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Page 1: ROOMINGMANUAL - NCSU

ROOMING MANUAL

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Page 2: ROOMINGMANUAL - NCSU

Your Reward for Attractive Personal Appearance

Personal appearance includes many things and of great importance are proper dressand good grooming. If you choose your clothes carefully, learn how to select them sothat you have attractive outfits, and learn what styles and colors are best for you, you donot need a huge clothing budget to show good taste in clothes.You may have pretty, well chosen clothes, but your body must have good care also in

order that you have an attractive appearance. This means your skin, teeth, hands, nails,feet, hair, etc. receive proper attention at all times.Anything worthwhile takes time, and the time you devote to making the most of what

you have is well spent. Just remember, a good appearance pays off in giving you self-assurance and the satisfaction of knowing that you look your best.

This manual includes many activities from which you may choose to fulfill the require-ments for this project. These begin on page 1.

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PROJECT AREAS AND ACTIVITIESYou want to look your best at all times and this Personal Appearance Project will help

you do just that. The project includes activities from which to choose. Your project leaderwill help you become familiar with each activity. You Should do at least four activitieseach year.

AREA I. Wardrobe Planning:1. Make a study of the types of clothes you should wear for various occasions as school,

church, informal party, tea, interviews, and other events you attend in your community orschool. Tell what you learned when you write your story. You may want to make a chartshowing this and include it with your record book.

2. Make an inventory of your wardrobe. As you do this inventory, separate the clothesyou no longer wear and plan to give them to someone or to one of your community projects.Make a chart with columns to include what you have, what you need, what needs repairing,and what needs discarding. Include the chart with your record book.

3. Make a study of the various lines and decide what types you should wear for yourfigure type. Include also a study of necklines. What did you find out about yourself? Includethis with the story you hand in with your record book.

4. As you plan your wardrobe for the coming season, take advantage of mixing and match-ing outfits. Plan to buy or make two skirts and two new blouses and coordinate them so thatyou can have five or six different outfits. You may have even more through changing theaccessories. Record what you have learned and hand in your record book.

5. Learn what colors look best on you. Were you surprised to find there are some newones which you found you could wear? Include what you found through this study when youhand in your record book.

6. Write a news article on some area of dress or wardrobe planning and submit to yourschool, local, or county newspaper. Be sure to have your Extension agent approve it. Attacha clipping to the record you hand in.

AREA II. Clothing Care:7. Have a plan for keeping your clothes clean and in good repair. Keep a record of the

mending and repairing you do. You can also plan to do the mending for your family.8. Assemble a “Care of Clothes” kit. Let it include:

Clothes brush Mild soapSpot remover Water softenerShoe polish Mild bleachSuede brush Automatic ironSewing kit Moth crystalsPressing cloth

9. Keep labels which come on your ready-made clothes and keep a file so you will havea record of what fiber each garment is made of and how to care for it. This should be indi-cated in your story you hand in with your record book.

10. Rearrange your clothes closet and dresser drawers so your clothes are arranged neatlyand are easy to find. Use boxes or dividers in the drawers for jewelry, hose, handkerchiefs,etc. Have a place in your closet for shoes, hats, belts, etc. Describe what you did and handin on a separate sheet with your record sheet. You may want to include pictures of the im-provements.

AREA III. Personal Grooming:

11. Make a list of improvements you would like to make as skin, hair, posture, nails orweight. Decide how you will plan to make these improvements during the coming year.

12. Study the correct application of lipstick. Learn also what color looks best on you.Remember that your natural coloring dictates the selection.

13. Experiment with hair styles. Find one good for you and easy to manage. Pictures wouldhelp to show this improvement if it is possible for you to have snapshots made of yourself.

14. Keep your teeth in good condition by regular brushing. Visit your dentist twice a yearor more often if necessary.

15. Learn to improve your posture. Practice how you should stand, sit, walk, cross yourlegs.

16. Make a study of chairs. Learn which ones will help you to have good posture andshow poise while you sit. Learn which ones to avoid. If possible, have a full-length mirror soyou can see how you look when you sit in the various types of chairs.

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is well to avoid most of these unless you have plenty of money. Sometimes, however, fads lastlong enough to be a fashion or style.

Fashion is the current .mode or accepted way of dressing. Fashions that have long acceptanceare known as classics.

Style is the silhouette, fabric, color, and accessories of a particular time. Style usually showsthe needs and tastes of the majority of people and becomes associated with a particular period.Styles may last for many years.

