REDD Plus Initiatives in India

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Dr. J V Sharma IFS. REDD Plus Initiatives in India. What is REDD Plus?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Dr. J V Sharma IFS</p></li><li><p>REDD Plus is a financial incentive mechanism for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation, plus signifying positive elements of conservation, SFM, and enhancing carbon stock through afforestation &amp; reforestation, with the potential of sustaining livelihood of Forest Dependent Communities (FDCs), maintenance of ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation with safeguards of people living in and around forests (their rights, governance, and sustainable livelihood).</p></li><li><p>India has 1210 million human population (2011 census) [population density 382 per sq. km up from 264 in 1991 &amp; 325 in 2011]464 million livestock (excluding Poultry).21.8% population is below poverty line and more than 273 million people have dependence on forests for their livelihood and some for subsistence needs Forest cover is 21.05% &amp; Tree Outside Forests is 2.76% of GA. In spite of vast pressure - forest cover has stabilized for last decade Total Growing Stock both in forests and TOF is 6047.158 Million M3 (4498.427 M M3 Forests &amp; 1548.427 M M3 TOF)</p></li><li><p>Conservation Oriented Forest Management Under NFP 1988 India has strong legal regime Indian Forest Act,1927; Forest Conservation Act,1980; Wild Life Protection Act,1972; Forest Right Act, 2006; Environment Protection act,1986; Biological Diversity Act, 2002; State Forest Acts, Regulations for trees out side forests and forest based industries and Judicial Decisions and Institutional Mechanism to implement National Forest Policy,1988Community Participation - Joint Forest Management on the principals of care &amp; share. (More than 22 Million Ha. By more than 1.2 lakh committees)TOF meet around 50% wood demand , 15-20 % from Natural forests and 30-35% from Import.</p></li><li><p>Forest Carbon (AGB,BGB , Soil Carbon, Dead wood and Litter) of Indian Forests was 6071 MT in 1994 and 6288 MTC in 2004Forests in India are primarily environmental and social resource, only secondarily as commercial resourceThe Prime Objective of NFP,1988 is ecological security of Nation and other objective of NFP is subordinate to Prime objectiveLocal people, particularly tribals have first charge on forests for their livelihood and sustenance need</p></li><li><p>+ has been initiated by India at UNFCCCStatus Paper on REDD+ by MOEFREDD+ Cell in MOEFNational Level Consultation on preparedness of REDD+ jointly by MOEF and TERINational Level Consultation on International architecture on REDD+ jointly by MOEF and TERI</p></li><li><p>International consultation on International on Architecture on REDD+ and its Relevance to developing Countries during COP-11 of CBD jointly by TERI and MOEFInternational Consultation on South Asian Perspectives of REDD+ during DSDS, 2013 jointly by TERI,MOEF and ICIMODRegional Consultation on preparedness of REDD+ at Banglore jointly organized by TERI,MOEF and KFD</p></li><li><p>Regional Consultation on preparedness of REDD+ at Kohima, jointly organized by TERI,MOEF and NFDRegional Consultation on preparedness of REDD+ at Bhopal jointly organized by TERI,MOEF and MPFDRegional Consultation on preparedness of REDD+ at Agra jointly organized by TERI,MOEF and UPFDVillage level consultation at Renukoot, Chindwara, Angul, Tehri,Sundarbans and Kohima by TERI and SFDsState Level Consultation in Odisha by TERI and MOEF</p></li><li><p>Expert Committee for preparation of reference document and Strategy for REDD+ in India by MOEF under the chairmanship of Dr. Jagdish KishwanREDD+ cell established by IGNFA under the chairman ship of Dr. Jagdish KishwanInitiatives has been taken by ICFRE and some of the state governments like Nagaland, MP and Karnataka</p></li><li><p>Objectives:Reducing emissions from land use, including deforestation: cooperation on forests and land use, including reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and enhanced sequestration, through afforestation, conservation and sustainable management of forests.Expected Outcomes: Improved tools, methods and approaches developed and deployed for taking REDD+ actions to scale. Forest-PLUS will: accelerate Indias transition to a low emissions economy by taking REDD+ actions to scale. support Green India Mission and REDD+ activities. actively engage with communities and local governments in supporting REDD+ activities. </p></li><li><p>Task 1: Develop tools, techniques and methods for better ecosystem management and to increase carbon sequestration.Task 2 : Develop improved methods to establish carbon inventory and reference baselines.Task 3: Analyze social and economic incentives for promoting REDD+ policy and practice.