OpenStack Deployment and Operations Guide ?· OpenStack Block Storage (project name: Cinder) OpenStack…

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  • OpenStack Deployment and Operations GuideNetApp, Inc.

    October 2017 | Version 9.0

    Abstract

    This guide is intended to detail design considerations, configuration,deployment and ongoing operational practices for the successfulimplementation of OpenStack services atop or in concert with NetApptechnologies. Note that this version of the guide applies to the Ocata(February 2017) release of OpenStack.

  • ii OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Table of Contents1. Executive Summary ................................................................................................. 1

    1.1. Authors and Contributors .............................................................................. 12. OpenStack Overview ............................................................................................. 2

    2.1. OpenStack Foundation ................................................................................. 22.2. OpenStack - A Modular Collection of Cloud Services ............................. 22.3. OpenStack Releases and Distributions ...................................................... 62.4. NetApp's Contributions To OpenStack ..................................................... 7

    3. About NetApp Storage Systems and Software ................................................ 83.1. Description of Data ONTAP ........................................................................ 83.2. Description of FAS Systems ....................................................................... 113.3. Description of E-Series and EF-Series Systems ....................................... 113.4. Description of StorageGRID Webscale .................................................... 12

    4. OpenStack Block Storage Service (Cinder) ..................................................... 144.1. Overview ....................................................................................................... 144.2. Key Concepts .............................................................................................. 154.3. Process Structure ........................................................................................ 214.4. API Overview .............................................................................................. 274.5. Theory of Operation & Deployment Choices ......................................... 304.6. Configuration .............................................................................................. 454.7. Examples ..................................................................................................... 79

    5. OpenStack Image Service (Glance) .................................................................. 945.1. Overview ...................................................................................................... 945.2. Key Concepts ............................................................................................. 945.3. Theory of Operation & Deployment Choices ......................................... 955.4. Configuration ............................................................................................. 101

    6. OpenStack Shared File System Service (Manila) ........................................... 1106.1. Overview ...................................................................................................... 1106.2. Key Concepts ............................................................................................. 1106.3. Process Structure ...................................................................................... 1166.4. API Overview ............................................................................................. 1196.5. Theory of Operation & Deployment Choices ........................................ 1246.6. Configuration ............................................................................................. 1286.7. Examples .................................................................................................... 144

    7. OpenStack Compute Service (Nova) ............................................................... 1617.1. Overview ...................................................................................................... 1617.2. Key Concepts ............................................................................................. 1617.3. Theory of Operation & Deployment Choices ........................................ 162

    8. OpenStack Object Storage Service (Swift) ................................................... 1648.1. Overview ..................................................................................................... 1648.2. Swift Zones and NetApp E-Series Storage ........................................... 1668.3. Disk Pools, Volumes, and Mapping ......................................................... 1678.4. