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Research Day Program - 2017/Faculty of Arts and Social Science... · PDF fileResearch Day Program Thursday, May 25th, 2017 The Faculty of Arts and Social Science, alongside the Research

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  • Research Day Program Thursday, May 25th, 2017

    The Faculty of Arts and Social Science, alongside the Research Committee, are proud to host the 2017 Research Day on Thursday, May 25th from 9:30am to 2:30pm in V208. Huron greatly appreciates any and all faculty who are willing to share their 2016-2017 research with the larger community. We encourage staff, students, and faculty to join us throughout the day to learn more about some of Huron facultys latest research projects. Huron supports and encourages faculty to continue their research, as it brings a wealth of knowledge back into our community and classrooms.

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    Faculty of Arts and Social Science Research Day Program Thursday, May 25th | V208

    MORNING SESSION A

    Start Time Research Presentation

    Presenter

    9:30am Infants Can Categorize Singing and Speaking Speaking and singing to infants are both part of normal caregiver-infant social interactions during the first year of life. Singing to infants is a universal caregiving practice, and may be able to regulate infant states, and facilitate bonding and dyadic coordination better than speech. Infant-directed speech and song share many functional and acoustic similarities, such that both utilize words and exploit similar acoustic features. However, adult listeners are easily able to categorize sung stimuli from spoken stimuli. It remains unclear whether infant listeners perceive speech and song as two different stimuli categories. Using previously recorded samples of native speaking Russian and native-speaking English mothers singing and speaking to their infants, we created a two different categories of stimuli in two different languages (i.e., Russian Song and Speech Stimuli/ English Song and Speech Stimuli). We tested another group of 6- to 10-month-old infants (N=66) from English-speaking households in southern Ontario in a head-turn preference paradigm to examine discrimination for speech and song stimuli in Russian and English. The results found that infants listened significantly longer to singing samples compared to spoken samples, regardless of the type of language. These results show that infant listeners are able discriminate and perceptually categorize sung and spoken stimuli, and furthermore, show greater attention to singing over speaking. These findings support the idea that ID-singing is an equally important vocal register as compared to ID-speech to foster communication, learning and well-being during infancy and early childhood.

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    9:45am How Much Do Your Friends Really Drink? The Effects of University

    Students Misperceptions of their Natural Drinking Groups Alcohol

    Consumption on their Own Drinking Over the School Year.

    The objective of this study was to examine the effect of university students misperceptions of their drinking groups alcohol consumption on their own drinking patterns. Participants were 118 Huron students recruited within 27 natural drinking groups (i.e., groups of peers who consume alcohol and attend social drinking events together). Group members completed three identical surveys over the school year, two months apart. They reported on their own heavy episodic drinking (HED; frequency of consuming 5+ drinks for men or 4+ drinks for women in one sitting) and their perception of their group members HED. Results demonstrated that, at baseline, 58% of participants overestimated their groups HED. Further, even after controlling for how much participants groups actually drank, multilevel growth curve modelling demonstrated within-person effects of overestimation on participants own HED: at time points when participants overestimated their groups HED more than usual, their own HED was also higher. Finally, between-person effects revealed that participants with higher average overestimation scores remained relatively stable in their HED. In contrast, participants with lower average overestimation scores decreased significantly in their HED over the school year. Results emphasize the importance of addressing university students misperceptions of peer drinking in prevention and intervention programming.

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    10:00am Is There Any Behaviour Left in Behaviour Therapy? Behaviourists might be forgiven for having concerns that the increasing intrusion of cognitive and mindfulness treatments in behaviour therapy has diluted the fundamentals of this approach. The present research was undertaken to examine this issue. 59 basic textbooks, from 1960 to the present, and which included some reference to behaviour therapy in their titles, were examined. A qualitative analysis of the essential features of behaviour therapy outlined in these texts was then undertaken. In earlier texts, learning approaches were cited as the theoretical basis of behaviour therapy. This was later augmented with cognitive approaches, and still-more-recently by the philosophy of mindfulness, as underlying principles. Throughout, although some texts focused more than others on specific therapeutic approaches, clearly defined and transparent techniques remained an ongoing feature of behaviour therapy. Finally, right up to the present, there has been a strong focus on the importance, regardless of therapeutic technique, of measuring changes in behaviour. These results suggest that behaviourists can rest easy that the basic aims and objectives of behaviour therapy remain largely unchanged, and that the increasing presence of cognitive and mindfulness approaches in behaviour therapy poses little threat to these fundamental principles.

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    10:15am Media Naturalness and the Ability to Predict Generosity in a Give-Some Get-Some Interaction. Evolutionary psychologists believe the human mind evolved to solve adaptive problems present in our ancestral environment. Our hominid ancestors survived in face-to-face groups by assessing the cooperative intentions of other group members. Media naturalness theory postulates face-to-face is the most natural communication medium. This paper reports results from a laboratory experiment examining the ability of student subjects to predict the generosity of a counter-party under two media conditions: Face-to-Face (FtF), the more natural condition; and Video-to-Video (VtV), the less natural, technology-mediated condition. After a five-minute interaction, subjects took part in a give-someget-some exchange and then predicted the generosity of their counter party. Consistent with media naturalness theory, FtF subjects predicted generosity at a frequency greater than chance. Surprisingly, generosity predictions for the VtV condition were not significantly different from chance. Generosity prediction relates to important organizational behaviors such as cooperativeness, trust, and teamwork. Implications and future research opportunities are discussed.

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    10:30am Coffee Break Question Period for Morning Session A Faculty

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    MORNING SESSION B Start Time Research Presentation

    Presenter

    11:00am How the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) Rebel Group Serves the Ugandan Government in the Congolese-Uganda Border Disputes. The Congolese-Ugandan borderland is one that has been riddled with insecurity for the past several decades. Specifically in the Rwenzori area of this borderland, such insecurity has been partly derived from the actions and presence of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) rebel group. The majority of analyses and commentaries on the group including those from the Ugandan government tend to focus upon the groups radical Islamist nature. However, this interpretation of the ADF is one that is politically and economically expedient for Kampala. It is indeed convenient for the Ugandan government to have a (not entirely threatening, nor radical) rebel group in close proximity to its border. Politically, this provides Uganda with a ready-made excuse to enter the DRC; economically, Kampala has found the ADFs (questionable) terrorist links to be a fruitful tool for placing itself within the global war on terror, and thereby acquiring funding from the United States. When attempting to understand not only the ADF, therefore, but also the Rwenzori section of the Congo-Uganda border more generally, there needs to be greater recognition of the policies pursued by Kampala that have in many ways actually ensured the survival of this rebellion.

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    11:15am Allegory and Realism: The Coding and Decoding of Culture in Modern Narrative Forms. This paper presents a brief summary and application of my current research project in literary and cultural theory on the ideas of allegory and realism and their relationship. This project has roots in my graduate work and previous publications, but also in the content of the just completed course English 3771E Allegory and Realism (FW 2016-17). In this paper, I will provide some historical context on the varied ways these terms have been used in the interconnected fields of philosophical aesthetics, literary criticism and cultural studies. I will explain how and why I define each term in a twofold way as a discursive mode and narrative genre. Furthermore, my own research follows the scholarly tradition of periodization in its focused attempt to si