Pigment Final

  • Published on
    10-Apr-2015

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Recent development in pigment printing and dyeing:

Formula-1 group

List of members: Md. Ashraful Alam (033-038041) Abdur Rahman (041-016041) Md. Zahirul Islam (041035-041) Ariful Haque Zoarder (041040-041)

Contents:

Pigment printing method Advantages of electron beam irradiation method over the conventional thermal printing method Comparison between Conventional and developed printing recipes Effect of Defoaming Agent Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Pigment Emulsion

PIGMENT PRINTINGPigment printing can be defined as: Insoluble pigments, which have no affinity for the fibre, are fixed onto the textile substrate with a binding agent in the pattern required.

RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN PIGMENT PRINTING

Pigment printing method:Electron beam irradiation method developed) Conventional thermal printing method (Recently

Electron beam irradiation method

A process of accelerating electrons with a voltage applied thereto in a vacuum, guiding the accelerated electrons into a normal-pressure atmosphere, and irradiating the electron beam (EB) onto an object. The electron beam irradiation process uses a vacuum tube-type electron beam irradiation apparatus, and with the acceleration voltage for generating an electron beam set at a value smaller than 100 kV, the electron beam is irradiated onto the object.

Advantages of electron beam irradiation method over the conventional thermal printing method

It shows higher color strength than those fabrics printed by the conventional process. The color strength on cotton fabrics printed with the Imperon violet, blue and yellow pigment colors was 85.2, 75.4 and 91.3 in the case of printing with electron beam and 63.5, 46.0 and 50.2 in the case of thermal printing respectively.

Comparison between conventional and modern printing recipe:

Recipe of conventional method:

Modern pigment printing recipes :

Parts Water X Binder 50-150 Thickener 30-50 Urea 10 Softening agent 10 Cross-linking agent 10

5-

Parts Water Binder 200 Thickener 30 Urea 10 Softening agent 10 Cross-linking agent 10 Defoamer

X 5010-

551-

Modern Pigment Printing Recipe ( Dystar )

Water Acramin ALW (Acrylate Binder) Acramin BA(Butadiene Binder) Acraconz F(Thickener) Urea Weichmacher CAN(Softening Agent) Acrafix MF (Cross- linking Agent) Antifoam PJ (Defoaming agent)

Parts X 80 100 27 10 0-10 0-10 5 --------1000

DEFOAMING AGENTS

NON SILICONE TYPE:Antifoam NS Non-silicone defoamer. Prevents or reduces foam in all dyeing, printing and finishing processes. Cold water dispersible. Antifoam PJ New High quality nonsilicone defoamer. Prevents or reduces foaming all dyeing, printing and finishing processes. Suitable for high turbolence systems. (Jet...).

SILICONE TYPE:Antifoam R100 A silicone emulsion for use in antifoaming and defoaming in a wide range of textile applications. It is effective in preventing foam buildup in an open beck. Antifoam R200 A more concentrated form of ANTIFOAM R 100.

Pigment Dyeing

The dyeing of cotton fabric with pigment or fluorescent pigment emulsions (usually applied for printing) is an easy operation, employing their respective binders. A recipe for dyeing cotton fabric with acramin pigment emulsions is mentioned below:

Recipe:

Acramin pigment emulsion gm/l Acramin FKNL binder gm/l Ammonium chloride Acetic acid

x 6 2 gm/l 2 gm/l

Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Pigment Emulsion

The material is padded with the padding liquor (prepared as above) and then dried and cured at 145-150c temperature. The padding may be carried out on a three bowl, double nip pneumatic padding mangle. Padded material is dried on a hot flue or float drier machine intandem with the padding mangle. After drying material is cure don a curing machine. The sequence of operations is shown in figure:

Dyeing of Cotton Fabric with Pigment Emulsion

Thank You Everybody