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Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

# Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always

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Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

EXAMPLE : 2 when 52 Evaluate xx

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

EXAMPLE : 2 when 52 Evaluate xx

1154522

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

EXAMPLE : 2 when 52 Evaluate xx

1154522

EXAMPLE : 4,2 when 3 Evaluate baba

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Recall your Algebra 1 class where you learned about absolute value. Absolute value was always positive, because it measures the distance from zero. We can evaluate absolute value equations by substituting given values into the equation.

EXAMPLE : 2 when 52 Evaluate xx

1154522

EXAMPLE : 4,2 when 3 Evaluate baba

224646423

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

You also learned how to solve absolute value equations. Remember, all absolute value equations have two POSSIBLE answers.

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

You also learned how to solve absolute value equations. Remember, all absolute value equations have two POSSIBLE answers.

1064 xEXAMPLE :

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

You also learned how to solve absolute value equations. Remember, all absolute value equations have two POSSIBLE answers.

1064 xEXAMPLE :

106410 x

STEPS :

1. Drop the Absolute value sign and set the equation equal to the negative answer on the other side.

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

You also learned how to solve absolute value equations. Remember, all absolute value equations have two POSSIBLE answers.

1064 xEXAMPLE :

41

1644

66 6

106410

x

x

x

STEPS :

1. Drop the Absolute value sign and set the equation equal to the negative answer on the other side.

2. Solve the equation for both sides

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

136 x

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

13613

136

x

x

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

719

66 6

13613

136

x

x

x

Solve like you would any equation…

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

719

66 6

13613

136

x

x

x

-19 7

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

719

66 6

13613

136

x

x

x

< symbol so open circles…

-19 7

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

719

66 6

13613

136

x

x

x

Both symbols point left, so squeeze your answer in between the points…

-19 7

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

2824 x

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

224

2824

2824

x

x

x

Notice how I simplified inside first before begin solving…

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

224

2824

2824

x

x

x

31

622

4 4 4

2242

x

x

x

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

224

2824

2824

x

x

x

31

622

4 4 4

2242

x

x

x

1 3

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

224

2824

2824

x

x

x

31

622

4 4 4

2242

x

x

x

≥ symbol so closed circles…

1 3

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation is a method for expressing a solution involving inequalities using brackets. We will graph the solution first on a number line which will help us determine the interval.

When graphing : < or > uses an open circle

≤ or ≥ uses a closed circle

Squeeze – when both inequality symbols point left. The solution is “squeezed” in between values

Gap – when both inequality symbols point right. The solution has a “gap” in its graph

Example # 2 : Solve the inequality and graph your solution.

224

2824

2824

x

x

x

31

622

4 4 4

2242

x

x

x

1 3

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation – uses open and closed intervals to describe solution sets

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation – uses open and closed intervals to describe solution sets

If you use the graphed solution set, an interval is easy…

Open circle – round brackets ( a , b ) OR ( − ∞, a ) U ( b , ∞ )

Closed circle – square brackets [ a , b ] OR ( − ∞, a ] U [ b , ∞ )

In each case, a and b are our graphed points…

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation – uses open and closed intervals to describe solution sets

If you use the graphed solution set, an interval is easy…

Open circle – round brackets ( a , b ) OR ( − ∞, a ) U ( b , ∞ )

Closed circle – square brackets [ a , b ] OR [ − ∞, a ] U [ b , ∞ ]

In each case, a and b are our graphed points…

- 4 11

Let’s say this is our graphed answer to an Absolute Value Inequality Equation

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation – uses open and closed intervals to describe solution sets

If you use the graphed solution set, an interval is easy…

Open circle – round brackets ( a , b ) OR ( − ∞, a ) U ( b , ∞ )

Closed circle – square brackets [ a , b ] OR [ − ∞, a ] U [ b , ∞ ]

In each case, a and b are our graphed points…

( - 4 11 )

Let’s say this is our graphed answer to an Absolute Value Inequality Equation

To turn this answer into an interval, squeeze your numbers between round brackets ( open circles )

( - 4 , 11 )

,

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Interval notation – uses open and closed intervals to describe solution sets

If you use the graphed solution set, an interval is easy…

Open circle – round brackets ( a , b ) OR ( − ∞, a ) U ( b , ∞ )

Closed circle – square brackets [ a , b ] OR ( − ∞, a ] U [ b , ∞ )

In each case, a and b are our graphed points…

( - ∞ , - 4 ) ( 11 , ∞ )

If this is our graphed answer to an Absolute Value Inequality Equation…

To turn this answer into an interval, use the OR template…a and b are edges and the graph extends to infinity on both sides…

** infinity will ALWAYS have rounded brackets !!!

U

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba

2 midpoint

ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

rounded brackets

square brackets

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

) 6 , 4 (

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

) 6 , 4 (

1st – Find the midpoint 12

2

2

64

2

ba

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

) 6 , 4 (

1st – Find the midpoint

2nd – How far away is the midpoint from either edge ?

12

2

2

64

2

ba

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

) 6 , 4 (

1st – Find the midpoint

2nd – How far away is the midpoint from either edge ?

12

2

2

64

2

ba

516

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE # 2 : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

4 , 1

1st – Find the midpoint2

5

2

41

2

ba

2

Special Equations - Absolute Value and Interval Notation

Some problems will give you the given interval that satisfies an absolute value inequality. The problem will ask for the equation that generated that interval.

edgean todistance midpoint

edgean todistancemidpoint

, OR ,Given

x

x

baba2

midpoint ba

Distance to an edge is the distance from either “a” or “b” to the midpoint

EXAMPLE # 2 : Express the given interval as an absolute value inequality

4 , 1

1st – Find the midpoint

2nd – How far from the midpoint is an edge ?

2

5

2

41

2

ba

2

3

2

2

3

2

54

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