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Paleolithic Art ( Stone Age ). 32,000 to 11,000 years ago

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Brief development from prehistoric/Paleolithic art to Neolithic art

Paleolithic Art ( Stone Age ). 32,000 to 11,000 years ago

1) Portable art :

.Consist of figurines or decorated objects

. Found in France, Spain, north Africa , Siberia 2) Stationary art:

. manufactured from combinations of minerals, ochres, burnt bone meal and charcoal mixed into mediums of water, blood, animal fats and tree saps.

. Outside caves ritualistic purpose

. Inside caves Symbolism purpose

The Venus of Hohle Fels

2 Main categories :

Outside caveInside caveHow paintings were done ?With fingers, sticks, and pads of fur or moss

Daubing, dotting, sketching with coloured materials and charcoal

Spray painting through hollow bone or by mouth. Neolithic Art (New Age). Roughly from 7000 to 3000 BC

. Humans were settling down and began cultivating the lands

. Technology advancement

. 3 forms of mediums: statuary, painting and pottery (clay)( Pottery was the prime medium of Neolithic art )

. Replace stone and wood utensils

. Decorated with with triangles, spirals, wavy lines, and other geometric forms on its rough or polished surfacesPotteryStatuary

. Neolithic cultures, like Linearbandkeramic, Lengyel and Vinca, produced female and animal statues.

Lengyel VincaRealism in Paleolithic Art A figure of a naked woman

Her head is covered with rows of shallow teeth cuts, depicting, according to Z.A.Abramova, hair or a closely fitting head-dress. Engraved and relief lines on the chest and on the back. Mammoth's tusk. Height 11,4 cm. Found in 1936, excavation made by P.P.Efimenko, who thought it to be "one of the best creations of that period, known to us". 9The lady in a hood

a statuette from the mammoth's tusk, 3,7cm. The Museum of National Antiquities, Saint-Germain-en-Laye. Found in 1894 by E. Piette while excavating a Palaeolithic site. 10Chauvet Cave Bear

Hillaire Chamber

The spectacular panel on the walls of the 'Hillaire Chamber'. The walls were smoothed before they were painted.

12Brief development from Paleolithic art to Neolithic art

In simpler terms, paleolithic literally translates to old stone age and neolithic art is referred to the new stone ageIn a way, Neolithic art (approximately 9000 B.C) is a subset of prehistoric art. The Neolithic period was when human culture exploded and cheap methods of food production, such as the use of beasts of burden for agriculture, became popular.During the Neolithic Period, people began experimenting with crafts like pottery, weaving, and other forms of artistic expression. Because they were settled in agricultural communities, they could invest more time in these activities, since they weren't living a hand to mouth lifestyle as hunter gathers. In addition to growing crops, these early humans also started domesticating animals to work for them and to serve as sources of food. Thus, in their artworks domestic animals were also included in their artworks.The theme/ subject often painted in prehistoric art (animals, stories, rituals) changed to that of agriculture (season, planting, cycle of life, growing, night & day). What remains same were that the subjects were based on believes and passes on culture and wisdom. Art in both periods were also made for worship.The painting styles gradually developed from realistic to being stylized and simplified abstraction, which is similar to those of our modern day art.

13Paleolithic ArtThe Shaft of the Dead Man

This mysterious painting was found in one of the six main galleries of the Lascaux cave and Here is found the only figure of a human being on the walls of Lascaux. This scene portrays a human figure with a birdlike head, either before or after the attack of a charging bison.The figure probably represents a dead (or soon to be dead) person, hence the title "Shaft of the Dead Man." Directly underneath his right hand, astaff or stick is capped by the image of a bird's head. This strange interplay between bison, bird, rhinoceros,and human being has puzzled generations of scholars and historians15Female Figurine22th-21th millenium BC Mammoth ivory H 4.2 cm Malta settlement, Siberia

This miniature figurine represents a woman in fur overalls. The decoration of the figure shows a fur garment typical of Malta statuettes. The whole of the figure, with the exception of the face, is covered with parallel horizontal incised lines. The face is flat and wide, and the eyes and nose are clearly indicated. The legs taper towards the feet. A hole in the place of feet shows that this figurine was probably used as an amulet.

16Neolithic Art

PotteryMuch of Neolithic pottery is decorated with geometric designs. Although these designs appear purely abstract, some of them may be derived from forms in nature.Some have speculated that the triangles might have evolved from the shape of fish fins and fish tails. The circular forms may be inspired by eyes. This piece was probably made on a wheel, in contrast to earlier handmade pottery. Invention of the pottery wheel, first used shortly after 3000 B.C. by the Dawenkou and Longshan cultures, meant that potters could make thin-walled, evenly formed vessels with greater speed.

18Ceramic vessel

Probably a pig, a staple of the Neolithic economy. The Dawenkou people cultivated millet and domesticated pigs and other livestock. Heads and jaws of pigs were frequently buried with the dead as symbols of wealth.19Neolithic ArtChineseStorage Jar(c. 2200 B.C.)

China, Neolithic period, Yangshao culture, Machang phase (c. 70002000 B.C.)

Low-fired clay with iron oxide and manganese pigments

ChineseStorage Jar(c. 2500 B.C.)

China, Gansu province, Neolithic period, Yangshao culture, Banshan phase (c. 26002300 B.C.)

Low-fired earthenware painted with iron oxide and manganese pigments

Entrance Stone, Newgrange Passage Tomb, Boyne Valley, Ireland (3100 BC)

Entrance Stone, Newgrange Passage Tomb, Boyne Valley, Ireland (3100 BC)


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