1. Explore your optionsSee the potential photographs in front of your camera Remember! Print is a flat piece of paper. Photograph transforms a 3D event into a frozen instant. The scene will be reduced to a smaller size and confined within the edges of the picture format. CONCENTRATE ON THE ACTUAL IMAGE!
Arthur Leipzig, Stickball, 1950
How much of a scene to show
Robert Frank, Parade, Hoboken, 1955
Get closer to your subject
Jerome Liebling, Blind Home
BRUCE DAVIDSON. Untitled, East 100th Street, 1966.
What is your photograph about?
Instead of shooting right away, stop a Moment to decide which part of a scene You really want to show.Jerome Liebling
Visualize what you want the photograph to look like
Sally Mann http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dJvYxxrLtQg
Every time you make an exposure you make choices about framing
Dont forget that the background is a part of the picture
Paul Strand, French Boy
Use the background when it contributes to something.
Single small object against a contrasting background attracts attention
The eye tends to connect two or more spots like a connect the numbers drawing
Don Hong-Oai, Hoops
Russell Lee, Hidalgo County, Texas, 1939
A line is a shape that is longer than it is wide. This is an Ex. of an actual line.
More actual line
Psychology of lines
Horizontal > calm, stability Vertical > stature, strength Diagonal > activity, motion Zigzag > rapid motion Curve > gracefulness, slowness
Shape - tonal changes across the subject can give illusion of depth Two or more objects invite comparison of their shapes
Multiple spot, lines, or shapes can create a pattern that add interest and unites the elements in a scene
Objects that are close together can be seen as a single shape
Contrast attracts attention
Try to emphasize subjects with camera angle, use scene to reinforce emphasis-Set tension! Remember! A centered symmetrical arrangement can be boring.
People look first at the sharpest part of a photograph --your point of view can have a strong influence
Shape of light and dark
Composition -- the rule of thirdThe basic principle behind the rule of thirds is to imagine breaking an image down into thirds (both horizontally and vertically) so that you have 9 parts. With this grid in mind the rule of thirds now identifies four important parts of the image that you should consider placing points of interest in as you frame your image.
Not only this - but it also gives you four lines that are also useful positions for elements in your photo.
The theory is that if you place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines that your photo becomes more balanced and will enable a viewer of the image to interact with it more naturally. Studies have shown that when viewing images that peoples eyes usually go to one of the intersection points most naturally rather than the center of the shot - using the rule of thirds works with this natural way of viewing an image rather than working against it.
Arno Rafael Minkinnen
The relative distance of objects from the lens and from each other affects perspective = the illusion of 3D in a flat 2D photograph
Think Space! Overlapping of objects create depth
Suyeon Yun, Birthday Card
Unifying principles of design (a successful art is called the gestalt of a work)1. Repetition
Fred R. Conrad
Margaret Bourke-White, contour plowing
Pancho Gonzales, 1972
Fred R. Conrad
Observe & express texture
Seeing beauty in unlikely place