Line and Design in Your Wardrobe

Few people have the perfect figure so they depend on well-chosen clothes to help emphasizegood features and disguise poor ones. Lines in clothes can make you look taller, shorter, thinner,or wider. There are four types of lines—vertical, horizontal, diagonal and curved. Each givesa specific effect.

Lines are found in the design of the dress and in the design or pattern of the fabric. Seamsin princess-style dresses form lines. You see strong vertical lines in the silhouette of a shift—typedress. Different shapes of necklines, collars and sleeves and the direction of darts form differentkinds of lines.

Stripes, geometric designs and circles printed or woven in fabric are lines.

Vertical Lines Horizontal Lines Diagonal Lines Curved Lines

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What’s Your Best Line and Design?

Can wear mostgood defignsbut would lookbest in clothesthat add height.

Wear soft curving vertical lines.Single-color outfits are best; separates should match,rather than contrast.Light, bright colors will make you appear larger.

SHORT SLIM

SHORT AVERAGEUnbroken vertical stripes and panels would make youappear taller.Matching skirts and sweaters are good. They givea “one-piece” look, making the figure appear taller.Jackets should be waist length or shorter.Empire and waistless dresses, high yokes, and neck-line details are height builders.Tiny plaids and prints are good.Use small accessories.Simple designs are best.

Flared skirts will fill your hips; raglan sleeves willwiden your shoulderline; a high round neckline tendsto conceal a slender neck.Wear crisp fabrics that stand away from your smallframe; avoid bulky fabrics and clinging knits.Short jackets are becoming.Small plaids, prints and dainty, simple details suchas scallops, bows, button trim, small collars, are good.Accessories should be small and round.

You need tomake your figureseem in betterproportion: tallerand thinner.

Have the problemof adding bothheight andweight

SHORT PLUMPThis figure needs lengthwise details as coat-dressclosings, front panels, and vertical stripes.One—piece and overblouse outfits in soft, nonclingingfabrics give an effect of an unbroken silhouette.Slightly flared skirts are good.Clothes should fit well, not too tight or too loose.Medium color values are best; light colors add weightand dark colors define your shape. One-color separatesare good for you.Use small accessories which are angular in shape.

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TALL AVERAGEBold checks, plaids, and bulky material are becoming.These also appear to shorten the figure.Slim, pleated and full skirts are all good.This figure can wear almost any type of neckline—high, turtleneck, widely V’d, and collared.Dropped-waist detailing; softly bloused styles indresses and jumpers are good.Can be dramatic with large handbag and contrastingshoes.Avoid vertical lines which give “tall” effect.

If you arewell-proportionedyou can wearalmost anything.

TALL SLIMYou can wear dramatic prints and bright colors, heavytweeds, plush textures.You can shorten your figure by wearing boldly con-trasting separates, pleated and full skirts, long tunicsand jackets.Look for horizontal lines in the design. You will findwide-shoulder sleeves, bulky sweaters, and mid-lengthcoats are good.Concentrate on large trims and detail, wide collarsand hip-line pockets.Accent your outfit with big contrasting accessories.

Figure m‘3'Y Avoid closely fitted garments and unbroken lengthwiseneed to be lines."shortened.”

TALL PLUMPSimple semifitted clothes and relatively plain fabricsare best for you.A balance of vertical and horizontal lines should bemaintained.One-piece, easy-fitting dresses and jumpers will beflattering.Slightly flared skirts or skirts with one or two actionpleats will be flattering.Lengthwise panels, double-breasted closings and deepV necklines have slenderizing effects.Overblouses and sweater jackets conceal a too-largewaistline.Choose medium colors and subtle contrasts.A three-quarter-length coat is good as it will appearto cut your height.You need to strive for a smooth silhouette with gentlelines.

You probablywill want tominimize yoursize.

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Girls are often concerned with knowing the correct style neckline. Study the examples givenhere and look in your favorite pattern book for more that would look pleasing on you.

Oval face and/or medium neck

can

The person with an oval face and/0r medium neck can wear almost any style neckline.

Long face and/or long neck

a. a 1. (A person with a long face and/or long neck lines which add width as the high neckline,

ruffles, and various styles of collars.

