THE PHOENICIAN ORIGIN OF BRITONS SCOTS & ANGLO-SAXONS
DISCOVERED BY PHOENICIAN & SUMERIAN
INSCRIPTIONS IN BRITAIN, BY PRE-
ROMAN BRITON COINS & A MASS
OF NEW HISTORY
L. A. Waddell
[Lawrence Austine Waddell] LL.D., C.B., C.I.E.
Fellow of Royal Anthropological Institute, Linnean & Folk-Lore
Societies, Hon. Correspondt. Indian Archaeological
Survey, Ex-Professor of Tibetan,
WITH OVER ONE HUNDRED ILLUSTRATIONS AND PLATES
Orig. pub. by Williams & Norgate, 1924
2nd ed., 1925
laboriously scanned by JR
and proofread by Dr. Samar Abbas, Aligarh, India (July, 2003)
Version 0.9: all chapters and images done and doubly proof-read; appendices left out. Work to be done in
later versions: appendices to be added; foreword to be added; headers at the top to be added; images in
Chapter 21 to be corrected; html tag minimization to be done for ch.12, 19, 20, 23.
Version 1.0: Added Preface. Added List of Illustrations (p/o ToC). Corrected images and text in Ch. 21.
Minimized html tags for Ch. 12, 19, 20, 23. Added/revised page headers where needed. Added/revised
appendices. Added index as PDF of images.
Frontispiece Plate Aryan Phoenician inscriptions on Newton Stone
List of Illustrations (pp. xxiii-xxvi).
p. xvii: CONTENTS
Preface (pp. v-xv).
Chapter 1. THE PHOENICIANS DISCOVERED TO BE ARYANS IN RACE
AND THE ANCESTORS OF THE BRITONS, SCOTS AND ANGLO-
SAXONS ... pp. 1-15.
Chapter 2. THE UNDECIPHERED PHOENICIAN INSCRIPTIONS OF
ABOUT 400 B.C. IN BRITAIN AND SITE OF MONUMENT ... pp. 16-20.
Chapter 3. THE INSCRIPTIONS ON NEWTON STONE AND PREVIOUS
FUTILE ATTEMPTS AT DECIPHERMENT ... pp. 21-25.
Chapter 4. DECIPHERMENT AND TRANSLATION OF THE PHOENICIAN
INSCRIPTIONS Disclosing Monument to be a votive Fire-Cross to the Sun-
God Bel by a Phoenician Hittite "Brit-on," and the script and language Aryan-
Phoenician or Early Briton ... pp. 26-32.
Chapter 5. DATE OF NEWTON STONE INSCRIPTIONS ABOUT 400 B.C.
Disclosing special features of Aryan-Phoenician Script, also Ogam as sacred
Sun-cult script of the Hittites, Early Britons and Scots ... pp. 33-37.
Chapter 6. PERSONAL, ETHNIC AND GEOGRAPHICAL PHOENICIAN
NAMES AND TITLES IN NEWTON STONE INSCRIPTION AND THEIR
HISTORIC SIGNIFICANCE Disclosing also Phoenician source of the "Cassi"
title of Ancient Briton kings and their Coins ... pp. 38-51.
p. xviii: CONTENTS
Chapter 7. PHOENICIAN TRIBAL TITLE OF "BARAT" OR "BRIHAT"
AND ITS SOURCE OF NAMES "BRIT-ON," "BRIT-AIN" AND "BRIT-
ANNIA" Disclosing Aryan-Phoenician Origin of the tutelary Britannia and of
her form and emblems in Art ... pp. 52-66.
Chapter 8. PHOENICIAN BARAT OR "BRIT" AUTHOR OF NEWTON
STONE INSCRIPTIONS DISCLOSED AS HISTORICAL ORIGINAL OF
"PART-OLON, KING OF THE SCOTS" AND TRADITIONAL CIVILIZER
OF IRELAND ABOUT 400 B.C. Disclosing Hitto-Phoenician Origin of clan
title "Uallana" or "Vellaunus" or "Wallon" of Briton Kings Cassi-Vellaunus or
Cad-Wallon, &c.; and of "Uchlani" title of Cassi ruling Britons ... pp. 67-80.
