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S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 1: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 2: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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.

1

Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 . Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3 . Ainsworth 4 . Secure 5 . Ambivalent 6 . Avoidant 7

Hazen & Shaver 8

Bartholomew 9 Horowitz 10

Griffin 11 .

Multi method & multisource

Page 3: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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1

Dismissing 2

Fearful 3

Agency 4

Pathways 5 .

Optimism 6

Pessimism 7 . Resiliency 8 . Ethical leadership 9 .

De Hoogh & Den Hartog 10 .

Despotic leadership 11 .

Aronson 12

House & Howell 13

Psychological capital 14 .

Positive psychology

Page 4: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Social desirability

Page 5: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Nunnally 2

Khuntia & Suar

Page 6: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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SPSS

1 .

Aiken & West 2 .

Statistical Package for social sciences

Page 7: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 8: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 9: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 10: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 11: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 12: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 13: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Page 14: S attachment theory¯ل پرور8.pdf2. 1Bowlb,S attachment theory 2 .Popper , Mayseless &Castelnovo 3. Ainsworth 4. Secure 5 .Ambivalent 6 .Avoidant 7 Hazen & Shaver 8 Bartholomew

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Aiken , L.S ., & West , S.G (1991) . Multiple regression: Testing and interesting interactions . Newbury Park , CA Aronson , E , (2001) . Intergrating leadership styles and ethical perspective. Canadian Journal of Admins trative of Sciences, 18 , 244

256 Bartholomew , K . (1990).Avoidence of intimacy : An attachment perspective . Journal of Social and Personal Relationship , 7 , 147-178 Bartholomew , K. & Horowitz , L . M. (1991) . Attachment styles among young adult: A test of four

category model . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 61 , 226-244. De Hoogh , A . H.B, & Den Hartlog , D.N.(2008). Ethical and despotic leadership , relationship with leaders social responsibility , top mangment team effectivlvenss and subordinates optimism : A multi method study. The Leadership Quarterly , 19 , 297

311. Griffin , D,W, & Bartholomew , K . (1994) . The metalphysics of measurement: The case of adult attachment . In K. Bartholomew & D.Perlman (Eds.), Advance in personal relationship (vol .5 , pp.17-52). Londion : Jessica kingsley.

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Hazen ,C.,& Shaver , P (1987). Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process . Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , 52 , 511

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House , R.J, & Howell , J.M.(1992) . Persondlity and charismatic leadership. The Leadership Qudrterly , 3 (2) , 81-108. Khuntia,R., & Suar , D .(2004). A scale to assess ethical leadership of Indian privete and public sector managers. Journal of Business Ethics , 49 , 13-26. Ling Siu , O., Hui,C.H., Philips , D.R, Lin , L, Wong , TW. & Shic,K .(2009). A study of resiliency among chines health care workers : capacity to cope whit workplace stress . Journal of Research in Personality , 43 , 770-776. Lopes, M.P., Ecunha, M.P., & Da Palma , P.J.(2006).Positive psychological capital : Disthinguishing prohles and their impact on organizational climate . Instituto superior de psicologia Aplicada . Organization Behavior OB/03/2006, /32. Peterson , S,J.,Balthazard P.A.,Waldman ,D.A.,& Thatcher , R.W.(2008). Neuroscientific implication of psychological capital : Are the brain of optimistic , hopeful , confident , and resilient leaders different ? Organizational Dynamics , 37 (4) , 342-353. Popper , M., Mayselss ,O. , & Castelnovo,O.(2000).Transformational leadership and attachment . The Leadership Quarterly , ll(2), 267-289.

The new viewpoint about the role of attachment style in work and organizathional place: Dr.M,Golparvar., Z.Vaseghi

1.Faculity member of the industrial and organizational psychology group , pspchology and Educational group , Islamic Azad Univercity , khoasgan Branch , Esfahan , Iran .

2 . MA in I/O psychology , Islamic Azad university , Khorasgan Branch , Esfahan , Iran .

Abstract This research was carried out with the aim of studying the role of attachment style in connection between ethical and despotic leadership with psychological capital in Esfahan city. Research statically population were the employees of an organization with 350 persons in spring 1389.Among this statistical population, 194 persons for participating to research were selected using convenience sampling. questionnaires which were used in research including : attachment style with 14 item and four subscales named secure , ambivalent , fearful and dismissing attachment , ethical leadership with 20 item with two subscales :empowerment and motivating and motivating and guidance , despotic leadership question air (with 5 items)and psychological capital questionnaire with 19 items(and five subscales: agency , pathways, optimizing , pessimism and resiliency). Data which were gathered from coefficient and hierarchical regression analysis .Evidence from regression analysis revealed that in with dismissing attachment style and high secure ethical leadership with agency and pessimism respectively. Also in high dismissing and secure attachment, there are positive signify cant relationship between

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motivator ethical leadership with pathway ability . Finally, the evidences from regression analysis showed that, in high fearful attachment, there is negative significant and in high fearful attachment, there are negative significant relations between despotic leadership with optimism respectively. Keywords: Attachment styles, Ethical leadership, Despotic leadership, psychological capital.

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