Photographic lighting

  • View
    362

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Photographic lighting

  1. 1. Photographic LightingSource:http://photoinf.com/General/NAVY/Composition_and_Basi c_shots_or_sequences.htm
  2. 2. 0 Since reflected light is what photographicfilms/sensors use to create images, lighting is clearly akey element in all kinds of photography.0 Light sources are divided into two major categories;natural and artificial.0 Natural light sources are sunlight, moonlight andreflected light. Artificial light sources are: flash, lampsand studio lights. Note that natural light is notnecessarily outdoor, nor is artificial light exclusivelyindoor.
  3. 3. There are four of theseclassifications for light (naturalor artificial).1. Overhead2. Front3. Back4. SideAnother characteristic of light is the quality, oftendefined as "hard" or "soft." Hard light is very bright,resulting in sharp shadows, while soft light is diffused,displaying better range of details.
  4. 4. Photography in sunlight0 If you are photographing in sunlight, try to positionyourself so that the sun hits your subject from theside, this will give you nice modeling and help createa 3D effect in the picture.0 Photography is all about light, the direction of thelight falling on your subject is most important, youneed to look at your subject carefully and watch howthe shadows fall
  5. 5. Lighting Reflectors0 Faced with strong sunlight, the professionalphotographer will reach for his reflector.0 The reflectors come in a variety of surfaces, white,silver and gold are the most usual to see.0 The idea is to bounce some light into the shadowareas thereby reducing the overall contrast of theshot.0 By moving closer to the subject or further away youcan fine tune the amount of contrast very accurately.
  6. 6. Using Flash0 If there is any light at all, then use as much of it as you can. Modern auto focus cameras tend to do this automatically, they use the widest aperture to let as much natural light in as possible and add the flash to bring the exposure up to what is necessary.
  7. 7. Studio Lighting0 Think of the two lights as a main light and a fill light,then light the object (or person) with the main light first.0 Move it around to get different effects and see how theshadows fall. Then use the second light, on a lower settingor further away to soften the shadows you have createdwith the main light but not eliminate them altogether.0 The important thing to remember is that, no matter howmany lights you use, one is the main light and all the othersare fills or effects, light the subject first with one light thenadd others as needed.
  8. 8. OUTDOOR LIGHTING0 As a photographer, you work with light to producequality pictures.0 The color, direction, quantity, and quality of the lightyou use determine how your subjects appear. In thestudio, with artificial light sources, you can preciselycontrol these four effects; however, most of thepictures you make are taken outdoors.
  9. 9. OUTDOOR LIGHTING0 The old adage about keeping the sun at your back is agood place to continue our discussion of outdoorlighting.0 The type of lighting created when the sun is in back ofthe photographer is called front lighting.0 A photograph is only two-dimensional; therefore, togive an impression of form, depth, and texture to thesubject, you should ideally have the light come fromthe side or at least at an angle.
  10. 10. OUTDOOR LIGHTING0 The case against over-the-shoulder lighting is itproduces a flattened effect, doing nothing to bring outdetail or provide an impression of depth.0 This over-the-shoulder lighting was probably the firstphotographic advice you ever received. This may seemto be a universal recipe for good photography. But it isnot.
  11. 11. PHOTOGRAPHIC LIGHTINGOUTDOOR LIGHTING0 Front lighting0 Side Lighting0 Backlighting0 EXISTING LIGHT0 Fluorescent Lighting
  12. 12. EXISTING LIGHTTips for existing light photography are as follows:0 Carry a flashlight so you can see to make camera settings.0 If you do not have an exposure meter or cannot get a goodreading, bracket your exposure.0 Focus carefully; depth of field is shallow at the wide aperturesrequired for existing light photography.0 When you have a scene illuminated by a combination of lightsources, use the type of color film recommended for thepredominant light source.0 For pictures of fireworks, support your camera on a tripod, focusat infinity, and aim the camera toward the sky area where thedisplay will take place. Open the shutter for several bursts.
  13. 13. Source:http://photoinf.com/General/NAVY/Composition_and_B asic_shots_or_sequences.ht m