Round face and/or short neck

lflfl

Lines which give length to the face and neck are best for a ' l ' hshort neck. Note the V-neck styles. glr Wlt a round face and/0r K

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Using Pattern and DesignMany girls do not consider fabric design as they select their clothes. Remember these simple

rules:(~ 1. Do not wear stripes and plaids together. All the lines cause so much confusion that neither

shows up well. Have you seen a girl wear a striped skirt and a plaid blouse together? Did you

. GOOD POOR

(, like the effect? Many times current fashion trends will show stripes and plaids used together,but usually this is a FAD.

2. You will be better satisfied if you wear a solid colored blouse with a designed suit or skirt.You may prefer either a plain or designed blouse with a solid colored suit. When you try tocombine more than one pattern in your costume, it becomes “busy”—the patterns take awayfrom each other rather than complementing each other.

3. Another suggestion is not to wear a flowered hat with a floral designed dress. It will make03’ your outfit too “fussy.” A plain, unadorned hat would be better with a floral design dress.

4. In considering pattern, design, and line, have only one point or center of interest. Thismay be a design detail, such as an interesting line, an attractive pin, or an unusual neckline.

Color and Texture in Your Wardrobe

ColorIn planning your wardrobe, you must have a color scheme. If a color scheme is not planned,

the articles in your wardrobe will not seem to belong together. You will have a lot of odd thingsthat fill your closet and drawers. You may say quite often, “I don’t have a thing to wear.” Also,you will find the cost of your wardrobe will be high.To help you plan a wardrobe that has good color harmony, try these suggestions.

0 Find your most becoming color. Hold swatches of fabric up around your face and studyyourself in the mirror. Does the color complement your skin, hair and eyes? Rememberto give your skin the greatest attention when selecting a becoming color.

0 Every main color (as red, blue, green, yellow, orange, and violet) has many different tintsand shades. You will probably be able to find at least one tint or shade in each color thatyou can wear. For example, you may think you cannot wear green but if you try a lighter

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green or a darker- green, you may find you can wear it better than a pure green. However,you will find that some colors and their tints and shades look better on you than others.

0 Keep your basic color and your most becoming color in mind when you choose the othercolors for your wardrobe. By using tints and shades and various intensities, you can get apleasing harmony. An attractive color scheme may be one in which you have used a combina—tion of one dark, one light, and one bright color.

0 We often refer to colors as being warm, cool, or neutral colors. The warm colors are thereds, oranges, and yellows. The cool colors are the blues, greens, and violets. Neutralsinclude the tans, grays, blacks, browns, and whites. It is not possible to say that all personswith a certain color complexion should wear certain colors. Since every person is different,she needs to select the best colors for herself. There are general rules, however, for help-ing you to select colors which are good for you:

If you have dark Skin and dark warm or cool colors in medium shadeS'h ' l ’alr, you can probab y wear tan or greys that contrast with the skin.

If you have fair skin and light . . .hair, you can probably wear warm or cool colors in lighter tints;dark browns and greys.

If you have fair skin and dark , ,h . , 1 warm or cool colors in bright shades;air you can probab y wear {white tan, and light greys.

0 Don’t forget to use bright colors for accents. This will add interest to your costume.0 Remember that a few garments can stretch into many outfits by mixing and matching.0 A well-dressed person wears only a few colors at a time. Usually no more than three shouldbe worn. As a rule, two colors may be better. One can be worn as the main color and asmaller amount of another color for accent. Too many colors will fight each other and nonewill be important or outstanding.

TextureTexture is something you feel as being rough, smooth, coarse, fine, deep and shallow. When

you select the parts of your outfit, you need to be sure the texture of each part is similar. Forexample, you would not wear a satin dress with straw shoes. One main reason is that the satinis a more dressy fabric and the straw is more casual or sporty. Another primary reason too hasto do with texture. The satin is smooth, cool feeling fabric while the straw is rough and warmfeeling. A dress or suit of hopsacking material Would blend well with straw shoes because thetexture is similar.Would you combine a wool skirt and a batiste blouse or a cotton skirt and a bulky wool

sweater? No, but a wool skirt with a bulky wool sweater would be a good choice.Can you begin to understand the meaning and importance of texture in your wardrobe plan-

ning?

