Project Implementation Report:
Oddar Meanchey Community Forestry REDD+ Project
Climate, Community & Biodiversity Standard
The Forestry Administration of the Royal Government of Cambodia
VERIFICATION PERIOD: February 28, 2008 February 28, 2012
Version 5-0 August 26, 2013
Table of Contents
1 INTRODUCTION & ORIGINAL CONDITIONS IN THE PROJECT AREA 3
2 OVERVIEW OF MONITORING PLAN 5
2.1 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF PROJECT PARTNERS 5
3 MONITORING DATA COLLECTION, STORAGE AND REPORTING 6
4 DRIVERS OF DEFORESTATION IDENTIFIED DURING MONITORING PERIOD 8
5 IMPLEMENTATION STATUS OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES 13
5.1 REINFORCING LAND TENURE 13
5.2 LAND-USE PLANS 16
5.3 FOREST PROTECTION 21
5.4 FUEL EFFICIENT STOVES 26
5.5 LIVESTOCK PROTECTION 26
5.6 AGRICULTURAL INTENSIFICATION 27
5.7 NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT PROJECTS 28
5.8 NTFP DEVELOPMENT 28
5.9 FIRE PREVENTION 29
6 CLIMATE IMPACT MONITORING 30
6.1 NET POSITIVE CLIMATE IMPACTS AND OFFSITE CLIMATE IMPACTS 30
6.2 CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION BENEFITS 35
7 COMMUNITY IMPACT MONITORING 37
7.1 NET POSITIVE COMMUNITY IMPACTS 43
7.2 ASSESSMENT OF NEGATIVE OFFSITE STAKEHOLDER IMPACTS 44
7.3 EXCEPTIONAL COMMUNITY BENEFITS 45
8 BIODIVERSITY IMPACT MONITORING 50
8.1 NET POSITIVE BIODIVERSITY IMPACTS 50
8.2 OFFSITE BIODIVERSITY IMPACTS 53
8.3 EXCEPTIONAL BIODIVERSITY IMPACTS 54
1 Introduction & Original Conditions in the Project Area
This Project Implementation Report (PIR) has been prepared by Terra Global Capital and Pact
with support from the Forestry Administration of the Royal Government of Cambodia for the
first monitoring period (February 28, 2008- February 28, 2012) of the Oddar Meanchey REDD
Project. This PIR summarizes the monitoring information related to implementation of project
activities and associated climate, community and biodiversity collected during the first
monitoring period. A monitoring plan has been prepared according to the requirements of the
CCB standards, and has been used as the basis for collection of information for this PIR. The CCB
PDD contains all information related to the overall climate, community and biodiversity
objectives of the project and should be referred to as the primary resource for such
information, much of which has not been replicated in this document.
The project is being implemented by the Forestry Administration of the Royal Government of
Cambodia, along with Pact, Terra Global Capital, Childrens Development Association, and
Monks Community Forestry Association, with funding support provided by The John D. and
Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Danida/DfID/NZAID, US State Department, the Clinton
Climate Initiative, Pact, Terra Global Capital, JICA, and the United Nations Development
This project supports sustainable forest management and livelihood development in Oddar
Meanchey Province by implementing project activities financed through the sale of carbon
credits generated from forest protection and regeneration. The project has secured legal land
tenure for each of the 13 Community Forest groups involved in the project, and is
implementing activities that will create a 30-year income stream to directly enhance household
livelihoods and natural resource management capacity. The project has implemented activities
that seek to maintain and increase carbon stocks in these areas and conserve biodiversity.
The original conditions of the project area are described in detail in Section G1 of the CCB PDD
for the project, available publically on the CCB website. A brief summary of the original
conditions in the project area follows.
The Royal Government of Cambodia and the Forestry Administration, along with Terra Global
Capital, Pact Cambodia and Community Forestry International have developed the first
Cambodian Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) project. The
project involves 13 Community Forestry Groups, comprised of 58 villages, which protect a
56,050 hectare project area within a total of 63,831 hectares of Community Forests in the
Northwestern province of Oddar Meanchey.
The Oddar Meanchey Province provides an ideal site for the development of a REDD project.
