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Reinforce class

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  1. 1. CARTOGRAPHICAL TOOLS
    Cartographical tools are one of the most important tools on Earth. They help us find places. They show us Earth's mountains and oceans.
    There are 4 important cartographical tools:
    MAP
    GLOBE
    PLANE
    WORLDMAP
  2. 2. CARTOGRAPHICAL TOOLS
    WORLDMAP
    PLANE
    MAP
    GLOBE
  3. 3. CARTOGRAPHICAL TOOLS
    To read a map, you need to understand its different parts.
    First part of a map its the TITLE. The title tells you what the map is showing.
    COLOMBIANS MAP
    A COMPASS ROSE helps you find direction. A simple compass rose may look like a star. At the ends of the corners the four CARDINAL DIRECTIONS would be listed. They are north, south, east, and west. The top corner would point to the top of the map, which is north. The bottom corner points south to the bottom of the map.
  4. 4. CARTOGRAPHICAL TOOLS
    The next important part of the map is the symbols. Symbols are the points, lines, and patterns that are listed in the map key. The key is a box located in one of the bottom corners of the map.
  5. 5. CARTOGRAPHICAL TOOLS
    TITLE
    TITLE
    MAP KEY
    COMPASS ROSE AND CARDINAL DIRECTIONS
  6. 6. NATURAL AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPES
    LANDSCAPE IS EVERYTHING AROUND US; TREES, MOUNTAINS, STREETS, ETC. THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF LANDSCAPES:
    CULTURAL LANDSCAPE: IS THE SPACE THAT HAD BEEN TRANSFORMED BY HUMANS
    NATURAL LANDSCAPE: IS THE SPACE THAT HASNT BEEN TRANSFORMED BY HUMANS
  7. 7. NATURAL AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPES
    CULTURAL LANDSCAPE
    NATURAL LANDSCAPE
    MAIN USES OF THE SOIL
  8. 8. COLOMBIANS NATURAL REGIONS
    Because of its natural structure, Colombia is divided into five natural regions. These consist of the Andean region, covering the three branches of the Andes mountains in Colombia; the Caribbean region, covering the area adjacent to the Caribbean sea; the Pacific region adjacent to the Pacific Ocean; the Orinoquia region, part of the Llanos plains mainly in the Orinoco river basin along the border with Venezuela; and the Amazon region, part of the Amazon rainforest
  9. 9. COLOMBIANS NATURAL REGIONS
    CARIBBEAN
    ORINOQUIA
    PACIFIC
    ANDEAN
    AMAZON
  10. 10. COLOMBIANS DEPARTMENTS
    Colombia isdividedinto 32 departments
  11. 11. ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS
    Environmentalhazards are thoserisksthatwe can livebecause of thenature. We can findmanydifferenthazardslike:
    EARTHQUAKE
    HURICANE
    TREMOR
    TSUNAMI
    FLOOD

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