</p></li><li><p>Task1: Establish government and stakeholder dialogue and communication processes.Task2 : Engage stakeholders constructively in REDD+ implementation.Task3: Human and institutional capacity development and strengthening of enabling environment. </p></li><li><p>POLICY BRIEF ,PROCEEDINGS AND REPORTPOLICY BRIEFPolicy Brief on International Architecture on REDD+Policy Brief on Institutional Mechanism on REDD+ in IndiaProceedings of Side Event on International Architecture on REDD+ and its Relevance to developing countries during COP-11 of CBDReport on International Architecture on REDD+ and its relevance to India</p></li><li><p>Discussions and consultations lead to identification of many issues:Unresolved issues of Definition of Sustainable Management of Forests, Baseline, MRVIn India, Sustainable Management of Forests is synonymous with Sustainable Forest ManagementDetermination of baseline at 1990 or laterFor MRV- GoI should identify a lead agency or verification of carbonFor MRV- reporting should be carried out through the state government to GoIFor MRV- Monitoring by 3rd party designated by GoICapacity building of Forest Departments, communities w.r.t. MRVProposed an institutional arrangement after consultations and discussions </p></li><li><p>Institutional Arrangement</p></li><li><p>A book on "Sustainable Forest Management and REDD+ in India launched during TERIs flagship event Delhi Sustainable Development Summit 2013</p></li><li><p>Forest Governance: JFMC a sub-committee of Garma SabhaGram Sabha a centric Body where CFR under FRA recognizedRole of Women in decision making where pre-existing Community Based forest GovernanceRole of FD Technical, Monitoring and enforcement of Legislations (Regulatory) Project design:Small Scale at JFMC /Gram Sabha levelFive Pool of carbon (AGB, BGB, Litter, dead wood and Soil Carbon) Low Transaction Cost Simple methodology for carbon assessment which should be validated with GIS Technology</p></li><li><p> Financing:Fund-Based Mechanism initially Exploring Voluntary MarketNational Level schemes /Funding Mechanism such as GIM, CAMPA ,EAPs and Finance Commission may be used for compensating conservation efforts of community by way of carbon Ecosystem Services:Carbon sequestration is just like other ecosystem service and it is treated as co-benefit , other services and biodiversity conservation are key benefits</p></li><li><p>Capacity Building:Capacity building of forest department officials and communityCapacity building of other departments related to rural developmentGenerating awareness among officials of other line departments.Livelihood:Livelihood Based on sustainable harvest Un-sustainable harvest must be substituted with alternate means of employment and opportunities</p></li><li><p>Recognition of Forest Principles</p><p>Decentralized Forest Governance</p><p>Protection of Rights of Forest dependent Communities</p><p>Sustainable Livelihood and Poverty Reduction</p></li><li><p>Avoid adverse impact on non-forest ecosystemsProtection of Natural Forests from degradationLow carbon and climate resilient sustainable developmentMaintenance of Ecosystem services and Biodiversity Conservation </p></li><li><p>Undertaking a comprehensive assessment for designing a REDD Plus project at the field level</p><p>Five pilot projects in Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal for designing REDD+ Project was conductedVillage Level Consultations conducted at Garhdarwa village, Sonbhadra District of UP State, Jereng Village in Angul District of Odisha, Jharkhali and Bakkhali villages in Sundarbans, 24 Parganas District of West Bengal, Suva Kholi village in Tehri District of Uttrakhand and Delakhari village in Chindwara District of MP State. Socio-economic survey completed in all the pilot sitesCarbon assessment has been completed in UP, MP, Uttrakhand and Odisha