Initial Camera SettingsCameras have default settings for picture quality.The schools cameras are no exception.Camera resets to default settings whenever turned off and back on (unless this option is turned off in the menu.
Initial Camera SettingsIf you own a camera, you may want to set your camera to a certain configuration that you will use all the time. Some settings you will want or need to change from shot to shot.
Image Size and CompressionThere are many different size and compression settings.Even if shooting for the web, why not shoot at full resolution. That way you have the option to adjust the image as you see fit.Schools camera settings
Image Size and CompressionImage size is simply the dimensions of the image (in pixels) the camera will create.Compression reduces the file size, not the resolution.14 MP = 4,500 x 3,1853 MP = 2,048 x 1,536XGA (3/4 MP) = 1,024 x 768VGA (300 K) = 640 x 480
Image Size and CompressionIts always best to shoot at the lowest compression (highest quality)What will changing compression affect?
Image Size and CompressionBeing able to store more memory on a card, or having more cards can overcome the problem of larger storage needs
Compression - File FormatsCompressed formats, artifacts: Jpeg/jpg - Joint Photographic Experts GroupUncompressed formats, no artifacts: TIFF - Tagged Image File Format Raw - The preferred choice for uncompressed shooting; offers maximum quality and the most editing controlFor just starting out, stick with jpeg.
Shooting SettingsMany if not all cameras have many settings to assist in shooting.
Shooting SettingsP - Program Mode: the camera sets the aperture and shutter speed. Other functions such as flash and drive modes can be adjusted.
Shooting SettingsA - Aperture Priority: lets the user set the aperture while the camera handles the shutter speed.What does the aperture affect?
Shooting SettingsS - Shutter Priority: lets the user set the shutter speed while the camera selects the aperture.What does the shutter speed affect?
Shooting SettingsM - Manual Mode: provides complete control over all camera settings.This button serves to set the aperture when used in combination with the Control Dial, while the shutter speed is set using the Control Dial exclusively.
Shooting SettingsM - My Mode: provides 8 memory locations in which complete sets of shooting mode and setting preferences can be stored, and accessed by turning the dial to the My Mode position.
Shooting SettingsM - Portrait Shooting: uses a wide aperture to achieve a sharp subject and a blurred background.What is a wide aperture?
Shooting SettingsM - Sports Shooting: automatically selects a high shutter speed to capture fast moving action.What does the faster shutter directly affect?
Shooting SettingsM - Landscape Shooting: is to record both foreground and a distant background in focus. Blues and greens are slightly emphasized.What aperture will accomplish this?
Shooting SettingsM - Landscape + Portrait Shooting: similar to the Landscape mode, both foreground and background are maintained in focus through the use of a smaller aperture, but without the extra emphasis of blues and greens.
Shooting SettingsM - Night Scene Shooting: aids with night shots. The camera selects an appropriate shutter speed for the scene, noise reduction, and sets the white balance appropriately.
Shooting SettingsM - Movie Mode: Video clips can be recorded at 1 of 3 frame sizes: SHQ 640 x 480, HQ 320 x 240, or SQ 160 x 120. Can be captured with or without sound.
Exposure CompensationExposure Compensation: provides for 2EV in 1/3 EV or 1/2EV increments (EV = exposure value), the increment to use being selected in the Setup menu.
Exposure CompensationWhat is Exposure compensation? Deliberately changing the exposure settings recommended by a light meter in order to obtain proper exposure. You can lighten or darken the image by under or over exposing the image.
MeteringCenter-weighted: meters the entire frame with emphasis on the center.
MeteringSpot Metering: meters a much smaller area in the center of the screen, usually in the AF target area.
MeteringESP: an averaging pattern that meters the centre of the subject and the surrounding area separately.
MeteringMulti-Metering: allows memorizing the readings for up to 8 different points from which an average is then determined.
FlashFlash Mode: Auto; Red-eye Reduction; Forced On; Forced Off; Slow Synch.What is red-eye caused by?
Flash CompensationFlash Compensation: adjustable over 2EV in 1/3 EV increments (EV = exposure value), is selected when both the exposure compensation and flash modes buttons are pressed simultaneously.
Auto Exposure LockAuto Exposure Lock (AEL): locks the exposure temporarily, avoiding the need to hold and maintain the shutter release halfway down.
Auto Exposure LockAuto Exposure Lock (AEL): The AEL button also serves when using Multi-metering, memorizing each of the 8 readings that can be done.
***What settings might need to be changed from shot to shot?What settings might you want to keep constant?***Changing compression settings doesnt change the resolutionWill create artifacts at higher compression; rougher, more choppyLoss of detail at higher compressionFile size will be higher at the lower compression and take up more space on the cameras storage**Change the settings on the camera to the different formats and observe the number of shots available**Using the P setting doesnt mean your lazy or a bad photographer.For the most part, it will do a good job in any situation.*Aperture affects reciprocal shutter speedsIt also affects depth of field*Shutter speed affects aperture settingShutter speed either freezes or heightens motion - or both as in shot of cyclist***Depending on the focal length of your lens, depth of field will vary.Which will give greater depth of field, wide angle or telephoto?**Cameras color adjustment settings shift.**Some cameras may adjust ISO.*Dont use movie mode during class time! It just fills up the card and slows up the exercises.*******What is red eye caused by?*EV - forces the camera to either cut back or increase the amount of flash.*EV - forces the camera to either cut back or increase the amount of flash.*EV - forces the camera to either cut back or increase the amount of flash.