Chapter 9. LOCAL SURVIVAL OF PART-OLON'S NAME IN THE
Barthol, Bartle, Bartholomew, and "Brude" title of the Kings of the Picts ... pp.
Chapter 10. PART-OLON'S INVASION OF IRELAND ABOUT 400 B.C.
DISCOVERS THE FIRST PEOPLING OF IRELAND AND ALBION IN THE
STONE AGE BY MATRIARCHIST VAN OR FEN "DWARFS" Disclosing
Van or "Fein" Origin of Irish aborigines and of their Serpent-Worship, St.
Brigid and Matrilinear Customs of Irish and Picts ... pp. 91-110.
Chapter 11. WHO WERE THE PICTS? Disclosing their Non-Aryan Racial
Nature and Affinity with Matriarchist Van, Wan or Fein Dwarfs and as the
aborigines of Britain in Stone Age ... pp. 111-126.
p. xix: CONTENTS
Chapter 12. WHO WERE THE "CELTS" PROPERLY SO-CALLED?
Disclosing identity of Early British "Celts" or Kelts and "Culdees" with the
"Khaldis" of Van and the Picts ... pp. 127-141.
Chapter 13. COMING OF THE BRITONS OR ARYAN BRITO-
PHOENICIANS UNDER KING BRUTUS-THE-TROJAN TO ALBION
ABOUT 1103 B.C. ... pp. 142-167.
Chapter 14. ARYANIZING CIVILIZATION OF PICTS AND CELTS BY
BRUTUS AND HIS BRITO-PHOENICIAN GOTHS ABOUT 1100 B.C.
Disclosing Phoenician Origin of Celtic, Cymric, Gothic and English
Languages, and Founding of London and Bronze Age, ... pp. 168-187.
Chapter 15. PHOENICIAN PENETRATION OF BRITAIN ATTESTED BY
"BARAT" PATRONYM IN OLD PLACE AND ETHNIC NAMES Disclosing
also Sumero-Phoenician sources of "Cumber, Cymer and Somer" ethnic Names
... pp. 188-199.
Chapter 16. "CATTI," - "KEITH, GAD AND CASSI" TITLES IN OLD
ETHNIC AND PLACE NAMES EVIDENCING PHOENICIAN
PENETRATION OF BRITAIN AND ITS ISLES Confirming Hitto-Phoenician
Origin of "Catti" and "Cassi" Coins of Pre-Roman Britain ... pp. 200-215.
Chapter 17. PREHISTORIC STONE CIRCLES IN BRITAIN DISCLOSED AS
SOLAR OBSERVATORIES ERECTED BY MOR-ITE BRITO-
PHOENICIANS AND THEIR DATE Disclosing method of "Sighting" the
Circles ... pp. 216-235.
Chapter 18. PREHISTORIC "CUP-MARKING" ON CIRCLES, ROCKS,
ETC., IN BRITAIN, AND CIRCLES ON ANCIENT BRITAIN COINS AND
MONUMENTS AS INVOCA-
p. xx: CONTENTS
TIONS TO SUN-GOD IN SUMERIAN CIRCLE SCRIPT BY EARLY
HITTO-PHOENICIANS Disclosing Decipherment and Translations of
prehistoric Briton inscriptions by identical Cup-marks on Hitto-Sumerian seals
and Trojan amulets with explanatory Sumer script; and Hitto-Sumer Origin of
god-names "Jahveh" or Jove, Indra, "Indri"-Thor of Goths. "St. Andrew,"
Earth-goddess "Maia" or May, "Three Fates or Sibyls" etc., and of English
names and signs of Numerals ... pp. 236-261.
Chapter 19. "SUN-WORSHIP" AND BEL-FIRE RITES IN EARLY BRITAIN
DERIVED FROM THE PHOENICIANS Disclosing Phoenician Origin of
Solar Emblems on pre-Christian monuments in Britain, on pre-Roman Briton
Coins, and of "Deazil" or Sunwise direction and Horse-shoe for Luck, etc., &
John-the-Baptist as Aryan Sun Fire priest ... pp. 262-288.
