Sheep And Goat Fattening Program

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INTRODUCTION

SELECTION AND PROCUREMENT OF ANIMALS FOR FATTENING

QUARANTINE

ANIMAL PREPERATION FOR FATTENING

FEEDS AND FEEDING SYETEMS

FEEDING SCHEDULE FOR FATTENING

ANIMAL PERFORMANCE AND RECORD KEEPING

Requirement of mutton is increasing day by day Mutton Produced 782.1 Th Ton To meet the high demand fattening is done to get mutton in a short time with high marbling and increased palatability Fattening also done before certain events such as Eid-ul-Fitr and Eidul- Azha

Healthy & alert Weight of animal Condition of the Animal Local breed Age of the Animal Castration

7-10 days

Identification

Vaccination ET,PPR,FMD,Pleuropneumonia

Deworming

Dipping

Housing

Subsistence Animals are tied during the day and put into a protective shelter at night

Extensive The flock/herd grazes over large areas of marginal land Intensive

The animals are confined to yards and shelters and feed is brought to the flock

Housing

34 F Avoid over crowding Slatted floors Concrete floors Dry regions Shade is provided Drinking water for animals Proper drainage system

Timing the start of animal on feed is critical when started on feed, brought gradually from a high roughage-low concentrate to a high concentrate-low roughage ration over several weeks. Series of rations that are changed every two to three days to enable Animal to adapt to a high-concentrate ration within 15 to 20 days.

Maintenance

Body Wt. (lb.)

Dry Matter (lb./head)

Percent Body Weight

Total Protein (lb.)

TDN (lb.)

Ca (lb.)

P (lb.)

Vitamin A (IU)

Vitamin E (IU)

45 67 90 112 157

1.08 1.46 1.81 2.13 2.76

2.40 2.20 2.03 1.90 1.80

0.08 0.11 0.14 0.17 0.21

0.59 0.80 0.99 1.17 1.50

0.002 0.004 0.004 0.007 0.009

0.002 0.003 0.003 0.005 0.006

700 900 1200 1400 1800

144 195 243 285 369

Requirements for Weight Gain at 0.11 Lb.Dry Matter (lb./head) Total Protein (lb.) TDN (lb.) Ca (lb.) P (lb.) Vitamin A (IU) Vitamin E (IU)

0.40

0.03

0.22

0.002

0.002

300

54

Requirements for Weight Gain at 0.22 Lb.Dry Matter (lb./head) Total Protein (lb.) TDN (lb.) Ca (lb.) P (lb.) Vitamin A (IU) Vitamin E (IU)

0.79

0.006

0.44

0.002

0.002

500

108

Requirements for Weight Gain at 0.33 Lb.Dry Matter (lb./head) Total Protein (lb.) TDN (lb.) Ca (lb.) P (lb.) Vitamin A (IU) Vitamin E (IU)

1.19

0.09

0.66

0.004

0.003

800

162

Lambs Moderate Growth Potential

Body Wt. (lb.)

Avg Daily Gain (lb.)

Dry Matter (lb./head)

Percent Body Weight

Total Protein (lb.)

TDN (lb.)

Ca (lb.)

P (lb.)

Vitamin A (IU)

Vitamin E (IU)

22 44 66 88 110

0.44 0. 0.66 0.76 0.66

. 2.2 2.9 3.3 3.3

.0 5.0 4. 3.8 3.0

0. 0. 0.42 0.44 0.40

0. 1.8 2.2 2.6 2.6

0.008 0.012 0.015 0.017 0.015

0.004 0.005 0.007 0.008 0.008

4 0 940 1410 1880 2350

10 20 20 22 22

Lambs, Rapid Growth Potential

Body Wt. (lb.)

Avg Daily Gain (lb.)

Dry Matter (lb./head)

Percent Body Weight

Total Protein (lb.)

TDN (lb.)

Ca (lb.)

P (lb.)

Vitamin A (IU)

Vitamin E (IU)

22 44 66 88 110 132

0.55 0.66 0.72 0.88 0.94 0.77

1.3 2.6 3.1 3.3 3.7 3.7

6.0 6.0 4.7 3.8 3.4 2.8

0.35 0.45 0.48 0.51 0.53 0.53

1.1 2.0 2.4 2.5 2.8 2.8

0.011 0.014 0.016 0.017 0.021 0.018

0.005 0.006 0.007 0.009 0.015 0.010

470 940 1410 1880 2350 2820

12 24 21 22 25 25

Finishing

Body Wt. (lb.)

Avg Daily Gain (lb.)

Dry Matter (lb./head)

Percent Body Weight

Total Protein (lb.)

TDN (lb.)

Ca (lb.)

P (lb.)

Vitamin A (IU)

Vitamin E (IU)

66

0.65 0.60 0.45

2.9 3.5 3.5

4.3

0.42 0.41 0.35

2.1 2.7 2.7

0.014 0.014 0.012

0.007 0.007 0.007

1410 1880 2350

20 24 24

88

4.0

110

3.2

Best System for both spp. Is grazing with supplement feeding of high energy concentrate ration Consume 2 percent of their body weight dry matter from the grazing 1.5-2.0 percent body weight from supplement concentrate Coccidiosis, ET, Acidosis and foot rot

Fed on total mixed ration having dry roughages and concentrate with little supplemented green fodder Concentrate ration +wheat straw in 60:40 ratio CP=15% ,TDN= 65% Conserve the energy Feed additives Green fodder . vitamin

Concentrates are those feeds which are low in fibre and high in energy And used for feedlot fattening

Maize, Barley, Oats, Sorghum, Bajra, Grams, beet pulp/beet molasses and cane molasses .Energy High digestible carbohydrates and have low content of indigestible fibre Protein content of cereals 8-10% and TDN 70-80% Cottonseed Cake And Meal, Rapeseed Cake and Meal, Corn Gluten Feed and Meal, Sunflower Meal, Linseed Meal, Sesame Cake ..Protein

Good quality feedstuff, which are palatable free from fungus growth and any contaminations Roughages are harvested at proper stage Early hour of the day 50% of the daily requirement of the concentrate i.e. 1% Grazing for few hours so that animals can consume 2% of their body weight green fodder 1% of the body weight of the concentrate ration is offered in the evening in the shed

In TMR systemThe fodder along with dry and/or green fodder is offered twice a day along with concentrate ration

The following data is recorded to evaluate the performance of the animals Initial body weight at zero day of each animals Fortnightly body weight during the period of fattening of each Average daily total feed offered Average daily fodder offered Date and dose of deworming and vaccination and health record of animals