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Satellite imagery and GIS – practical tools for Emergency Shelter Cluster Einar Bjorgo

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  • Satellite imagery and GIS practical tools for Emergency Shelter Cluster

    Einar Bjorgo

  • What is UNOSAT?

    The United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) Operational Satellite Applications Programme - a unique UN programme entirely dedicated to providing satellite based solutions to the UN, local governments, international organizations and NGOs

    Supports early warning, crisis response, human rights, sustainable recovery, vulnerability reduction and local capacity building

    UNOSAT mission is to deliver integrated satellite-based solutions for human security, peace and socio-economic development, in keeping with the mandate given to UNITAR by the UN General Assembly since 1965.

  • Humanitarian: Rapid mapping in support to disaster management and relief, human rights

    Development: Local capacity building, projects

    Training and awareness raising: Customized, from user-perspectiveThree main pillarsUNOSAT works across clusters, for example: Emergency Shelter Cluster Emergency Telecom Cluster Early Recovery Cluster

  • Satellite imagery support to Cluster approachClusterExample themeClusterExample themeClusters used in South Asia Earthquake operation. Source: Humanitarian Information Centre, Islamabad

    Food and nutritionCrop productionVegetation coverFood distributionWater and sanitationSurface waterGround waterWater pollutionHydrographic networkWaste managementHealthHospitalsTemperature (air, water)HumidityLakes and riversField assessmentsEmergency shelterPre-disaster identificationPost-disaster assessmentDistribution densityEarly recovery and reconstructionBaseline dataPre-disaster situationDebris analysis

    IT/TelecommunicationRadio coverageLogisticsRoadsBridgesRiversPortsAirportsSnow coverLand slidesCamp managementLocation planningCamp layoutShelter detectionRegistrationProtectionFirewood availabilityTheatre of operations and international bordersDamage assessmentsEducationLocal capacity buildingSchool (re)location

  • Common baseline information about whereCommon reference system for area of interest the mapSharable data can be used by various actors inside ESCLink to other clustersSatellite images for up-to-date mapsEmergency assessments of destroyed buildingsReconstruction or re-localization planningProgress monitoringRe-use and update from relief to development

    Why are geographic information and satellite imagery useful for ESC?

  • UNOSAT support to humanitarian emergencies

  • UNOSAT support to humanitarian emergencies2003 - 2007

  • Rapid Mapping technical methodology - Damage assessment: Earthquake and conflictsFor conflicts and earthquakes: Only level 5 damage fully detectable in imagery, some level 4 can be identified

  • Rapid Mapping technical methodology - Damage assessment example: Earthquake, IndonesiaPhotos by UNOSAT

  • Image copyright: Digital Globe distributed by EURIMAGEDamage visible in post-EQ image is assessed to be of level 5.

  • Field verification, interaction, data uploadUNOSAT sends expert to the field to verify imagery analysis

    If UNOSAT not in the field, field verification is provided by partners, e.g. OCHA FIS, UNDAC, others

  • ABABPrePostImage interpreted target locationsDamage level classification 5

  • Examples

  • Becora Camea, Dili, East Timor7 September 200510 September 2006 Buildings burned between the two dates

  • ESC related maps for specific emergency

  • Pre-disaster imageCopyright: DigitalGlobe

  • Post-disaster image (6 May 2008)Copyright: DigitalGlobe

  • Severe coastal erosion (missing houses)missing housesdestroyed houses

  • Earthquake, Sichuan Province, China - 12 May 2008Landslides as seen in satellite imagery, source: UNOSAT/NSPOImage date:14 May 2006

    Beichuan north

  • Earthquake, Sichuan Province, China - 12 May 2008Collapsed infrastructure as seen in satellite imagery, source: UNOSAT/NSPOImage date:14 May 2008

    Beichuan north

  • Earthquake, Sichuan Province, China - 12 May 2008Collapsed infrastructure as seen in satellite imagery, source: UNOSAT/NSPOImage date:14 May 2008

    Beichuan northLandslideDestroyed buildingsDestroyed bridge

  • Online mapping

  • Ivory Coast

  • [email protected]

    +41 76 487 4998 (24/7 hotline)