The provinces forests have been under intense pressure from commercial and illegal logging,
forest fire, economic land concessions and encroachment. Oddar Meanchey has lost 2% of its
forests each year from 2002 - 2006, driven by illegal logging, fire, (ex-)soldiers and migrant
settlers moving into the region and clearing forests for agriculture.
The project site is covered by lowland evergreen, semi-evergreen, and dry deciduous forests.
Semi-evergreen forests contain varying percentages of evergreen and deciduous trees, with the
percentage of evergreen trees varying from 30% to 70%. Semi-evergreen forests appear
evergreen throughout the year, despite a frequently high proportion of deciduous trees.
Deciduous forests are comprised of mixed deciduous forests and dry Dipterocarpaceae forests,
both of which drop most of their leaves during the dry season. The majority of forests in the
plains of the Northern provinces are dry-land ecosystems.
2 Overview of Monitoring Plan
2.1 Roles and Responsibilities of Project Partners
General organizational structure and responsibilities for monitoring of the project are outlined
here. A detailed overview of these responsibilities is included in the CCB PIR.
Pact. Pact is responsible for managing, outsourcing and collecting the results of (1) biomass
inventory measurements, (2) social assessments, (3) recording action activity implementation,
and (4) any other data required to be monitored under this methodology. Pact executed first-
pass quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) checks on all of the monitoring data
collected. Pact maintains records of all field inventory and social appraisal data sheets and all
other evidence demonstrating the correct execution of project implementation.
Forestry Administration. During these first five years of the project, the FA has been providing
assistance in the annual field inventory measurements, social assessments, and in the review of
the monitoring reports. The FA will be trained to become the responsible party for all
monitoring requirements five years after validation of the project.
Terra Global Capital. Terra Global Capital is responsible for verifying that the required elements
are monitored, overseeing or executing all modeling and calculations, and performing second-
pass QA/QC checks. In addition, Terra Global Capital is responsible for developing the
monitoring reports for the project.
Childrens Development Organization. Childrens Development Organization has assisted in field
inventories, social appraisals and recording project activities.
Community Forestry Federation, Monks Community Forests and the CFMCs. The communities
involved in the REDD project have been collaborating through social appraisals, reporting
natural disasters and challenges related to forest protection to the implementing organization.
3 Monitoring Data Collection, Storage and Reporting
The project will draw upon multiple data sources and methods for monitoring, reporting and
verification including a household survey, participatory rural appraisals (PRA), biodiversity
assessment, biomass inventory, remote sensing, desktop review and project documentation.
Table 1. Monitoring Data Sources and Methods
Source Frequency Reporting Responsibility
(PRA) Every 2 years VCS /
CCB CDA, TGC, Pact
Sample plot field
survey [See SOP] VCS Pact, TGC
Land use land
Remote sensing Every 2 years VCS TGC
observation Ongoing CCB CFMCs, Consultant
CFMCs, CDA, Pact,
Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) developed by TGC and Pact will be used to collect all
data required for VCS. There are three levels of data collection tools including:
Standard operating procedures (SOP)
Data collection forms
The purpose of SOPs and Protocols is to provide a standardized and consistent basis for data
collection, management and reporting. SOPs and protocols are therefore an important aspect
of quality control and assurance.
Mobile handsets have been used as data collection tools to increase efficiency and reduce
transaction costs in data collection, storage and processing, while increasing data quality
assurance and control measures. Though only some data is collected in mobile handsets now,
routine activity data (i.e. patrols) collected will be stored at three sites; the field CFMC level on
hand sets), aggregated at the provincial level in a server administrated by CDA and linked to
another local server administrated by Pact, and a centralized server (administered by TGC)
which hold all VCS data.
The data quality has been maximized and ensured during all aspects of the monitoring process
through quality assurance and quality control (QA/QC) procedures. In monitoring field
inventory data and data analysis, all individuals and institutions involved in evaluating the
quality of analytical data have followed the rigorous QA/QC procedures developed for this
project. These QA/QC procedures included specific criteria to evaluate the quality of analytical
data that has been gathered. The QA/QC procedures have been an absolutely essential part of
Responsibilities and frequencies for monitoring reporting are summarized in Table 2.
