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  • PNNL-27831

    Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Annual Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2017 September 2018

    JP Duncan JM Barnett KM Meier JL Mendez MR Sackschewsky TW Moon JA Stephens CJ Duchsherer MD Ellefson EP Kennedy KD Hand JM Becker J Su-Coker EA Raney

  • DISCLAIMER

    This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Govermnent nor any agency lhereof, nor Battelle Memorial TnstilUle, nor any of lheir employees makes any warrant)•, exriress or im1,lied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, com1deteness, or usefulness of any information, a1,1,aratus, product, or process disclosed, or re1>resents that its use would not inf1inge 1,rivately owned rights. Reference herein to ~my specific commercial product, process, or service by t:mde name, trademark, mmmfacturer, orothen¥ise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or.favoring by lhe Uniled Stales Govemmenl or any agency lhereof, or Battelle Memorial Tnsti lule. The views and opinions of autJ1ors expressed herein do not necessarily slale or reflecl lhose of lhe United Stales Govemmenl or any agency thereof.

    PACJFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY operated by BAITELLE

    for the UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

    under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830

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  • PNNL-27831

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Annual Site Environmental Report for Calendar Year 2017

    September 2018 JP Duncan JM Barnett KM Meier JL Mendez MR Sackschewsky TW Moon JA Stephens CJ Duchsherer MD Ellefson EP Kennedy KD Hand JM Becker J Su-Coker EA Raney Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract DE-AC05-76RL01830 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington 99352

  • Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Annual Site Environmental Report for 2017 Can We Make This Report More Useful to You?

    We want to make this report useful and easy to read. To help us in this effort, please take a few minutes to let us know if the PNNL Annual Site Environmental Report meets your needs. Email us at:

    pnsomanager@science.doe.gov

    Print this page and mail it to:

    Tom McDermott Pacific Northwest Site Office, P.O. Box 350 MS K9-42, Richland, WA 99352 How do you use the information in this report?

    To learn general information about PNNL To learn about doses from PNNL activities To send to others outside the Tri-Cities area To learn about site compliance Other: ______________________________

    Does this report contain:

    Enough detail Not enough detail Too much detail Is the technical content:

    Too concise Too wordy Uneven Just right Is the text easy to understand? Yes No If “no” is it: Too technical Too detailed Other_______ Is the report comprehensive? Yes No (Please identify any issues you believe are missing in the Other Comments section below.) Other Comments: ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ What is your affiliation?

    U.S. DOE Media State Agency Federal Agency Public Interest Group Member of Native American Nation Local Agency Member of the public University Industry

    mailto:pnsomanager@science.doe.gov

  • Annual Site Environmental Report for CY 2017 iii Executive Summary

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), one of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science’s 10 national laboratories, provides innovative science and technology development in the areas of energy and the environment, fundamental and computational science, and national security. DOE’s Pacific Northwest Site Office is responsible for oversight of PNNL.

    This report provides a synopsis of ongoing environmental management performance and compliance activities conducted during 2017 to meet the requirements of DOE Order 231.1B, Environmental, Safety and Health Reporting , and DOE Order 458.1, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment, assuring that the public is informed of any event that could adversely affect the health and safety of the public, site staff, or the environment. The report addresses the operations that occur on the PNNL Richland Campus in Richland, Washington, and at the PNNL Marine Sciences Laboratory (MSL) near Sequim, Washington. It describes the location of and background for each facility; addresses compliance with all applicable DOE, federal, state, and local regulations and site-specific permits; documents environmental monitoring efforts and their status; presents potential radiation doses to staff and the public in the surrounding areas; and describes DOE-required data quality assurance methods used for data verification.

    Compliance with Federal, State, and Local Laws and Regulations in 2017

    PNNL is subject to many federal, state, and local environmental laws, regulations, guidance decrees, DOE requirements, and Executive Orders as well as site-specific permits. Detailed requirements are integrated into all PNNL projects by means of environmental compliance representatives assigned to assess and assist with each project. PNNL continued to exhibit an excellent compliance record in 2017. No violation notices were received from any regulatory agency, required reports were submitted, necessary reviews and permits for research and support activities were obtained, and all sitewide permits were current. Detailed information regarding 2017 compliance may be found in Section 2.0.

    Environmental Sustainability Performance

    PNNL’s environmental management system (EMS) has been certified to meet the requirements of the International Standards Organization (ISO) 14001 standards since 2002, demonstrating commitment to safe and sustainable operations, and satisfying the requirements of DOE Order 436.1, Departmental Sustainability. The EMS is integrated into PNNL’s Integrated Safety Management Program, which assures that staff are aware of project scope, risks/hazards, and controls available to address functions, processes, and procedures used to plan and perform work safely. PNNL is dedicated to responsible planning for and management of resources that could be affected by facility operations and exhibits excellent environmental sustainability performance in disciplines including energy and water conservation and sustainable building design, assuming a leadership position in planning for a cleaner future. See Section 3.0 for further details concerning environmental and sustainability performance.

    Environmental Monitoring and Dose Assessment

    PNNL monitors air and water quality to assure compliance with all federal, state, and local regulatory requirements.

    Air Emissions. Airborne emissions from PNNL facilities are monitored to assess the effectiveness of emission treatment and control systems as well as pollution management practices. The Benton Clean Air Agency implements and enforces most federal and state requirements on the PNNL Richland Campus, and the Olympic Region Clean Air Agency implements and enforces most federal and state requirements at MSL. There were no unplanned releases of regulated substances or substances of concern from PNNL facilities in 2017 (Sections 2.4, 4.2, and 5.2).

    Liquid Effluent Monitoring. Liquid effluent discharges from PNNL Richland Campus operations are monitored under permits issued by the City of

  • Annual Site Environmental Report for CY 2017 iv Executive Summary

    Richland. Process wastewater from MSL is treated at an onsite wastewater treatment plant prior to being discharged to Sequim Bay under a permit issued by the Washington State Department of Ecology. In 2017, there were no unplanned releases of regulated pollutants or contaminated wastewater from PNNL facilities (Sections 2.5.1, 4.1, and 5.1).

    Radiological Release of Property. PNNL uses the pre-approved guideline limits derived from guidance in DOE Order 458.1, Chg 3, Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment , when releasing property potentially contaminated with residual radioactive material. No property with detectable residual radioactivity above authorized levels was released from PNNL in 2017 (Section 4.3).

    Radiation Protection of Biota. Potential media exposure pathways (air, soil, water, and food) were considered in conjunction with particulate radioactive contamination of air pathways. Calculated dose rates for 2017 were well below dose rate limits for aquatic, terrestrial, and riparian animals and plants for both the PNNL Richland Campus

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