Rehabilitation Nursing Chapter 39 Mosby items and derived items © 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc

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  • Rehabilitation Nursing Chapter 39 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc.
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  • Slide 2 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation. restoring the individual to the fullest physical, mental, social, vocational, and economic capacity of which he or she is capable
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  • Slide 3 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation Relearning of former skills; learning new skills necessary to adapt and live fully in an altered lifestyle Must begin from the very onset of a traumatic event or diagnosis of a chronic illness Every aspect of the individuals needs and care assessed and addressed
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  • Slide 4 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Issues in Rehabilitation Quality of Life versus Quantity of Life Rehabilitation focuses on continually improving the quality of the persons life, not merely maintaining life itself. Care versus Cure Many conditions are irreversible; therefore, the focus of care is related to adaptation and acceptance of an altered life rather than to resolving an illness.
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  • Slide 5 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Issues in Rehabilitation High Cost of Interdisciplinary Care (with many professional team members MD, Physical Therapist, etc.) versus Long-term Care Rehabilitation is expensive. Success is sometimes seen as a return to productive employment; if the individual becomes sufficiently independent that no caregiver is required.
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  • Slide 6 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Who needs rehab? 5 key areas Impairment Any loss or abnormality of psychologic, physical, or anatomic structure or function Disability Any restriction or lack of an ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being Handicap Impairment or disability that limits or prevents fulfillment of a role that is normal for that particular individual
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  • Slide 7 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Who Needs Rehab? Functional limitation Any loss of ability to perform tasks and obligations of usual roles and normal daily life Chronic illness An irreversible disease state
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  • Slide 8 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Goals of Rehabilitation Maximize the quality of life of the individual Address the individuals specific needs Assist with adjusting to an altered lifestyle Promoting wellness and minimizing complications Attaining the highest degree of function and self-sufficiency possible Assist the individual to return to home and community
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  • Slide 9 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Cornerstones of Rehabilitation Individually centered Community reentry Independence Functional ability Team approach Quality of life Prevention and wellness Change process Adaptation Patient/family education
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  • Slide 10 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation Team Patient Psychiatrist Rehab RN Physical Therapist Occupational Therapist Speech Therapist Recreational Therapist Clinical Psychologist
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  • Slide 11 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation Team Rehabilitation Nurse broad knowledge base of pathophysiology of a wide range of medical-surgical conditions highly specialized knowledge and skills regarding rehabilitation Specialized training in rehab Practices in a variety of settings
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  • Slide 12 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation Nurse The nurse is the 24 hour reinforcement to the patient for all the team members for example the nurse encourages what the patient has learned in their 1 hour PT session, or session with OT
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  • Slide 13 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Rehabilitation Team Comprehensive Rehabilitation Plan Initiated within 24 hours of admission and ready for review and revision by the team within 3 days of admission for each individual. The plan is developed based on the results of the interdisciplinary admission assessment. All clinicians treating the patient will use this comprehensive plan of care.
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  • Slide 14 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Patient Education Crucial for the rehabilitation process to be comprehensive An ongoing and integral process for patients and families build knowledge, skills, and confidence to regain physical and psychosocial functioning following an illness or injury
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  • Slide 15 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Patient Education Nursing Process! Assess the patient's and familys needs, abilities, and concerns. Plan interventions based on these needs, abilities, and concerns. Implement the educational plan. Evaluate the educational plan. Review the educational plan.
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  • Slide 16 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Pediatric Rehabilitation Nursing Improved survival rate for illnesses & injuries that were once fatal led to the increase of Pediatric Rehab Nursing Primary difference with Pediatric Rehab and the rehabilitation of adults is the developmental potential for the child
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  • Slide 17 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Gerontologic Rehabilitation Nursing This specialty practice focuses on the unique requirements of older adult rehabilitation patients. The main goal is to assist older adult patients in achieving their personal optimal level of health and well-being by providing holistic care in a therapeutic environment.
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  • Slide 18 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Polytrauma Soldiers wounded in conflicts Also known as polytrauma-blast related injury (PT/BRI) Four categories Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary
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  • Slide 19 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Polytrauma Primary compression damage from blast to airfilled cavities (head) Secondary airborne debris, sharpnel Tertiary- thrown from shock of the explosion (fractures, spinal cord injury) Quaternary inhalation of chemicals from the blast
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  • Slide 20 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Polytrauma Treat ALL injuries to the patient - not just the visible ones
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  • Slide 21 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. PTSD
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  • Slide 22 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) First identified in 1980 Goal is patient empowerment and regaining control over symptoms Previously known as shell shock or war neurosis Now applies to various forms of traumas Natural disasters Rape
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  • Slide 23 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Disabling Disorders Spinal Cord Injuries These injuries occur mainly as a result of traumatic accident, and the individuals paralyzed are primarily young males. Functional abilities are related to injury level and extent of damage to the spinal cord; the higher the injury point, the higher the level and loss of function. Injury to the spinal cord is irreversible in that the cord is unable to repair itself.
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  • Slide 24 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Spinal Cord
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  • Slide 25 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Spinal cord injuries handout pg 1215 Complete no motor/sensory function below level of injury Incomplete some/all motor or sensory function below level of injury Quadriplegia (Hemi) damage to cervical spine weakness or paralysis in all four extremities
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  • Slide 26 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Spinal cord injuries Paraplegia damage below the cervical area that involves weakness or paralysis in the trunk and lower extremities Paresis a slight paralysis, incomplete loss of muscular power or weakness of a limb
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  • Slide 27 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Spinal Cord Injuries
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  • Slide 28 Mosby items and derived items 2011, 2007 by Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier Inc. Spinal Cord Injuries - Medical Complications Postural hypotension drop in blood pressure whi

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