Orienteering, What Is It?Orienteering is a competition to find in in the woods. The person who finds all the
in the fastest time, wins.
Who Does Orienteering?
All ages and skill levelsOrienteering is very popular with JROTC cadets.Many orienteering competitions just for JROTC.
Is Orienteering Difficult To Learn?
This is not Rocket Science.Learn some basic map & compass skills and you are ready to compete!
Why Should I? ContinuedITS FUN!
Cross Country & Score OTwo main types of OrienteeringCross Country OrienteeringScore O style Orienteering
Cross Country O CompetitionA typical cross country competition will have several different courses based on difficulty and distance covered.
The courses are identified by color. From easiest to most difficult these courses are: yellow, orange, brown, green, red, and blue.
JROTC cadets typically compete on the yellow, orange, brown, or green course.
OK, How Does This Work?You are given a map, a Control Description List (CDL) often called a Clue Sheet, and a Control Card.
The CDL gives you clues to help you go directly to the control.
The Control Card is used to verify you were at the correct control.
Cross Country CompetitionContinuedYou then go to the start point and will have a compass, whistle, and a Control Card. You may have been given a map prior to the start.Competitors are started at approx 3 minute intervals.There is usually a 3 hour time limit.
Cross Country Competition ContinuedYou pick your own route to the control points.You must go to each control in a numerical sequence.You may pass or be passed by others as you proceed along the course.
Cross Country CompetitionContinuedYou continue this process until you reach the finish pointYou then turn in your Control Card to the finisher. The finisher will record your time and check your Control Card against a pre-punched master.The individual or team with the fastest time visiting all the control points, wins.
Score Orienteering CompetitionThe course consists of a large number of controls spread over the mapped area.Controls are given varying point values based on difficulty to locate and distance from start/finish.You may go to the controls in any sequence
Score Orienteering ContinuedAll competitors start at the same timeThere is a time limit There is a severe penalty for being over-timeThe individual/team with the most points winsIn the event of a tie, the individual/team that collected the most points in the shortest time wins
Typical Score O map
In both Cross Country and Score OrienteeringThe control point will be identified by an orange and white marker. There will be a control ID card and a plastic punch hanging with the marker.After verifying that you are at the correct control point, you will punch your Control Card. The punch makes a unique pin pattern on your Control Card. This proves that you were actually at the control point.
Control Marker & Control Card
OK, We Know What It Is, But How Do We Actually Orienteer?Remember, this is not rocket science.Learn to read an orienteering map.Learn to look at your map and match what you see on the map with what you see in the surrounding terrain.Learn to use the base plate compass.
Now Lets Talk About That MapAn orienteering map is a multi-colored map designed specifically for orienteering.You will use your map, your compass, and what you see by looking around you, to navigate along your orienteering course.
Terrain AssociationThis is the process of looking at the terrain around you and associating what you see on the ground with what is depicted on the map.Champion orienteers always possess Excellent Terrain Association skills.Keep your map in your hand, you cant accomplish Terrain Association without frequent reference to your map!
Orienteering MapThe next slide is an orienteering map with several important components highlighted.
Typical Yellow CourseThe next slide shows a typical Yellow course.Pay close attention because you will be running a Yellow course on your first competition.
ORIENTING THE MAP TO NORTHThis is a critical step in using the mapOnce the map is oriented to North you will be able to navigate using terrain associationThe process is simple
ORIENTING THE MAP
THE MAP IS ORIENTED-NOW WHAT?Look to North and find a physical feature (road, building, etc., then find the symbol for that feature on your mapLook to East and find a physical feature, then find the symbol for the feature on your map.Continue the process until you can match several physical features that you can see to the symbols on the map.
OK, I matched features to symbolsYou are ready to navigate. For example, say your first point is a small building southwest of the start point. You observe that there is a road and parking areas just southwest of the Start (in front of you). With the map oriented to north, when you face southwest, the road and parking areas is in front of you.
Using the map to navigateYou note that if you go to the road, you will see the small building where Control #1 is located.You also note that if after punching Control #1, if you go back to the road and turn right you will pass several parking areas, a left curve in the road and see a junction of road and trail. You are at Control #2.
Using the map to navigateContinued
CONGRATULATIONS YOU ARE NAVIGATING USING TERRAIN ASSOCIATION!
Now lets look at the CompassThe compass is NOT your primary navigation tool! It is used to Orient the map and ASSIST you in navigation. You will learn to:Calculate a heading between two pointsFollow the heading you calculated Follow an emergency heading
The Base Plate Compass
To Calculate a HeadingTo go from the trail intersection A to rock B
Place edge of compass along line of travel
Insure Direction of Travel Arrow is pointing in the direction you intend to travel!
Heading ContinuedTurn the Rotating Dial until the North Orienting Arrow is pointing to the top of the map and the Orienting lines are aligned with the North/South lines on the map.Read Travel Heading at the Index Line
To Follow a HeadingSet the desired heading at the index lineHold compass level, about chest highInsure Direction of Travel Arrow is pointing straight aheadTurn your entire body until the North Compass Needle is directly over the North Orienting Arrow and pointing at the N symbol
Heading ContinuedWith the compass properly set, look in the direction that the Direction of Travel Arrow is pointing. Pick out a prominent landmark that the Direction of Travel Arrow is pointing to. Walk to that landmark and then repeat the above procedure.