Project Futsal

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)

Text of Project Futsal


Project PlanSubmitted by Nikhil Marwah BBA-0691061708


A project can be defined as a non-routine, non-repetitive, one-off undertaking, normally with discrete time, financial and technical performance goals.



ANSAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GURGAON(Affiliated To Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University)



This is to certify that Mohit Kampasi, a student of Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) Affiliated to I.P. University, New Delhi has worked on a project which is considered as a part of our 6th sem. He has worked under my guidance for the Project Title Growth & Management of McDonalds in India . This project report is prepared in partial fulfillment of Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) to be awarded by I.P. University,. New Delhi. To the best of my knowledge, this piece of work is original & no part of this report has been submitted by the student to any other Institute / University earlier.


Mr C.S. Yadav



I would like to thank Mrs. Tripti Kochar, Deputy Director (AIT) and the Staff of Ansal Institute Of Technology for their valuable contribution. I am also grateful to the students and staff of AIT for their constant encouragement and support and for providing me with the necessary congenial atmosphere for the timely completion of the project plan. This report would never have seen the light of the day without their assistance and cooperation. I have completed this study under the able guidance and supervision of Mr. C.S. Yadav. I will be failed in my duty if I do not acknowledge the esteemed scholarly guidance, assistance and knowledge that I have received from them towards the fruitful and timely completion of this work.

Nikhil Marwah


PREFACEIn a short period of over ten years, AIT has indeed come a long way. It has been successful only because of the quality of its innovative programmes. The institute follows innovative approach in delivery of education towards achieving excellence by giving practical exposure. The synergy between education and practical training has enabled the students to have an edge over others in securing much sought after professional positions in MNCs and many AIT pass outs have displayed entrepreneurial acumen. The broad based curriculum developed on the US pattern and curriculum similar to that followed in the IITs is important not only for personality development, but also for attaining professional expertise. The holistic approach adopted by AIT over the years by embedding value added courses for skills/competencies development has yielded extraordinary dividends in that its students & graduating product have found very good placement in companies like Wipro, Hughes Systems, ICICI, Sapient, Mahindra British Telecom, Citi Bank, IDBI, Sahara India, KPMG, John Deere, IBM, Cisco etc.



CONTENTSEXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION HISTORY RULES Players, equipments & officials Pitch Duration & tie-breaking methods

PAGE NO.9 10 11 13 14 15 18 19 20 22 23 24 31 33 37

Start & restart of play Misconduct



38 61 66 77 78 86


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF THE PROJECT PLANThe project plan titled FUTSAL deals mainly with how effectively can an inter college sports event be organized within the campus. In this project plan I have done extensive research to determine its feasibility and to what extent can the entire project be cost effective. The scope of the project was to collect data from the internet and from other educational institutions who had conducted similar events in the recent past. In order to accomplish this purpose I had gone to different universities and schools across Delhi and N.C.R. and interviewed personally different students and faculty members about their experience in conducting similar events. Finally with the data I had collected I made this project plan that analyses the various alternatives and at the same time gives suggestions to choose the best alternative.


INTRODUCTIONFutsal is a variant of association football that is played on a smaller playing surface and mainly played indoors. Its name is derived from the Portuguese futebol de salo and the Spanish ftbol de saln (colloquially ftbol sala), which can be translated as "hall football" or "indoor football". Futsal is played between two teams each with five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. Unlimited substitutes per team are permitted. Unlike some other forms of indoor football, the game is played on a hard court surface delimited by lines; walls or boards are not used. Futsal is also played with a smaller ball with less bounce than a regular football. The rules create an emphasis on improvisation, creativity and technique as well as ball control and passing in small spaces.


HISTORYFutsal started in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1930, when Juan Carlos Ceriani created a version of football for competition in YMCAs. In Brazil, this version developed on the streets of So Paulo, and, eventually, a rule book was published. The sport began to spread across South America, and its popularity ensured that a governing body was formed under the name of FIFUSA (Federacin Internacional de Ftbol de Saln) in 1971, along with the World Championships. The first World Championships were held in Ro de Janeiro, with hosts Brazil crowned champions ahead of Paraguay. Even more countries participated in the second World Championships held in Las Vegas in early 2000's. Due to a dispute between FIFA and FIFUSA over the administration of ftbol, FIFUSA coined the word fut-sal in 1985. FIFA took control of the World Championships in 1989. Under new rules made by FIFA, the technical aspects of the game for players and spectators were improved. The linesmen were replaced with a second referee, and there were unlimited substitutions.


It also introduced a size 4 football, which was weighted to reduce bounce by 30% compared to a conventional ball, which enabled faster play and, for the first time, scoring goals with the head.FIFA's relationships with its member associations allowed more countries to gain knowledge and resources about futsal.FIFA soon began to administer its own indoor football games, hosting its first FIFA Indoor Soccer World Championship in 1989 in Rotterdam, Netherlands.


RULESThere are seventeen laws in the Futsal Laws of the Game.


Players, equipment and officialsThere are five players on each team, one of whom is the goalkeeper. The maximum number of substitutes allowed is seven, with unlimited substitutions during the match. Substitutes can come on even when the ball is in play. If a team has fewer than three players in the team, the match is abandoned. The kit is made up of a jersey or shirt with sleeves, shorts, socks, shin guards made out of rubber or plastic, and shoes with rubber soles. The goalkeeper is allowed to wear long trousers and a different coloured kit, to distinguish himself from the other players in the team and the referee. Jewellery is not allowed, as are other items that could be dangerous to the player wearing the effects or to other active participants. The match is controlled by a referee, who enforces the Laws of the Game, and the first referee is the only one who can abandon the match because of interference from outside the pitch. This referee is also assisted by a second referee. The decisions made by the referees are final and can only be changed if the referees think it is necessary and play has not restarted.There is also a third referee and a timekeeper, who are provided with equipment to keep a record of fouls in the match. In the event of injury to the referee or second referee, the third referee will replace the second referee.


THE PITCHThe pitch is made up of wood or artificial material, Yinghui Court, or similar surface, although any flat, smooth and non-abrasive material may be used. The length of the pitch is in the range of 3842 m (4246 yd), and the width is in the range of 1825 m in international matches. For other matches, it can be 2542 m (2746 yd)in length, while the width can be 1525 m (16 27 yd), as long as the length of the longer boundary lines (touchlines) are greater than the shorter boundaries where the goals are placed (goal lines).]The ceiling must be at least 4 m (4 yd) high] A rectangular goal is positioned at the middle of each goal line. The inner edges of the vertical goal posts must be 3 m (3 yd) apart, and the lower edge of the horizontal crossbar supported by the goal posts must be 2 m (2.2 yd) above the ground.Nets made of hemp, jute or nylon are attached to the back of the goalposts and crossbar. The lower part of the nets is attached to curved tubing or another suitable means of support. The depth of the goal is 80 cm at the top and 1 m at the bottom.In front of each goal is an area known as the penalty area. This area is created by drawing quarter-circles with a 6 m (7 yd) radius from the goal line, centered on the goalposts. The upper part of each quarter-circle is then joined by a 3.16 m (3.46 yd) line running parallel to the goal line between the goalposts. The line marking the edge of the penalty area is known as the penalty area line.]


The penalty area marks where the goalkeeper is allowed to touch the ball with his hands. The penalty mark is six meters from the goal line when it reaches the middle of the goalposts. The second penalty mark is 10 meters (11 yd) from the goal line when it reaches the middle