Accessories

Accessories are a vital part of your costume. If well chosen they can add interest to yourover-all appearance. However, to be well chosen accessories must be:

0 Appropriate to the occasion0 In proportion to your size (not too large or small)0 In harmony with your ensemble in color, design, and texture0 Versatile (can be worn with several outfits)0 Of good quality

When selecting your accessories, keep your entire wardrobe in mind. Choose basic items youcan wear with many clothes. Often you will be tempted to buy fads and one or two of these is allright. However, don’t go overboard on one fad. You will find your money has been wasted whenyou can’t wear these accessories for more than a few weeks or one seas-on.Most teen-agers will find that they want hats, gloves, handbags, shoes, and jewelry as the

major accessory items.

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Hats: You will want to try several styles to seewhich looks best on you. Choose the one most becomingto you and add ribbons, flowers or pins to match youroutfits. A hat which harmonizes or goes with the colorof your ensemble is usually more interesting than onewhich matches it exactly.

Gloves: Every girl should have one or two pairs ofgloves. The most basic style is a short white neat pair.They will give a finishing touch to almost any outfitexcept for a strictly formal occasion when long glovesare usually worn. When you are an adult, you willwant gloves of different lengths. You may wantanother pair to match the most outstanding colorused in your entire wardrobe. An important rule toremember is to be sure your gloves are spotlessly cleanevery time you wear them. Soiled gloves speak loudlyin telling people about yourself.

Handbags: The styles of handbags change fre-quently, but a good basic bag is a soft clutch bag ina basic color which matches your favorite shoes.Many girls prefer the large tote bags or shoulderbags for school use. It is best to avoid fancy purseswith a lot of decoration. One with little or no trimand of a solid color would go with more outfits.

Shoes: The style of shoes will vary with theoccasion for which you will wear them. For dressoccasions, shoes with a little heel are appropriate;for casual dating, flats are good; and for schoolwear weejuns or casual flat—heeled styles.

Jewelry: Well-chosen and tastefully worn jewelrycan be the spice of your wardrobe’s life. Your jewelryis an expression of you and largely a matter of per-sonal taste. However, there are general guidelines forthe most effective use of jewelry.

1. Jewelry must be suitable to a person’s age. Theyounger you are, the simpler should be the jewelry.

2. Jewelry should be appropriate for your costumeand for the occasion. You should wear fancy or elabo-rate jewelry only on dress occasions.

3. Consider the time of day you will be wearing thejewelry. Pearls are probably the most versatile pieceof jewelry and can be worn at any time with almostany costume except sportswear. This can be a moneysaver.

A very important rule is not to wear all your jewelryat one time. Generally, a lot of jewelry is not necessarywith a garment of designed fabric. Plain earrings areusually enough. .

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Decide whether you prefer metals or colors. Thenselect a multistrand necklace, earrings, pin, and brace-let. Be sure that these blend in color or style and youcan interchange them as you like. For example, youmay wish to wear the necklace and earrings one time,the pin and earrings with another outfit, or the pinand bracelet together.

Scarves: A selection of scarves can also add colorand variety to your wardrobe. Try them to vary asimple neckline, to wear around your waist, to use asa band for your hair, or actually as a scarf.

Dare To Try New Things: Don’t be afraid to try something a little different with youraccessories. For example: don’t always wear your pin on your shoulder as you usually see itworn. Why not try some variations? Wear the pin:

under a lapel high on the shoulder

on a chain around your neck

on a pocket

as a center detail

on your collar or scarf

The Three W’s—What, When, Where

Having good taste in clothes means knowing whatto wear, when and where to wear it. The occasion orevent will be the main factor in deciding what clothesto wear. If you are not sure what to wear, ask yourhostess or a friend. It is much better to be under-dressed than overdressed. You would feel out of placeat an event if you were there in a party dress andsparkling jewelry if everyone else wore simple dressesand plain jewelry.

For information on the proper dress to wear foroccasions as school, interviews, luncheons, dances,travel, church and others, refer to the leaflet “Clothesfor the Places You Go,” 4-H F-6-11. You can receivecopies of this and other leaflets from your clothingleader or Extension agent.

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FOUNDATION GARMENTS FOR TEENSEven though you know what to wear when, and you have attractive, well-made garments, your

clothes will not fit and look right unless you have the proper foundation garments. If you havenever bought a bra or girdle, you may have some questions:

1. How do I know what size I should wear?2. Which style or type is best for my figure?3. Should I try on the foundation garment at the store, or just hope I’ve measured right

at home?

The teen figure is a developing figure. After it starts to mature, it is in a constantly changingprocess. For this reason, it is important that a teen be refitted every three months. It is im-portant that she be measured by a professionally trained person. Permanent damage to delicatetissue can result if proper support is not provided. Do not be embarrassed to have a fittingbecause the salesperSon will not go into the fitting room with you. She will come in when youask her to check the fit.