Table 2. Monitoring Reporting Responsibilities and Timeline
Report Responsibility Reporting to Timeframe
Verification Report Pact Cambodia / TGC VCS Verifier Every 2 years
Activity Report Pact Cambodia FA Quarterly / Annually
Activity Report CDA / CFN / Monks
Local Authorities As required
Activity Report CFMC CDA & CFN As required
Biodiversity Report Biodiversity consultant Pact Cambodia & FA Annually after 1st
Evaluation Report Independent evaluator Pact Cambodia & FA Every 3 years
4 Drivers of Deforestation Identified During Monitoring Period
Each of the baseline drivers of deforestation expected to take place in the project area over the
course of the crediting period have been identified and described in detail the CCB PDD. These
baseline drivers of deforestation were identified during the project design phase in
collaboration with the local communities through the Participatory Rural Appraisals (PRAs).
Additional PRAs were carried out during this monitoring period (between June 7th and July 15th,
2012) in each of the 13 CFs to determine the extent to which the drivers identified in the PDD
were observed within the project area within this monitoring period. Continual monitoring on
drivers and agents of deforestation is important as new drivers and agents may become evident
in the project area. It is necessary to continually monitor the drivers and agents in order to
better address the true causes of deforestation in the area.
Table 3. Summary of PRAs implemented during this monitoring period
Andong Bor 19 June 2012 08:40:00 Kantuy Choun Khiev Samnang 12 3
Chhouk Meas 7 June 2012 08:30:00 Chhouk Meas Yeang Donal 8 6
Dung Beng 21 June 2012 08:40:00 Yeay Tep Khiev Samnang 6 4
Ou Yeay Kaov 26 June 2012 08:30:00 Opork Net Channa 6 4
Phaav 10 July 2012 08:40:00 Thnal Keng Net Channa 6 6
Prey Srorng 4 July 2012 08:20:00 Ou Koki Kandal Neab Keng 9 8
Prey Srors 15 July 2012 08:30:00 Chheu Slap Vinh San 10 7
Ratanak Ruka 5 June 2012 08:30:00 Ou Kansaeng Net Channa 9 4
Rolus Thom 12 June 2012 09:00:00 Kdol Khiev Samnang 10 2
Romdoul Veasna 26 June 2012 08:30:00 Sambour Meas Khiev Samnang 4 11
Samaky 28 June 2012 08:30:00 Thmey Khiev Samnang 7 7
Sangkrous Preychheu 12 July 2012 08:00:00 Rum Chek Net Channa 7 3
Sorng Rokavorn 28 June 2012 08:40:00 Thmey Neab Keng 4 4
# of Participants
PRA CF Date of PRA Start Time Facilitator NameVillage
Figure 1. Community Members in Andong Bor CF rank drivers of deforestation by distributing
a set quantity of beans
Community members in each CF were asked to rank each driver of deforestation according to
their perceived importance (i.e. the most deforestation caused). A ranking system was
employed using beans, wherein the participants in each PRA were issued 100 beans and asked
to allocate an appropriate number of beans to each driver of deforestation according to their
relative importance. As an example, Table 4 shows the outcome of this ranking exercise for the
CF Ratanak Ruka.
Table 4. Outcome of PRA Driver of Deforestation Ranking Exercise from Ratanak Ruka CF
Driver # of Beans
Illegal Logging 19
Conversion to Settlement 18
Charcoal Production 17
Forest Fire 13
Land clearing for agriculture 11
The aggregated outcome of this exercise, i.e. the relative importance of each driver of
deforestation across all 13 CFs is shown in Figure 2. Drivers consisting of less than 1% of total
have been excluded from this chart.
Figure 2. Relative Importance of Drivers of Deforestation Occurring within the Project Zone
During this Monitoring Period
Similarly, the agents of deforestation responsible for these drivers of deforestation were
identified and ranked by the communities. The outcome of this ranking is shown in Figure 3.
Land clearing for agriculture
Land clearing for sale
Land clearing for military camp
Natural disaster Migration
Figure 3. Relative Importance of Agents of Deforestation Operating Within the Project Zone
During this Monitoring Period
Each of the drivers of deforestation identified in Figure 2 were anticipated in the PDD, with the
exception of Land Clearing for Military Camps. The prevalence of this driver has been driven by
the recent military border conflicts between Cambodia and Thailand, which h...