Rhino Horn identification document to aid South African Police

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  1. 1. Rhino Horn identification document to aid South African Police, Customs officers and Private Security companies based at Ports of Entry. Compiled by Anti- Poaching Intelligence Group Southern Africa. www.antipoachintelligence.co.za e mail antipoachintelligence@gmail.com Not for circulation to members of public. @Copyright Anti-Poaching Intelligence Group Southern Africa
  2. 2. Fresh rhino horn. Base of rhino horn note cream coloured fleshy growth and white coloured centre core
  3. 3. Dehorned rhino. Note colour variation from dark centre core, lighter circle band, and darker colour towards outer circumference of horn. Dried Rhino horns, please compare to fresh recovered rhino on 1st page, colour has changed, but centre core and lighter bands are still visible. Very important note hollow of base of horn, on horn 4th from left. Hollow base is not so visible on 1st horn from left which appears to have been sawed straight through. Note hollow base of recovered poached rhino horn, note grain and growth on outer circumference of horn.
  4. 4. Anti-Poaching Intelligence Group Southern Africa. Rhino horn photographed under UV, Ultra Violet Light showing growth at base, and centre core.
  5. 5. Recovered rhino horns, showing curvature of front horn left. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Recovered rhino horns, Horns 1 & 2 from left , From previously dehorned rhino.
  6. 6. Recovered rhino horn, from rhino calf shot by poachers and left for dead. Horn removed at autopsy. Photo Credit Karen Trendler. Rhino horn recovered from 1 year old rhino calf, shot by poachers. Photo Credit Karen Trendler.
  7. 7. Fresh rhino horn, removed at autopsy. Photo Credit Karen Trendler.
  8. 8. Chipped rhino horn, clearly showing grain, and fibrous composition of rhino horn.
  9. 9. Powdered and chipped rhino horn, note colour Chipped rhino horn.
  10. 10. Close up photo of rhino horn chip note pattern of grain, and colour.
  11. 11. Close up picture of rhino horn chip, note distinctive pattern of grain and colour.
  12. 12. Febrifugal tablets made from powdered rhino horn & antelope horn
  13. 13. Traditional chinese medicine T.C.M. containing powdered rhino horn
  14. 14. T.C.M. Traditional Chinese medicine containing powdered Tiger bones, Lion bones and powdered rhino horn. Slab of cut polished rhino horn note colour, grain.
  15. 15. This manual is assist members of the South African Police, Customs and selected security companies contracted at Airports and other ports of entry, in the identification of rhino horn. Rhino horns and contraband ivory are often found wrapped in silver paper in an attempt to circumvent x-ray screening equipment. Rhino and ivory has also been intercepted in Kenya coated with Cayenne pepper, and sprayed with security pepper spray in an attempt to foil trained ivory and rhino horn dogs. In all cases it failed. Organized crime syndicates are now processing ivory in country of source in an attempt to circumvent detection, ivory bangles, rings statues and chopsticks have been intercepted in South Africa, Kenya and Tanzania. @Copyright Anti-Poaching Intelligence Group Southern Africa. www.antipoachintelligence.co.za e mail antipoachintelligence@gmail.com e mail Head, kdbewick@gmail.com

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