Size of Bra To Buy:Size of Bra to Buy: Brassieres are bought by both bust measurement—30, 32, 34, 36 and so

forth—and “cup” size—AA for the very tiny bust, A for small, B for medium, and C for thelarge bust. Some stores carry teenage bras in teen or preteen departments and in the founda-tion wear departments. Be sure to have a professionally trained salesperson help you get theright fit.

0 The cups should be filled out completely.

0 The bra should touch the breastbone in front; when fastened the band should lie low onthe back.

0 The band should not bind or cut into your midriff; nor should the straps cut into theshoulders.

0 The fullest part of the bustline should fall halfway between the elbow and shoulder.

0 The bra should be so comfortable that you are not aware that you have it on—not evenwhen you stretch or twist.

Garter Belts, Girdles, and Pantie Girdles:Garter Belts, Girdles, and Pantie Girdles: Most teens wear garter belts or garter panties for

holding up stockings and for giving a little figure control. Lightweight girdles and pantie girdlesare for teens who need firmer support. These may have wide waistbands to trim the waist or nobands for the slim-waisted figures. Garter belts have the same kind of waist features.Always try on a girdle before you buy it. Sit down and draw your knees up. Stand up and bend

over. If it rides up when you sit down, you may need one that is longer. If it binds or rollsaround the waist, try the next larger size. If this is not comfortable, then try another style.

For more detailed information on foundation garments, ask your leader or agent for thebulletin “Undercover Story for the Girlish Figure,” Club Series 89.

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SHOW YOUR CLOTHES YOU CAREYou have heard it said, “Cleanliness is next to Godliness.” Being clean is very important anda clean body deserves clean clothes.

0 Change your undergarments every day.0 Wear clean socks every day.0 Keep your shoes clean and polished.0 Be sure your clothes are always clean, pressed, repaired, and properly stored.

Care for outer clothes carefully. These should be placed on a hanger as soon as you take themoff. Hang them outside your closet overnight before putting them away. Leave your shoes outalso. This helps to get rid of perspiration. Woolen clothes should be brushed to remove lint anddirt. Dry-clean them or wash the clothes as often as is needed. Do not wear the same clothesday after day. Give them a chance to rest and they will last longer.

Make a Plan:Make a plan for caring for your clothes. A plan will help you think through things you must

do and help you decide when to do them.Your plan may look something like this:

What To Do When To Do It1. Wash socks Before going to bed

Daily 2. Remove spots and stains on Before you put the garment awayclothes

3. Mend tears, buttons As soon as you take the garmentoff

1. Polish shoes Saturday morningWeekly 2. General washing and laundering Saturday or on a specific weekday

afternoon or night

Laundering and Cleaning TipsIf you buy your clothes, be sure that the labels have cleaning instructions. Save and file these

labels and follow these instructions carefully for the best results in cleaning. It is best not tobuy a garment if there is any question of how to care for it. If you buy your fabric and makeyour clothes, study the label to find out if the fabric should be drycleaned, if it is washable andwhether it will shrink. If the fabric is washable, the label should state that the fabric is sanforizedor will not shrink out of fit.Do your washing regularly. If the garments are machine washable:

1. Separate the colored and white clothes and washseparately. This will prevent the colors from bleed-mg.

2. Use the temperature needed for the fiber contentof the garment.

3. When line drying, hang the garments by thestrongest seam—the dress at the waist; skirt ortrousers at the belt. If machine drying, use theproper temperature setting for the fabric.

4. Washable wool or knits as sweaters should belaundered by hand in cold water with special coldwater suds. Hot water may cause shrinkage. Thesegarments need gentle handling.

Pressing and Ironing Hints:Always be sure your ironing board cover is clean. If you have to change covers often, you

will find old sheets make good covers. Tear the cover 12 inches larger than the board, draw ittightly underneath the board and fasten with safety pins.Use the proper iron setting for the fabric you are pressing or ironing. You may substitute

a dry iron for a steam iron if you use a damp cloth over your garments. This should be a lint-free cloth such as cheese cloth.

