CARTE DE LAFRIQUECARTE DU SENEGAL INTEGREE
CARTE DU SENEGAL LION
PAYS DE LA TERANGA
TABLE DES MATIERES
EMBLEM of SENEGAL
WE NEED YOU NO ONE ELSE
SENEGAL IN WORDS AND PICTURES
ABOUT AIESEC LC CESAG
GOOD TO KNOW
WHAT WE DO AND HOW WE DO IT
LC CESAG BOOKLET
SENEGAL IN WORDS AND PICTURES
GEOGRAPHYLand area: 74,131 sq mi(191,999 sq km); total area:75,749 sq mi (196,190 sq km)
The capital of Senegal, Dakar,is the westernmost point inAfrica. The country, slightlysmaller than South Dakota,surrounds Gambia on threesides and is bordered on thenorth by Mauritania, on theeast by Mali, and on thesouth by Guinea and Guinea-Bissau.Senegal is mainly a low-lyingcountry, with a semi desertarea in the north andnortheast and forests in thesouthwest. The largest riversinclude the Senegal in thenorth and the Casamance inthe southern tropical climateregion.
POPULATIONSenegal ended 2012 with apopulation of 13,726,021people, which represents anincrease of 395,284 peoplecompared to 2011.
Senegal is no. 71 among the 182countries which published thisinformation in DatosMacro.com.
The female population isgreater, with 6,998,849 women,representing 50.98% of thetotal, compared to 6,727,172 or49.01% men.
Senegal shows a moderatepopulation density, with 70people per square km and it wasin position 84th in our rankingof density population in 2012 .
POLITICSPolitics of Senegal takes place in aframework of a semi-presidential, liberaldemocratic republic, whereby thePresident of Senegal is the head of stateand the Prime Minister of Senegal thehead of government. Executive power isexercised by the government. Legislativepower is vested in both the governmentand parliament. The Judiciary isindependent of the executive and thelegislature. Senegal is one of the fewAfrican states that has never experienceda coup d'tat. Lopold Senghor, the firstpresident after independence, resignedin favor of his Prime Minister, AbdouDiouf in 1981. The present president,Abdoulaye Wade, was elected in fullydemocratic elections in March 2000.Senegal has a reputation fortransparency in government operations.The level of economic corruption thathas damaged the development of theeconomies in other parts of the world isvery low. Today Senegal has a democraticpolitical culture, being part of one of themost successful democratic transitions inAfrica.
The Tukolor settled in the Senegal River valley in the 9th cent., and during the period from the 10th to 14th cent. their strong state of Tekrur dominated the valley. The Tukolor were converted to Islam and in the mid-11th cent. a group of them participated in establishing the Almoravid state, centered in Morocco. In the 14th cent. the Mali empire expanded westward from the region of the upper Niger River and conquered Tekrur. In the 15th cent. the Wolof established the Jolof empire in the region between the Senegal and the Sin rivers. Jolof was made up of a number of states (including Wolof, Cayor, Baol, and Walo); internal rivalries led to its breakup in the 17th cent. After centuries of colonization, Senegal gains its independence from France in 1960. Since then, 4 Presidents leaded the country.
o From left to right1st President Lopold Sedar Senghor
2nd President Abdou Diouf with his wife3rd and 4th President Abdoulaye Wade and Macky Sall
Obama visiting Maison des esclaves in Gore Island in Senegal
There are over ten ethnic groups in Senegal, five arepredominant. The largest group is the Wolof who clusterin the northwest and centre of the country. The HalPularen group reside along the middle valley of theSenegal River, the upper valley of the Casamance River,and in the centre. The Joola live mainly in the lowerCasamance valley. The Manding live in the middleCasamance valley. There is a small Lebanese minoritywho are generally merchants.The vast majority of the population is Muslim, withsmall minorities following animist beliefs or RomanCatholicism or other Christian faiths. Many combine aformal religion with animist beliefs, practices, andceremonies.The Senegal is a country rich in musical values and thenumber of occasions that are used to gather around the"griots" or clapping your hands and sway your hips inrhythm delights a public often very numerous. Eachethical group has his music and his instruments that aretheir own.
