2. EXTREME CLOSE UP (XCU)An extreme close up shot gets veryclose to the subject and showsimmense detail. It can be used toshow emotion. For example; a closeup of the eye or mouth can showfacial expression. This shot can bedescribed as intrusive and personal. 3. CLOSE UP (CU)A close up shot shows expression but in less detail then the extremeclose up. Close ups are often used to show an action. For example;someone brushing their hair. This shot can also be described aspersonal. 4. MEDIUM CLOSE UP (MCU)A medium shot is half way between a mid shot and close up whichmeans it can show facial expression as well as body language. 5. MID SHOT (MS)A mid shot is usually framed from thewaist up. They are not very affectivewhen showing facial expression butare great at capturing body language. 6. LONG SHOT (LS)A long shot allows the audienceto see the subject in terms of itssurroundings. This can show thesubjects size in proportion tothe setting. It also created aclear idea of whats happeningin the shot as a whole. 7. EXTREME LONG SHOT (ELS)In an extreme long shot, the subject is still visible but the focusis on the surroundings. It doesnt capture body language orfacial expression. 8. ESTABLISHING SHOTAn establishing shot is used toset the scene. It is usually alocation shot found at thebeginning of a sequence tointroduce the audience to thesetting. 9. TWO SHOT (2-SHOT)A two shot is of two people, framed similarly to a mid shot (waist up). 10. OVER THE SHOULDER SHOTAn over the shoulder shot is often used to show two peopleconversating. Seeing aspects of both characters makes theconversation more believable. 11. SHOT ANGLES 12. LOW ANGLE A low angle is used to show thesubject as superior, powerfuland intimidating. This angleaims to make the audiencefearful of the subject. 13. HIGH ANGLE This angle is used tomake the subject appearsmall and inferior whichcreates sympathy. 14. BIRDS EYEBirds eye is taken directly above an object and is normallyused to show a large scale location. For example; a city. 15. CANTED ANGLE A canted angle is taken when the camera is at a tilt whichcan suggest drama, intoxication and /or madness 16. EYE LEVELEye level shots are used to show extreme detail. Theymake the shot very personal and show emotion. 17. Tilt shots Tracking shotsCrane shotsThe camera Where the camera Ariel shotsThe camera ismoves up is rolled along laid Where the camera ismounted on aand down tracks in order to placed on a helicopter tocrane moves atfrom a fixed follow someone create a birds eye shot. a height aboveaxis.walking or running. Usually used to show a ground level. city/landscape.ZCamera Movement Camera movement can be used to emphasise a particular viewpointZ oom Panning ArcUsing the camera shots Using the cameralens to go from aWhere the to move aroundlong shot to a close cameraan object in aup (zooming in) or slowlycircular motionfrom a close up to moves sidea long shotto side(zooming out) in a across thesingle shot. scene from a fixed axis.