Statewide Implementation of PBIS in Secure Juvenile Care: Lessons Learned from Two States Jeffrey Sprague, University of Oregon Brenda Scheuermann, Texas.

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  • Statewide Implementation of PBIS in Secure Juvenile Care: Lessons Learned from Two StatesJeffrey Sprague, University of OregonBrenda Scheuermann, Texas State UniversityKristine Jolivette, Georgia State UniversityC. Michael Nelson, University of Kentucky

  • This session will provide a rationale and guidelines for the adoption of PBIS practices in secure juvenile justice settings, including benefits for youth and staff members. Session Objectives: Describe the promise of PBIS implementation in secure juvenile facilitiesDescribe the adaptations needed to implement facility-wide PBIS in secure juvenile facilitiesDescribe intervention fidelity assessment methodsDiscuss implications for improving the juvenile justice system


  • The Promise of PBIS for Juvenile Justice ProgramsPBIS is advocated as a promising approach for improving the Juvenile Justice SystemResearch logicLegal and legislative remedyPBIS practices are needed for adjudicated youth with (with and without) disabilities because: (a) they have the same rights to a free and appropriate public education as do their peers in traditional school systems; (b) they must be afforded the protections and services under the law that their peers with disabilities receive in general education schools; and, (c) they need access to a comprehensive curriculum that emphasizes both academic and social skill instruction and support.

  • General Education schoolsJJ Facility and Alternative Education Programs

  • TexasInitiated in response to 2009 legislative mandateRequired for secure care facilities only 10, then 6, now 5 facilities Large facilities (2010 approximately 2,700 youth)Required for Education programs onlyAs of 2013Intent to expand PBIS to all areas of facilityGeorgiaParticipating in an IES grant on the feasibility of PBIS across the tiers in all 28 detention- and long-term juvenile facilitiesOverview of Our Projects


  • Texas PBIS initiativeOngoing elementsVarying degrees of central office oversightExternal technical assistanceFidelity assessmentsOutcome reports to legislature

    Changing elements2010 2011External coaches2011 2012 Internal coaches2012 2013No coaches2013 2014PBIS coordinatorsImplementation throughout facilities

  • Central office PBIS Leadership TeamPBIS team at each facilityUniversal elements in place for all teams:Five universal expectationsRevised data forms (to capture major-minor offenses)Data management systemRequired universal elements (developed by facility teams):Rules matricesTeaching plans and proceduresRemindersAcknowledgement systemsConsequences hierarchy Review data*

    Texas: Universal-level Elements

  • TexasFETtwice a year for each facilityconducted by internal coach and external coach OR two external coachesReported results and inter-rater reliabilityDeveloped action plans for each facilityBoQonce a year for each facilityconducted by internal coach OR external coachDeveloped action plan for each facility

    Texas - Fidelity Assessment

  • Lessons Learned from TexasStatusTJJD is top-down, despite changesPBIS is still not on the front burner with leadershipFacility-wide implementation is not progressing

    StrategiesCentral office leadership trainingEducation and Youth Services superintendents become agency PBIS coordinatorsEstablish one facility as PBIS pilot site

  • Georgia JJ PBIS


  • Georgia Adaptations FW-PBIS

  • Georgia Adaptations Big Ideas

  • NOT FOR PUBLIC SHARING OUTSIDE OF PRESENTATIONKristine will add a slide on-site

  • Adapted FETQuarterlyReports each time with LOP feedbackState-wide average - 59/7420%+ increases since initial FET (1 month implementation) across all featuresAdapted TICsMonthlyImprovements in team processes and FW-PBIS aspects in placePromise within Georgia:10 months in

  • Decreases inBehavioral incidentsSeverity of incidentsnoise behaviorsImprovements inYouth actively engaged in programmingFidelity of implementation of FW-PBIS LOPStaff self-efficacyPositive verbal interactions between staff and youth/ staff and staffPromise within Georgia

  • Youth PerspectivesIt motivates me to do betterIts changed this place its more positive and staff talk to us betterI like it staff are now on the same page with what they want from usFW-PBIS is straight forward I know what I need to do to get what I want (reinforcers)No one can take what I have earned from me I earn it, I get itMuch better than level system that was so easy to game and the scary guys got everything you earnedIts teaching me how to be successful for when I leaveIts fairI like to keep one of my raffle tickets on my cot so when I am feeling down it reminds me that they care about me and I can do a good job

    Director/Staff PerspectivesBest thing this agency has done in my 30 years working hereWe are pleasantly surprised FW-PBIS has changed this place for the betterStaff are commenting on how programming/schedule disruptions are much better this year due to FW-PBISFW-PBIS is much easier than what we used to do our business as usual has changed and we like itNow I know how to interact with the youthI like my job much better this is a much more positive placeBullying and all that junk is down since starting FW-PBISYouth are now active participants in their programming as they do not receive credit just for showing up anymorePromise within Georgia

  • Across State JJ PBIS Adaptations and Promise

  • Leadership: buy-in across systems (education, treatment security, housing)Composition of PBIS leadership team: both agency and facility levelsTraining across range of staff, settings, shifts (initial and ongoing)Staff buy-in and fidelity of implementationCollection and use of dataExpectations/rule matrixes for a variety of settings (e.g., housing, treatment & vocational programs)High rates of turnover among youth, staff

    Universal-level Adaptations Needed

  • Improved climate for teaching, learning, livingLess minor behavior: white noiseGreater consistency, communication among staffBetter post-incarceration outcomes?Promise of PBIS in Secure Care Facilities

  • Juvenile penology is top-down and a closed systemPunishment mold is hard to breakChange from reactive to proactive modus operandi takes time and persistenceLeadership, Communication, Collaboration are essential

    Lessons Learned from All

  • Brenda Scheuermann

    Mike Nelson

    Kristine Jolivette

    Jeffrey Sprague

    Thank You

  • Maximizing Your Session Participation

  • Where are you in implementation process? Adapted from Fixsen & Blase, 2005

  • Leadership Team Action Planning Worksheets: Steps

    Is overall across the states??*I do not think we need this its in their program*I do not think we need this it is in their program*I do not think they need this it is in their program*


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