States, while it is under process in West Bengal, Considering five pools of carbonAnalysis of Socio-economic survey in UK, MP, UP and Odisha has been completedAnalysis of biomass data through GIS Remote sensing technology is completed except Sundarban site </p></li><li><p>Assessment of actual harvest of forest produce (fuelwood, fodder and minor forest produce)Quantification of sustainable harvestAssessment of unsustainable harvest and leakagesUnsustainable harvest is largely due to unemployment/ lack of livelihoods/ severe poverty Identification of options for the substitution of dependence on forest through alternative livelihood from sectors other than forest with the activities such as poultry, tasar cultivation, lac and MNREGA</p></li><li><p>Establishment of simple methodology for biomass assessment5 pools of carbon(AGB, BGB, Soil Carbon, Dead Wood, Leaf Litter)In mangrove forests, we are thinking to add 6th pool of carbon i.e. PhytoplanktonsBiomass asessment has been completed in four sites except SundarbansBiomass in comparison to 1990 has been enhanced with the conservation efforts of the community in Renukoot, Angul, Chiandwara and Reduce in case of MussoorieProject should be small scale i.e. JFMC/Village levelBaseline for carbon estimation should be 1990</p></li><li><p>Establishment of simple methodology for biomass assessment5 pools of carbon(AGB, BGB, Soil Carbon, Dead Wood, Leaf Litter)In mangrove forests, we are thinking to add 6th pool of carbon i.e. PhytoplanktonsBiomass asessment has been completed in four sites except SundarbansBiomass in comparison to 1990 has been enhanced with the conservation efforts of the community in Renukoot, Angul, Chiandwara and Reduce in case of MussoorieProject should be small scale i.e. JFMC/Village levelBaseline for carbon estimation should be 1990</p></li><li><p>Biomass estimation (1990 and 2012)Change (t/ha)</p><p>Chart1</p><p>144.65158.81614.166</p><p>104.874194.32589.451</p><p>70.412123.70153.29</p><p>306.225303.53-2.695</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>AGTB</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>19902012ChangeSiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul238.89262.28523.395Angul29.712CO2</p><p>Chindwara173.2320.928147.728Chindwara187.615</p><p>Renukoot116.285204.29388.008Renukoot111.77</p><p>Mussoorie505.731501.28-4.451Mussoorie-5.653</p><p>19902012Change</p><p>Angul64.570.8176.317</p><p>Chindwara46.76486.65139.887</p><p>Renukoot31.39755.15923.762</p><p>Mussoorie136.547135.346-1.202</p><p>DeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul4.846.11</p><p>Chindwara5.245.15</p><p>Renukoot4.384.24</p><p>Mussoorie2.883.69</p><p>SiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul0</p><p>Chindwara0</p><p>Renukoot0</p><p>Mussoorie0</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>BGT CO2 eq</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood and leaf litter CO2 eq (2012)</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31- 45 cm depth</p><p>ACRMACRMACRM</p><p>22.3522.4131.1946.213.6114.7527.6212.1817.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>13.6114.7527.6212.18</p><p>17.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>Site0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31-45 cm depth</p><p>Angul22.3513.6117.17</p><p>Chindwara22.4114.7518.14</p><p>Renukoot31.1927.629.48</p><p>Mussourie46.212.1825.14</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul144.65158.81614.166</p><p>Chindwara104.874194.32589.451</p><p>Renukoot70.412123.70153.29</p><p>Mussoorie306.225303.53-2.695</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul39.05642.883.825</p><p>Chindwara28.31652.46824.152</p><p>Renukoot19.01133.39914.388</p><p>Mussoorie82.68181.953-0.728</p><p>SiteDeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul2.933.7</p><p>Chindwara3.173.12</p><p>Renukoot2.652.57</p><p>Mussoorie1.752.23</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Chart1</p><p>39.05642.883.825</p><p>28.31652.46824.152</p><p>19.01133.39914.388</p><p>82.68181.953-0.728</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>BGTB</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>19902012ChangeSiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul238.89262.28523.395Angul29.712CO2</p><p>Chindwara173.2320.928147.728Chindwara187.615</p><p>Renukoot116.285204.29388.008Renukoot111.77</p><p>Mussoorie505.731501.28-4.451Mussoorie-5.653</p><p>19902012Change</p><p>Angul64.570.8176.317</p><p>Chindwara46.76486.65139.887</p><p>Renukoot31.39755.15923.762</p><p>Mussoorie136.547135.346-1.202</p><p>DeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul4.846.11</p><p>Chindwara5.245.15</p><p>Renukoot4.384.24</p><p>Mussoorie2.883.69</p><p>SiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul0</p><p>Chindwara0</p><p>Renukoot0</p><p>Mussoorie0</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>BGT