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Iron dark colored clothes on the wrong side to keep the fabric from shining. Iron double thick-nesses first—as collar, cuffs, sleeves, pockets, etc.For further information on ironing, ask your leader for a copy of the management activity

sheets, “The Easy Way to Iron a Shirt or Shirt-Type Blouse,” 4-H 0-15-10, and “The Iron—ItsUse and Care,” 4-H 0-15-12.

Repairs:Always mend and repair your clothes as soon as they need it. If you keep putting this off, the

hole will soon become so big you may not be able to repair it.Sew on loose buttons, snaps, hooks and eyes when you take the garment off. By doing this, the

garment will be ready the next time you want to wear it. It will also help you prevent losingthe fastener.

Care of Undergarments:

Hygiene and grooming are as important as style and good fit. Girdles, bras, and any garmentsworn against the skin should be washed after every wearing or at least after every two wear-ings. This removes perspiration and body oils which are damaging to the elastic and helps torestore the garment back to shape after a day’s wear.When you shop, be sure and read labels. Follow the manufacturers’ instructions for caring

for your undergarments. However, there are some general rules you should follow. Whether youwash by hand or machine, always use lukewarm water and a mild detergent. If you wash byhand, be sure to rinse three or four times to remove every trace of suds. Zippers and otherfasteners should be closed to prevent snagging the garment. Stubborn spots need special care,and should be scrubbed with a brush. Do not dry in a dryer unless the instructions or label saysyou may. It will help to speed up the drying time if you will carefully squeeze out the excesswater, roll garments in a soft towel to absorb more, and then press gently into shape by hand.Dry them flat, on a towel, or hang over a line. Do not clamp clothespins over the elastic. Mostfoundation garments do not need ironing, although some girls like to press the straps and cupsof cotton bras. Do not iron any elastic parts of the undergarments.

Storage:

Do you have a specific place to hang all your clothes? You need drawer space for sweaters,underwear, socks or hose. You can keep your drawers neater if you use dividers or boxes in thedrawers—a box for your gloves, one for scarves, and a box for other small items. Closet spaceis needed 'for skirts, blouses, dresses, suits, coats, slacks and evening wear. Shelves are good forstoring hats (in boxes), shoes, and other items.There are many types of hanging equipment that make caring for your clothes easier. You

may purchase skirt hangers and blouse hangers that compactly hold several garments. You maypurchase sweater, hat, and plastic shoe boxes, or you may find cardboard boxes which will servethe purpose equally well. You may prefer keeping your shoes on a shoe rack or a shoe bag onthe inside of your closet door.

If you do not have a closet in your room, you may make one by using a corner in your bed-room and placing a screen or curtain around it. You will need to clean out your closet at theend of each season. Discard or repair those clothes that need it, and store out-of-season ones.Be sure clothes are clean before you store them.

Test Yourself

Before leaving this section on wardrobe planning and care, see if you can make a good gradeon this test. Count off 5 points for each question you answered with “no.” If you make 90-100,this is excellent; 80-90, is good; 70—80 is fair; and below 70 means you need much improvement.

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.J‘ 1/

Skin CareSince your body surface is all skin, it is well to think about care of the skin first. You have

two layers of skin. The outer layer is a tough, waterproof covering. The inner layer is made upof oil glands, sweat glands, roots of hair, blood vessels and nerves. Your skin contains two orthree million oil glands. These glands produce an oil that keeps the outer layer of skin soft andsmooth. However, these oily skin secretions collect dirt, bacteria, dead body cells, and odors. Thesweat glands produce sweat or perspiration. This perspiration helps to remove body waste and itaids in keeping the inside of your body clean and healthy.Beauty begins in the bathtub. Since the pores are a means of throwing off body waste, you

need to keep your skin clean. This means your skin needs a thorough sudsing and good rinsingevery day to remove this dust, oil and perspiration from your skin.

There are three different types of baths you can take—tub, shower, or sponge bath. To takea sponge bath, fill the lavatory with warm water. Use a small towel or clean sponge to soapand scrub all over. Start with your face and work down. Then wring a towel out of clean waterand uses it to rinse the body.Be sure that your washcloth and towel are clean—and never let anybody else use them. Your

washcloth and towel should be as private as your toothbrush. Always remember to use plenty ofsoap. Water alone cannot wash away dirt and body oils.

If you are a teen with oily skin, you must keep your face extra clean. You should wash yourface and neck at least three times a day if possible. Pay special attention to the skin of yourforehead, nose and chin since these are the oilest areas of your face.

