Social Realism Andrew AuquierChase Pudas
What is Social Realism?Realism: a style of painting that depicts the actuality of what the eyes can seeVery popular around France in the mid to late 1800s.Completely opposite to the romanticism type of art.Truth was the goal of most realists.
What Is Social Realism?Social realism refers to the artist who draws attention to the everyday conditions of the working class; the poor.This movement began in the early 20th century.Artists would depict scenes of the average American life as they saw it right there and then.Social realism can sometimes be considered as a type of propaganda, the artists would always show the working class in a heroic manner.
Heroic Working Class This is a painting by Diego Rivera.Depicts the American working class as heroic and hard working.
Social Realism Contents Any piece of work is created in a realist style.Painted in very bold colors.Used as a form of propaganda.Idealized a working class man.Recorded what they saw as it existed.
Public ReactionSocial realists would also focus on the ugly realities of contemporary life.They would paint scenes in an unpleasant manner and in such a way that people normally wouldnt like to look at, but it was reality.People became outraged because they did not know how to look at it or what to even do with it.
Ashcan Schools The majority of social realists were influenced by the work that has come out of the Ashcan school.The school was a small group of artists that documented the everyday live in turn of the century New York.They captured the realistic moments that told what happened on the urban streets.
Ashcan SchoolsThis is a painting created by George Bellows, an artist who was apart of the Ashcan School.
Diego Rivera Born in Guanajuato, Mexico in 1886.Paints frescos, which are murals that are painted on fresh plaster. Diego focused on the workers struggle.
Diego And DetroitIn 1932 when the great depression was at its peak, Rivera arrived in Detroit.Diego painted the American Worker on the walls of the DIA. The mural was filled with plenty of deeper meanings in which the had some sort of representation of something.
George Bellows (1882-1925) Best known for his scenes of urban life, sporting events, and portraits. Attended Ohio State University (1901-1904)After Ohio State he enrolled in the New York School of Art, (Ashchan School).Youngest member in the history of the school.Established his own studio in New York.
George BellowsGeorge would create many lithographs that he would sell.Lithographs address many social issues.He would use contrasts of light and dark.Stag at Sharkey's 1909
Dempsey and Firpo
Blue Snow, The Battery
Aaron Douglas (1899-1979)Born in Topeka, Kansas in 1899.Sometimes referred to as the father of African American artAttended the university of Nebraska.
Aaron Douglas Aaron had a huge interest in the labor movement, he believed that the labor movement was one of the most important aspects of negro development.He would try to show through his paintings the importance of the African Americans in the labor movement.He would also address the struggle they had to go through caused by discrimination.
Aaron Douglas Is On Gof The Towers - 1934
Idylls of the Deep South - 1934
Aspects of Negro Life: From Slavery Through Reconstruction - 1934
Ben Shahn (1898-1969)Born in LithuaniaMoved to New York and became a lithographerAttended New York University and the National Academy of DesignStarted with a political theme and moved to social realist based art.
Ben ShahnStarted to show the hardships in AmericaWorked for the Farm Security Administration (FSA)Took photographs showing the hardships in rural areas to use for paintings
Famous work: The Passion of Sacco and VanzettiDisagreed with the choice of the court
Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975)Muralist born in MissouriBorn into a political family but chose an art lifestyleEarly in his career he focused on agrarian lifestyles but moved to post-depression art
Thomas Hart BentonStarted becoming popular in New York and ParisStudied at the Art Institute of Chicago and transferred to Academy Julian in ParisWhen Benton went to Paris he met Diego Rivera, who positively impacted his artistic style
Indiana Murals - 1933
Indiana Murals - 1933
Grant Wood (1891-1942)Born in Iowa in 1891Studied at the Art Institute of Chicago and Academie Julian in ParisKnown for his art depicting the depressed farm life of the mid-west
Grant WoodWore overalls in many occasionsLater in his career he was funded by government art projectsPeople described him as being a farmer and he made connections with people living in the conditions that he portrays
American Gothic 1930
Grant WoodSelf Portrait (1932)Farmer lookSame level as the people he portraysWanted to be viewed as a farmerDetailed farm scene in the back roundSelf Portrait (1940)No overallsMore distinguishedWanted to be viewed as an artistAgricultural aspect isnt depicted as strongly
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)Born in New JerseyMarried Maynard Dixon and had 2 childrenLange started working at a photo developing center in San FranciscoIn San Francisco, she opened a portrait studio but after the Great Depression she used photography for social change
Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)Similar to Grant wood because she worked for the farm security administrationSimilar to Ben Shahn because she took pictures of the effects of the depression on the people
Dorothea LangeMigrant Mother (1936)One of the most known works depicting the effect of the depression
Rehabilitation Clients, Boone County, Arkansas