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    Jochen Bder and Bernhard Grne,

    Architecture Governance and Standards

    THE ARCHITECTURE OF SAP ENTERPRISE RESOURCE PLANNING (ERP)SAP ARCHITECTURE BLUEBOOK

    Find more Information in the Architecture Library: https://portal.wdf.sap.corp/go/architecture-library

    Materials

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    THE BEST-RUN BUSINESSES RUN SAP

    This book provides the first comprehensive description of the architecture concepts of SAP

    Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). It is an extended compilation of the Architecture

    Bluebooks about SAP ERP Operations, SAP ERP Financials, and SAP ERP Human Capital

    Management (HCM) written by the following authors:

    Satish Karthik (SAP ERP Operations) joined SAP Labs India in 2003 and has been working

    as a Solution Architect in IMS development support India for Materials Management (MM). In

    the past years, Sathish also worked across development areas such as consulting, custom

    development, or product management within SAP.

    Currently, Sathish is working in the SAP APO (Advanced Planner & Optimizer) area at SAP

    Labs Palo Alto.

    Sushil Kumar (SAP ERP Financials) started in SAP IMS development support India in 2005

    with the FI Business Warehouse topic and has become an expert of the financial

    inconsistencies area which deals with database corrections for customer financials data.

    In his current role as an Associate Architect he has overall responsibility for various financials

    topics which are supported in India, including GL inconsistencies, archiving, and analytics.

    Sagar Joshi (SAP ERP HCM) joined SAP Labs India in 2000 and since then worked in the

    HCM Development team. In the initial years with SAP, he focused on the HCM country

    version for India and was a key contributor to delivering the payroll and HR localization to

    Indian customers. Since 2004, Sagar is working as Architect on various topic in the area of

    HCM self services and shared services. His current responsibility is the renovation of HCM

    user interfaces.

  • i

    Jochen Bder, Bernhard Grne (Editors)

    Sathish Karthik R, Sushil Kumar, Sagar Joshi (Authors)

    The Architecture of SAP Enterprise

    Resource Planning (ERP)

    SAP Architecture Bluebook

    Internal

    Version 1.0

    December 2010

  • SAP Architecture Bluebook: SAP ERP

    ii Internal Copyright SAP AG 2010

    2010 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

    SAP, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, Duet, PartnerEdge, ByDesign, SAP BusinessObjects

    Explorer, and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their

    respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and

    other countries.

    Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports,

    Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius, and other Business Objects products and

    services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered

    trademarks of Business Objects Software Ltd. in the United States and in other countries.

    All other product and service names mentioned are the trademarks of their respective

    companies. Data contained in this document serves informational purposes only. National

    product specifications may vary.

    These materials are subject to change without notice. These materials are provided by

    SAP AG and its affiliated companies (SAP Group) for informational purposes only,

    without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP Group shall not be liable for

    errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP Group

    products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements

    accompanying such products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as

    constituting an additional warranty.

  • SAP Architecture Bluebook: SAP ERP

    Copyright SAP AG 2010 Internal iii

    Table of Contents

    Foreword ............................................................................................................ 1

    Preface ................................................................................................................ 2

    1 Architecture of SAP ERP .............................................................................. 3

    1.1 SAP ERP Overview ............................................................................................... 4

    1.2 SAP ERP Operations ............................................................................................ 4

    1.3 SAP ERP Financials ............................................................................................. 5

    1.4 SAP ERP Human Capital Management .............................................................. 6

    2 SAP ERP Operations ..................................................................................... 7

    2.1 Introduction of SAP ERP Operations ................................................................. 9 2.1.1 Master Data and Reuse .........................................................................................10 2.1.2 Integration with SAP Business Suite ......................................................................13

    2.2 Material Master ................................................................................................... 16 2.2.1 Architecture Overview ............................................................................................16 2.2.2 The View Concept of Material Master ....................................................................17 2.2.3 Database Design of Material Master ......................................................................20

    2.3 Business Partner Master Data .......................................................................... 22 2.3.1 Partner Determination ............................................................................................22

    2.4 Sales and Distribution ....................................................................................... 24 2.4.1 Architecture Overview ............................................................................................24 2.4.2 Integration ..............................................................................................................27 2.4.3 Pricing ....................................................................................................................28 2.4.4 Availability Check ...................................................................................................36

    2.5 Production Planning .......................................................................................... 43 2.5.1 Master Data ............................................................................................................43 2.5.2 Integration ..............................................................................................................44 2.5.3 Planning Functions .................................................................................................45 2.5.4 Production Execution .............................................................................................51

    2.6 Materials Management ....................................................................................... 56 2.6.1 Procurement of Materials .......................................................................................57 2.6.2 Procurement of Services ........................................................................................58 2.6.3 Integration ............