Another thing you will want to do to insure body cleanliness is to remove unwanted hair fromunder the arms and the legs. So make a habit of shaving at least once a week—more often ifnecessary.

After your bath, use a deodorant under your arms. A bath starts you out fresh and clean anda deodorant helps to keep you that way.You must remember, however, that bathing is not the only thing that gives you a good

complexion. Eating the right kinds of food, drinking plenty of water, and getting the rightamount of sleep all help to keep your skin healthy and good looking.

Hair CareAttractive, clean, shining hair is a young girl’s crowning glory. How does your measure up?

Is it clean and gleaming? Or is it dull and hanging in stringy locks around your face? Are splitends all trimmed away? Your hair must be healthy to look nice. Permanents, straighteningproducts and methods must be used correctly so that your hair doesn’t get hurt. Too muchbleaching or dyeing may cause the hair to break off.Brushing: A good brushing is important to healthy hair. Time spent in daily brushing is timewell spent, because brushing: '

Keeps hair clean longer; removes dustO Massages scalp; keeps hair healthy0 Removes or prevents dandruff0 Distributes oils evenly0 Brings out natural luster

Washing: Wash your hair as soon as it starts to get oily, limp, and stringy. Most hair needsto be shampooed at least once a week. If your hair is oily, it may need shampooing every fewdays. Use plenty of shampoo lather and rinse well. Wash your comb and brush every time youwash your hair.

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Style: The hair style you choose should be suitable to you—your features, your personality,your activities, and your age. The best type hairdo is one you can set and take care of yourself.Before you choose a style, think about your type of hair. Is it hard or easy to manage? Doesthe style you want call for hair with body?

Think about the shape of your face. Pull your hair back and use a mirror to study your faceand its shape. No matter what shape face you have, you can select the right kind of hair styleto soften the “corners” and give it a pretty oval look. For example, wear bangs cut on a slantto balance a square chin. A high forehead can be concealed with bangs. A round face looks wellwith hair drawn up and back. The principles of good design should be applied to hair stylesjust as they are to the selection of clothes.

Don’t be guilty of selecting a hair style just because it’s What everybody is wearing. It’s allright to be in style as long as it looks good on you. Remember too, you want everyone to thinkyour hair always looks nice. So keep your beauty secrets at home—never go out with your hairin rollers or clips.Another good rule to follow is never to comb your hair in public. Grooming tasks are personal

and should be done in private.For additional information on hair care, ask your leader to give you the leaflet entitled “Lovely

Hair.”

Face

Now that you have lovelyhair to frame your face, whatabout the face inside the frame.Even if you have pretty, at-tractive features, they won’tappear pretty if your face isbroken out with acne or pim-ples, your teeth are stained, oryou have a thick mask of make-up. Cleanliness is important formaintaining a pretty complex-ion.Many teen-agers are faced

with the problem of acne. Thisdisease is due to changes thattake place in the body duringthe maturing process. As yougrow older, acne will usually disappear. However, you do not want to have to live with itfor several years. Cleanliness is the best treatment for this condition—cleanliness of skinand hair. Wash your face gently, several times a day with mild soap and water, rinse withalternately hot and cold rinse water, end with cold. Pat your face dry with a clean towel.Frequent cleansing with soap helps to remove bacteria, grease, and oil as they accumulate onthe skin. Shampooing your hair often is recommended because many cases of acne don’timprove until oil, grease, and dandruff on the scalp are removed.Never pick or squeeze pimples or bumps. This will just invite infection and may result inscars. If your case of acne is serious, you will want to see your doctor and he will probablyrecommend medication, diet or other health procedures to follow.

Make-up: How much make-up should you use? A twelve or thirteen year-old can use lipstick,but very gently and well blotted so that her mouth is emphasized just a little. She should avoidlooking like she has just eaten katsup and forgotten to wash her face. A little powder the samecolor as your skin may be used, but don’t use any other make-up. As you grow older, you canuse more make-up such as eye shadow. The reason for cosmetics is to make you look prettier,not to hide your looks. For now, the youthful color in your cheeks and a sparkle in your eyesare your most useful assets.

Hands

Reading the hands is a type of fortune-telling almost anyone can do. It does not take magicalpowers to know that a girl who always has dirty hands or whose fingernails are bitten is usuallycareless about her appearance, and probably her manners. So, don’t be a careless girl but onewho is conscious of her appearance.

