Parking policy for Delhi Draft Municipal Corporation of Delhi

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Parking policy for Delhi Draft Municipal Corporation of Delhi Slide 2 Contents Impact of Congestion Traffic Pattern & Growth Vehicular Parking Principles of Parking Policy Factors effecting the Policy Objectives of Parking Policy Suggestions & Recommendations Parking Technologies Multi Pronged Approach Pricing Congestion Charges Slide 3 Traffic snarl snaps 42 Crore man-hour 70 lakh working population in India's capital city of Delhi and NCR lose nearly 42 Crore man-hour every month while commuting between home and office, thanks to the traffic congestion and increasing jams in the city. comparative analysis done by the Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM),2008 Multiplying by Rs 20 per hour would mean losing Rs 840 Crores per month or over Rs 10080 Crores per year. Slide 4 Negative impact of congestion Delays, which may result in late arrival for employment, meetings, and education, resulting in lost business, disciplinary action or other personal losses. Wasted fuel increasing air pollution and carbon dioxide emissions (which may contribute to global warming) owing to increased idling, acceleration and braking. Increased fuel use may also in theory cause a rise in fuel costs. Wear and tear on vehicles as a result of idling in traffic and frequent acceleration and braking, leading to more frequent repairs and replacements. Slide 5 Stressed and frustrated motorists, encouraging road rage Late response in Emergencies: blocked traffic may interfere with the passage of emergency vehicles traveling to their destinations where they are urgently needed. Spillover effect from congested main arteries to secondary roads and side streets as alternative routes are attempted ('rat running'), which may affect neighborhood amenity, safety and real estate prices. Pollution caused by slow moving traffic. This is exacerbated if heavy diesel vehicles are part of the traffic flow. Slide 6 Traffic patterns The traffic in Delhi is predominantly motorized vehicles The road space is shared by at least 30 different types of vehicles, each with different static & dynamic characteristics. The share of non-motorized modes of transport ranged between 8% Source IIT Slide 7 Vehicular growth The population of Indias six major metropolises increased by about 1.9 times during 1981 to 2001, Number of motor vehicles went up by over 7.75 times during the same period Delhi has the highest number of vehicles for any city in India with the figures well above 54 Lac vehicles in the city, not to mention vehicles registered in other states that are used in Delhi. Delhi daily adds above 1000 vehicles on its roads, resulting in over 365000 vehicles being added annually Slide 8 Slide 9 Over 221 Million Dollar or 1000 Million Rupees fuel lost annually due to congestion & idling Slide 10 Personal vehicles drive out public transport 1087 vehicles are added each day 1021 vehicles are personal 20% household owns cars Public transport ridership dropped from 60% to 41% between 2001-08 Source Prof Sarkar, SPA Slide 11 Dependence for Connecting the First & Last Mile Lack Of Accessibility Of Public Transport: One of the biggest drawbacks for public transport system is the lack of first and last mile connectivity for commuters and hence they opt for personalized mode of transport Lack of synchronization or facilities using non mortised transport, para-transit systems, battery operated vehicles. This leads to handicaps at interchange points of the public transport networks and commercial hubs which do not have adequate park and ride facilities forcing people to opt for personalized vehicle usage. Slide 12 Clogging Of Space By Private Vehicles Personal vehicles in the city cater to only 30% of the travel demand Buses which constitute only 1.2% cater to 60% of the total traffic load Source EPCA 95 % of the time, private vehicles are immobile while Public transportation vehicles spend far more time moving Slide 13 Levy & Taxes Favors Personalized Mode Of Transport MCD imposes a onetime night parking charges at the time of purchase of a new vehicle while commercial vehicles are charged annually against the norms of either the Government of India or International practice where taxation is always higher on private vehicles vis a vis public transport vehicles. The vehicle owner takes up as his right to park anywhere adding to congestion Slide 14 MCD- a Toothless Tiger As per the Motor vehicle Act, the responsibility to penalize or cancel the permission for parking for the errant parking operator or enforce the guidelines rest with the Delhi Traffic Police and MCD at best can lodge an FIR against the parking operator. The Delhi Traffic police is itself stretched & overburdened that it's not possible for them to keep check or control on parking lots, hence leading to mismanagement or over exploitation of the parking created. No scientific data/ study