Stats education

Vision.an educated and enlightened society of gyalyong gakid pelzom at peace with itself, at peace with the world, built and sustained by the idealism and the creative enterprise of our citizens.

Mission of the Ministry of Education1. To formulate sound policies governing all levels of learning to guide the educational destiny of the nation as it aspires to become a knowledge society worthy of our vision and our heritage, both as a means as well as an end; 2. To build a broadly liberal, culturally sensitive, forward-looking, standard based education system that combines the best of received wisdom of successive generations and the results of innovation and enterprise in the diverse fields of human endeavour; 3. To create the necessary learning space and opportunities to engage the genius and potentials of all the children and youth of the country in keeping with provisions of the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan, and to realize our pledge of green schools for green Bhutan; 4. To prepare our young men and women with the right values and skills, usefulness and gracefulness, to meet the ever-growing needs of a developing country against the backdrop of a fast globalizing world; 5. To build a cadre of highly motivated and competent educators who are endowed with an abiding love of children, a deep love of learning, and who passionately value education as a positive instrument of empowerment; 6. To promote a system of continuous and life-long learning though formal, non-formal as well as informal modes to enable our citizens to participate meaningfully and constructively in the life of the society; 7. To enable the participation of private individuals and institutions -both from within Bhutan and beyond- to build model seats of learning and to inspire excellence

ANNUAL EDUCATION STATISTICS, 2012

Published by: Policy and Planning Division Ministry of Education Royal Government of Bhutan Telephone: Fax: +975-2-334307 +975-2-325183

Email: dechenzam@education.gov.bt sangaychoden@education.gov.bt Website: www.education.gov.bt

Copyright 2012 Policy and Planning Division, Ministry of Education All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior permission from the Policy and Planning Division, Ministry of Education.

First Edition Twenty fourth Edition

: :

1988 2012

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to take this opportunity to thank Honble Secretary and the Management Committee of the MoE for their valuable inputs in improving the Annual Education Statistics report. The Policy and Planning Division, MoE is greatly indebted to the National Statistics Bureau, MoLHR, MoF, RUB, MoA, Dratshang Lhentshog, WFP and also the Departments and Divisions within the Ministry, for their support in bringing out this report. This support has enabled the publication of increasingly more relevant, accurate and timely information on education in Bhutan. We would like to thank all the Principals and teachers of the schools, who were the main contributors providing the required school data, and the Dzongkhag Education Officers, who helped to ensure that the data provided were accurate and timely. Lastly we would like to congratulate and thank our ICT team for enabling the automation of education statistics through the Education Management Information System which has become fully functional. We hope that the institution of the EMIS and new system of reporting information will make it easier and more convenient for all stakeholders and especially the schools who are ultimately responsible for ensuring that accurate and timely data is reported. We also solicit our readers valuable comments and suggestions to help improve our AES in the future.

Policy and Planning Division Ministry of Education Thimphu, Bhutan

Annual Education Statistics

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TABLE OF CONTENTSACKNOWLEDGEMENT ............................................................................................... III TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................................. IV-VI LIST OF FIGurES ......................................................................................................... VII LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................... VIII-IX ACrONYMS, ABBrEVIATIONS AND GLOSSArY ......................................................X-XII SuMMArY OF EDuCATION STATISTICS 2012 ..........................................................1 Figure 1a: Summary of schools, institutes and centres..........................................1 Figure 1b: Summary of students, learners, trainees and novitiates.......................2 Figure 1c: Summary of teachers, lecturers, instructors, trainers & caregivers.......3 AT A GLANCE ........................................................................................................ 4-5 Table I: Education Indicators at a glance ................................................................ 6 Table II: EFA Indicators ........................................................................................... 6-7 Table III: MDG Indicators ....................................................................................... 7 Table IV: OTHER Indicators ..................................................................................... 7-8 Figure IIIa: Number of schools and ECRs by dzongkhag and level .........................8 Figure IIIb: Number of private schools by dzongkhag and level .............................9 Figure IIIc: Number of students by dzongkhag and level .......................................9 ExECuTIVE SuMMArY........................................................................................ 10-12 1. OVErVIEW OF ThE EDuCATION SYSTEM ....................................................... 13-18 1.1. The modern education system ........................................................................ 13 1.1.1. General education structure ............................................................... 15 1.1.2. Schools in General Education .............................................................. 16 1.3 General Education Curriculum ......................................................................... 16 1.4 Education Administration ................................................................................. 18 2. PRE-PRIMARY AND PRIMARY EDUCATION .................................................... 19-30 2.1. Early Childhood Care and Development .........................................................19 2.2. Extended Classrooms ...................................................................................... 20 2.3. Pre-Primary and Primary Education ................................................................ 21 2.4. Primary Net and Gross Enrolment Ratio (GPER and NPER ..............................24 2.4.1. Net Attendance Ratio .......................................................................... 25 2.4.2. Adjusted Net primary enrolment Ratio (ANPER..................................28

3. SECONDARY EDUCATION (VII-XII..................................................................... 31-34 3.1 Lower and Middle Secondary Education (VII-X ................................................31 3.2 Higher Secondary Education (XI-XII .................................................................. 32

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Annual Education Statistics

4. TErTIArY AND VOCATIONAL EDuCATION ...................................................... 35-37 4.1 Vocational education........................................................................................ 35 4.2 Tertiary education ............................................................................................ 35 4.3 Tertiary Students Abroad ................................................................................. 36 5. NON-FORMAL, CONTINUING AND SPECIAL EDUCATION ............................. 38-39 5.1 Non Formal Education...................................................................................... 38 5.2 Continuing Education ....................................................................................... 40 6. MONASTIC EDuCATION ................................................................................. 41-42 6.1 Monastic Education.......................................................................................... 41 6.2 Sanskrit Patshala .............................................................................................. 42 7. SPECIAL EDUCATION ...................................................................................... 43-44 7.1 Special Education ............................................................................................. 43 8. GIRLS ENROLMENT ......................................................................................... 45-50 8.1 Current Situation of Girls participation in education .......................................45 8.2 Girls participation in education by Dzongkhags ...............................................47 8.3. Girls enrolment in HSS and tertiary education ...............................................49 8.4. Gender Parity Index ....................................................................................... 50 9. TEAChErS....................................................................................................... 51-55 9.1 Teacher strength .............................................................................................. 51 9.1.1 Proportion of Non-Bhutanese Teachers ...............................................52 9.2 Teacher education ............................................................................................ 52 9.2.1 Pre-service training ................