ART & CRAFT
There is a large variety of Senegalese Art and Craft products including jewellery, clothes, basket weaving and musical instruments. Underglass Painting is one of the
oldest Senegalese arts. It is very popular in the towns and even in
rural areas the painting reproduces daily scenes of life Just
as in Naif Art. Sand painting is one of the most
popular arts of Senegal. The technique is strictly based on the use of local raw material (sand of
the dune, beach sand, volcano sands etc). The designs are
English French Wolof
How are you?
What is your name?
My name is...
I come from...
How much does this cost?
That's too expensive.
You are beautiful
I'm lost.I don't understand Wolof.
Je vais bien.
Comment tu t'appelles?
Je suis de...
Combien a cote?
C'est trop cher.
Tu est beau (belle).
Je suis perdu(e). Je ne comprend pas le wolof.
Mangi fi rek.
Mangi deka fi...
Cher na trop.
Dama rere. Degouma ouolof.
Official language is French. English is learnt at school.
Main meals often consist of rice dishes. Couscous and millet also form the basis of
many dishes, with protein provided by meat, peanuts or fish.
The favourite national dish is thiboudienne, chunks of fish stuffed with herbs,
served on a bed of rice and vegetables. Another popular meal is yassa poulet,
grilled chicken marinated in an onion and lemon sauce.
One of the most common drinks is bissap, which is made from hibiscus, sugar and
water. Ginger juice (gingembre in French) is also popular, as is bouyi, a thick
sugary drink made from the fruit of the baobab.
Senegal has it all: it is one the most beautiful countries of the
West African coast. Most tourists come for the regions exceptional
weathermore than three thousand hours of sunlight per
yearand dazzling, sparsely populated beaches. But Senegal
also offers a broad variety of crafts and textiles, and the
countrys six major game parks and reserves have great
opportunities for hunting, bird watching, and ecotourism.
The Senegalese capital, Dakar, is known for its nightlife, and the country boasts one of Africas
most varied music scenes. French jazz, American funk and hip-hop, and percussion-based genres all
thrive in the country, and Senegals many musical exports include Youssou NDour, Daara J,
Alioune BadaraTHIAM - AKON
DAARA J FAMILY
OUR WRESTLERS BALLA GUEYE 2 VS BOMBARDIER
Senegals beaches are among the most photographed in the
world and are not to be missed. Some of the best (and most popular) beaches near Dakar are the ones on the le NGor and Toubab Dialao, a
site famous for its stunning red cliffs. Beaches farther south of Dakar are generally larger and less crowded, the Petite Cte spanning over 94 miles (151 kilometers.) The Casamance
region is known for its beaches as well, and the region is
welcoming to tourists. Resorts in the city of Saly, near Mbour, offer a variety of water sports, including jet skiing and scuba
Gore Island: An important stop on the slave transport route from the 16th to the
mid-19th century, the island is a short ferry ride
from Dakar. It has a number of historic forts, houses, and museums, including La Maison des
Esclaves, where visitors can see where slaves and their traders lived while waiting
to be transported to the New World. Despite its unpleasant history, the island is known for its
beautiful Mediterranean architecture, and many
travelers find in the le de Gore a welcome respite
from the hustle and bustle of Dakar.
Le Monument de la Renaissance Africaine, a $27 million dollar solid copper statue, the tallest in the world! An elevator will take you to the top for a full
view of the city and terrific pictures of the surrounding areas.
Lac Rose: Also known as the Pink Lake, this shallow,
salty lake is one of Senegals most popular tourist destinations. On sunny days, the water
appears bright pink, owing to the waters high salt
content. Tourists are welcome to swim in the lakes warm waters or
watch the local salt traders scrape salt from the lakes
bottom by hand. Some inns offer horseback riding
in the area.
Despite everything Senegal has to offer, you could easily schedule
your entire trip within Dakar, the countrys capital, which has a popul