introductionLomography loves pinhole photography as its experimental and the outcomes can produce interesting, unpredictable results. It also fits in with the analogue lifestyle that lomographers prefer, and contributes to the Analogue Day Activities.
A pinhole camera doesnt have a lens - just a small hole at one end of the camera, and either film or photographic paper at the other. So when the light comes through the hole, it creates an image on the opposite side.
On the Lomography website there are plenty of lomographers who have shared their own pinhole camera stories and photographs, and it is easy to see where the obsession lies.
As the cameras dont have a lens, they create soft-focus, dreamy images that cannot be recreated in any other way.
This book has three nets of pinhole cameras based on some of the infamous Lomography cameras so you can create your own pinhole photos!
Tips and Tricks
TIPS AND TRICKSExperimenting with pinhole photography isnt quite the same as a regular film camera, so here are some tips and tricks to help you make the most out of your pinhole camera.
Keep SteadyIt is important that you hold the camera extra steady when using a pinhole camera as exposure times can be quite long and there is no lens to focus on the subject. You can do this by using a tripod, or balancing the camera on a sturdy surface.
Film or Photographic Paper?You can use either, but there are a couple of things to be aware of. When you use photographic paper, you will need to expose the shutter longer than if you use film. For example, if you have a scene where you would usually expose for a few seconds, then you would have to expose it for a few minutes using paper. However, if you have a unusual size camera where film wont fit, it is a good option. So if you want to use a film reel, make sure your camera is the right size to fit one in.
LightingYou need to make sure that there is a lot of light coming through the pinhole when you are taking a picture. If you are shooting a subject close up, then you should aim your camera slightly upwards so that enough light will come through. It is ideal to take pinhole images outside, as you will get clearer images. When shooting indoors where it is darker, you run the risk of getting underexposed images so make sure there is a lot of light.
Exposure TimeYou have to remember to lengthen the exposure time when using a pinhole camera, as it needs more light than normal film cameras.
Multiple PinholeYou can still produce multiple exposures when using a pinhole, but you have to remember to shorten the exposure time. For example if you take a double exposure you should half the exposure time, and if you take a triple exposure you should half it again.
instructionsHere are the instructions that you will need to follow for all of the nets. Before you start making your very own pinhole cameras, there are a few things that you will need:
Tape and GlueBlack tape would be preferable, so that you can tape the corners of the camera. This is so that you dont have light leaks seeping through and exposing your film. You will also need glue to stick a couple of the pieces to each other.
Film or Photographic PaperYou can use either, but you will needone of them to load the camera up with and take photos.
Something for ScoringYou will need to score the net so it can fold more easily, and you can do this with the back of a scalpel or scissors, a bone folder or nail file.
Elastic BandThis is for after you have constructed your pinhole camera, to hold the camera together.
4. 5. 6.
Valley Fold =
1. Stick 5 to 3 using glue. 3. Valley fold 1, 2 and 3 where green. 4. Close all corners of 1, 2 and 3 with tape, preferably black.
2. Stick 6 to 7 using glue.
7. Load film or photographic paper into the camera, and load the broken reel into the left gap.
9. Cover 2 with 3 and then secure elastic band around the camera. It is now ready to take photos!
5. Break a film roll as this will be wehre you wind on the film in the camera. Get another film or photographic paper ready to load.
6. Put 1 into 2 so that it is in the center. This is where the light will come through and expose onto the film.
The NetsHere are the nets for the pinhole cameras.
La SardinaThe first net is based on La Sardina, a 35mm camera, which is very popular and has many designs.
Diana Baby 110Although Lomography already have a Diana Multi Pinhole Operator, this is the baby version - holding 110mm film.
Lomo LC-AThe camera that started it all, the Lomo LC-A is a 35mm Russian wonder, and here is the net to make your own cheaper version!
Diana Baby 100
Diana Baby 100
Diana Baby 100
shareNow you have made your own pinhole camera and are ready to take your very own photographs, why not upload them to the Lomography community afterwards and share your story?
Lomographers upload their own pinhole inventions and experiments to share with the rest of the world, so log onto www.Lomography.com and get started!