CO2 eq</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood and leaf litter CO2 eq (2012)</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31- 45 cm depth</p><p>ACRMACRMACRM</p><p>22.3522.4131.1946.213.6114.7527.6212.1817.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>13.6114.7527.6212.18</p><p>17.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>Site0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31-45 cm depth</p><p>Angul22.3513.6117.17</p><p>Chindwara22.4114.7518.14</p><p>Renukoot31.1927.629.48</p><p>Mussourie46.212.1825.14</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul144.65158.81614.166</p><p>Chindwara104.874194.32589.451</p><p>Renukoot70.412123.70153.29</p><p>Mussoorie306.225303.53-2.695</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul39.05642.883.825</p><p>Chindwara28.31652.46824.152</p><p>Renukoot19.01133.39914.388</p><p>Mussoorie82.68181.953-0.728</p><p>SiteDeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul2.933.7</p><p>Chindwara3.173.12</p><p>Renukoot2.652.57</p><p>Mussoorie1.752.23</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Chart1</p><p>2.933.7</p><p>3.173.12</p><p>2.652.57</p><p>1.752.23</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>19902012ChangeSiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul238.89262.28523.395Angul29.712CO2</p><p>Chindwara173.2320.928147.728Chindwara187.615</p><p>Renukoot116.285204.29388.008Renukoot111.77</p><p>Mussoorie505.731501.28-4.451Mussoorie-5.653</p><p>19902012Change</p><p>Angul64.570.8176.317</p><p>Chindwara46.76486.65139.887</p><p>Renukoot31.39755.15923.762</p><p>Mussoorie136.547135.346-1.202</p><p>DeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul4.846.11</p><p>Chindwara5.245.15</p><p>Renukoot4.384.24</p><p>Mussoorie2.883.69</p><p>SiteChange CO2 eq (t/ha)</p><p>Angul0</p><p>Chindwara0</p><p>Renukoot0</p><p>Mussoorie0</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>BGT CO2 eq</p><p>Sheet2</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood and leaf litter CO2 eq (2012)</p><p>Sheet3</p><p>0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31- 45 cm depth</p><p>ACRMACRMACRM</p><p>22.3522.4131.1946.213.6114.7527.6212.1817.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>13.6114.7527.6212.18</p><p>17.1718.149.4825.14</p><p>Site0-15 cm depth16-30 cm depth31-45 cm depth</p><p>Angul22.3513.6117.17</p><p>Chindwara22.4114.7518.14</p><p>Renukoot31.1927.629.48</p><p>Mussourie46.212.1825.14</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul144.65158.81614.166</p><p>Chindwara104.874194.32589.451</p><p>Renukoot70.412123.70153.29</p><p>Mussoorie306.225303.53-2.695</p><p>Site19902012Change</p><p>Angul39.05642.883.825</p><p>Chindwara28.31652.46824.152</p><p>Renukoot19.01133.39914.388</p><p>Mussoorie82.68181.953-0.728</p><p>SiteDeadwoodLeaf litter</p><p>Angul2.933.7</p><p>Chindwara3.173.12</p><p>Renukoot2.652.57</p><p>Mussoorie1.752.23</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>1990</p><p>2012</p><p>Change</p><p>t/ha</p><p>Deadwood</p><p>Leaf litter</p><p>t/ha</p></li><li><p>Harvest - Sustainable/Unsustainable Fodder Total Harvest: 320T/ySustainable Limit: 117T/yUnsustainable harvest: 203T/y</p><p>Fuel woodTotal harvest: 146T/ySustainable Limit: 77T/yUnsustainable harvest: 69T/y</p><p>Unsustainable harvest is being substituted by Natural/Non-Natural/Forest Resource Based Livelihood</p></li><li><p>Enhancing &amp; strengthening the forestry based livelihood practices such as tasar and lac culture Lac culture practice saves the beutea trees- a representative of degraded forests Raising tasar plantations on land vulnerable to encroachment has saved the land Poultry FarmingMANREGAWith the help of SHGs</p></li><li><p>Natural resource Based LivelihoodRural Development Schemes such as M...</p></li></ul>

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