Chapter 20. SUN CROSS OF HITTO-PHOENICIANS IS ORIGIN OF PRE-
CHRISTIAN CROSS ON BRITON COINS AND MONUMENTS AND OF
"CELTIC" AND "TRUE" CROSS IN CHRISTIANITY Disclosing Catti, "Hitt-
ite" or Gothic Origin of "Celtic" or Runic Cross, Fiery Cross, Red Cross of St.
George, Swastika and "Spectacles," Crosses on Early Briton Coins, etc., and
introduction of True Cross into Christianity by the Goths; and ancient "Brito-
Gothic" Hymns to the Sun ... pp. 289-314.
Chapter 21. ST. ANDREW AS PATRON SAINT WITH HIS "CROSS"
INCORPORATES HITTO-SUMERIAN FATHER-GOD INDARA, INDRA
OR GOTHIC "INDRI"-THOR AND HIS HAMMER INTRODUCED INTO
EARLY BRITAIN BY GOTHIC PHOENICIANS Disclosing pre-Christian
worship of Andrew in Early Britain and Hittite Origin of Crosses
p. xxi: CONTENTS
on Union Jack and Scandinavian Ensigns; Unicorn and Cymric Goat as sacred
Goat of Indara; Goat as rebus for "Goth"; and St. Andrew as an Aryan
Phoenician ... pp. 315-337.
Chapter 22. CORN SPIRIT "TAS-MIKAL" OR "TASH-UB" OF HITTO-
SUMERS IS "TASCIO" OF EARLY BRITON COINS AND PREHISTORIC
INSCRIPTIONS, "TY" GOTHIC GOD OF TUES-DAY, AND "MICHAEL-
THE-ARCHANGEL," INTRODUCED BY PHOENICIANS Disclosing his
identity with Phoenician Arch-angel "Tazs," "Taks," "Dashap-Mikal," and
"Thiaza," "Mikli" of Goths, "Daxa" of Vedas, and widespread worship in Early
and of those names ... pp. 338-362.
Chapter 23. ARYAN-PHOENICIAN RACIAL ELEMENT IN THE MIXED
RACE OF THE BRITISH ISLES AND ITS EFFECT ON THE PROGRESS OF
BRITISH CIVILIZATION ... pp. 363-378.
Chapter 24. HISTORICAL EFFECTS OF THE DISCOVERIES ... pp. 379-384.
1. CHRONOLOGICAL LIST OF EARLY BRITON KINGS, FROM BRUTUS
ABOUT 1103 B.C. TO ROMAN PERIOD, COMPILED FROM EARLY
BRITISH CHRONICLES OF GEOFFREY OF MONMOUTH AND
SUPPLEMENTED BY RECORDS OF DR. POWELL, ETC., and confirmed by
testimony of Briton Coins, etc. ... pp. 385-393.
p. xxii: CONTENTS
2. PART-OLON'S IDENTITY WITH "CATH-LUAN," FIRST
TRADITIONAL KING OF THE PICTS IN SCOTLAND ... pp. 394-396.
3. "CATTI" PLACE AND ETHNIC NAMES EVIDENCING PHOENICIAN
PENETRATION IN THE HOME COUNTIES, MIDLANDS, NORTH OF
ENGLAND, IRELAND AND SCOTLAND ... pp. 397-403.
4. BRUTUS-THE-TROJAN AS THE HOMERIC HERO "PEIRITHOOS" ...
5. FOUNDING OF LONDON AS "NEW TROY" (TRI-NOVANT) BY KING
BRUTUS ABOUT 1100 B.C. ... pp. 407-410.
6. MOR OR "AMORITE" CUP-MARKED INSCRIPTION WITH SUMERIAN
SCRIPT ON TOMB OF ARYAN SUN-PRIESTESS, OF ABOUT 4000 B.C.,
FROM SMYRNA, SUPPLYING A KEY TO CUP-MARKED SCRIPT IN
BRITAIN ... pp. 411-412.
7. THE AMORITE PHOENICIAN TIN MINES OF CASSITERIDES IN
CORNWALL (?) REFERRED TO BY SARGON I. OF AKKAD, ABOUT
2750 B.C.; & KAPTARA OR "CAPHTOR" AS ABDARA IN SPAIN ... pp.