or expertise available with the MCD for creating new parking spaces/ ensure the guidelines or directions are followed. Slide 15 Vehicular parking 45 million sqm of land needed for parking for already registered vehicles. On an average three different car spaces are needed per car in the city, result, the current fleet occupies nearly 9-10 % of Delhis geographic area. Daily registration of cars (as on 2005) generates demand for 2.5 million sqm roughly equivalent to 310 international football fields. The forest cover in Delhi is 11.5 %. Iniquitous use of land: A car is allotted 23 sq m for parking. Under low cost housing scheme only 18 sq m is allotted to poor families. The car owning minority using up more and more road space and urban space. Source EPCA Slide 16 Land is limited. Where will Delhi find more land to park cars? Slide 17 KEY CONCERNS Slide 18 The Parking are intricately related to the city structure, infrastructure, traffic and management. Carriage way road side parking: Unregulated road side parking is being resorted to by vehicle users as the owners and visitors prefer to park the vehicle close to the work place for easy access and safety of the vehicle. Parking of this type must be prohibited. Slide 19 Foot Path Parking: Parking on sidewalks or foot paths is prohibited by the law. The Parking on foot path by house dwellers: This limits the foot path space for pedestrians and is wide spread in both residential and commercial areas of the city. Parking in front of the shops: Basements which are meant for parking are put to commercial use and the shops/commercial establishments are forced to park their vehicles on roads. Parking by Automobile dealers and repair units : repair vehicles and goods are parked on the road and the sidewalks. Parking of vehicles around schools and colleges: School buses and auto rickshaws used to transport the school children are indiscriminately parked on adjoining spaces including roads around the schools creating utter chaos and confusion. Parking around Business establishments: have very little parking space within their property, a majority of the users park their vehicles on the adjacent sites, roads and foot paths. Visitor parking for apartments and multi dwelling units are not available and visitors park indiscriminately on adjacent areas, foot paths and on the roads. Slide 20 Parking at defined lots: The defined parking lots in the city are not effectively utilised. Today, at some places unauthorised fee collection is carried out. PPP initiatives not fully effective: Under the PPP initiative, the development of commercial use was allowed as a concession for improving the viability of the project. Though a novel concept, it has resulted in generation of traffic and private vehicles by the commercial space. This has not served well for meeting the demand for parking. Slide 21 The creation of parking envisaged are miniscule numbers compared to the overall demand. Commercial vehicles such as the Lorries, mud tippers and others have no space for the parking in the city. The transport Lorries are parked alongside the highways The lack of truck terminals and associated facilities allows the vehicles to enter the city, adding to the congestion. Small & non-motorised vehicles such as push carts, hand carts have no space reserved close to the communities. The EWS and informal sector are forced to park their vehicles on the road, sidewalks. Auto rickshaws park their vehicles as per their convenience and short parking also impacts the smooth flow of traffic and creates accidents. People are allowed to take a rickshaw anywhere and alight at will. Slide 22 The private bus parking is unregulated and the space requirement for buses is inadequate. The spill over of the bus leads to crowding and is not convenient to the user or to the vehicles passing on the road. The cabs and taxis, private mini bus which operate on contract are found to be parked at places convenient to the owners, often on civic amenity sites, park areas or any disused private land. These will need to be regulated. Individual taxi owners, etc park their vehicles on the road / sidewalks during the night. Slide 23 Summary: The results of such unregulated parking of vehicles have led to the following concerns: 1.Congestion on roads and obstructing the smooth traffic flows. 2.Foot paths & sidewalks encroachment leading to reduction of space to pedestrians. 3. Extended Parking hours and indiscriminate parking: The Vehicle owners of commercial establishments, the owners of cab taxis and buses park their vehicles at places for long duration and mostly in haphazard manner. 4.Vandalism and safety: Most of the parking lots are unregulated and safety provisions are unavailable. The vehicles can be subjected to vandalism and theft. 5.Loss of revenue: The potential revenues accrual from Parking fees and charges are unavailable to the urban local body/ Government. The unauthorised collection of fees is rampant and is of nuisan