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Groomed hands are pretty hands. Your hands should be clean, smooth, and neatly manicured.Nails should be shaped and shortened with an emery board. Round off the end—don’t leave a sharppoint. This breaks easily. Five minutes at the wash basin several times a day can do wondersfor your hands. Dirty hands carry germs which could hurt your health and the health of otherpeople. So wash your hands with as hot water as you can stand. Always use soap. Just wateralone will not get them clean.Rub the soapsuds between your fingers and up over your wrists. Use a sudsy brush to scrub

your fingernails and around your knuckles. Rinse your hands thoroughly and dry with a cleantowel. Damp hands often get chapped or rough. It’s also good to rub on some hand lotion when-ever possible to keep your hands from getting rough. If you do use nail polish, choose colorlessor a light shade because these are fresh and young looking.

Teeth

Your habits of good grooming are not complete until you give the proper care to your teeth.Always brush your teeth every morning and night and after meals if possible. This will help toprevent cavities. ’Be careful that your breath does not offend anyone. This is very important if you eat foods

that contain garlic or onions. Use a mouth wash regularly if you have the problem of bad' breath. If it continues, visit your dentist. You should visit your dentist, anyway, twice a yearfor a regular check-up. By doing this, he can stop trouble as soon as it starts.

‘ Feet

S‘Yroper care of your feet is important. You cannot feel, look, or act your best when your feethurt.Care of Feet: Pay special attention to your feet when you take a bath or shower. Scrub yourfeet with soapsuds. Rinse your feet and wipe them with a clean towel. Be sure to get themvery dry between the toes. If your feet are tired, take an extra foot bath with warm soapywater in a basin, pail, or bathtub.

Cut your toenails straight across so they can’t grow into the skin. If they do, it can causepainful ingrowing toenails.Shoe Size: Be sure you buy the right size shoes. Shoes should extend one-half inch beyond yourbig toes. Your shoes should support the width of your feet without pinching. They should besnug to your heel without rubbing. Since shoe sizes vary with styles, have your feet measuredeach time you buy shoes.High heels are all right for a limited time on special or formal occasions, but for everyday

wear they can harm you. They put a strain on the calf muscles of your legs, on the arches ofyour feet, and on your spine. Completely heelless shoes are almost as bad because most peoplehave become accustomed to shoes with some heel.Care of Shoes: Your shoes need a chance to “rest” and air out. Try to have two pairs of thetype which you wear every day so that you can alternate wearing each pair. This way eachpair will have a “day off” between wearings. For more information on shoe care, ask your leaderfor the leaflet “Take Care of Your Shoes.”

Posture

It does not matter how expensive your clothes are or how pretty the design is, your clotheswill not give you an attractive appearance unless your posture is good.

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You must maintain good posture when you are sitting, standing and walking. Good postureis important not only for a pleasing-appearance but also for good health. When you stand, walkand sit straight, you allow the body organs to have more room and they function better.Bad posture is one of the big problems found in schools today. Much of this bad posture can

be corrected simply by remembering to \hold yourself erect as you stand, sit, and walk. Studythe sketch and keep these points in mind as you try to improve your posture.

Hold shoulders high but relaxed. Hold your head high.

Keep your hips flat. Foundation gar- Hold your chest out:ments will help you some.

Keep your abdomen as flat as possible,Feet should be pointed straight ahead. pulling it up and back.

The weight should be on the ball ofyour foot. Let arms hang loosely from Knees should be relaxed—not locked:the shoulders.

You can have someone check your posture to see if you measure up to these points. Hang aweighted cord from a light fixture and stand beside it as shown. Let this person check to seeif the line formed by the cord passes through your ear, shoulder, center of hip, knee joint andslightly in front of your ankle. If so, you have good body alignment.

If poor posture is caused by some physical defect, you should consult your doctor. The leaflet“Your Personal Appearance” will give you some good pointers for improving your posture.

Modeling

All of us will not be fashion models, but we do need to know some of the little tricks thathelp us show off ourselves and our clothes. Many of you will, however, be modeling in dressrevues and the manual, “4-H’ers Be a Model Everyday” can help you. Ask your leader for acopy of this.

Prepared by Ruby Taylor MillerClothing Specialist

Published byTHE NORTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION SERVICE

North Carolina State University at Raleigh and the U. S. Department of Agriculture, Co-operating. State College Station, Raleigh, N. C., George Hyatt, Jr., Director. Distributed infurtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914.4-67-5M 4-H M-6-9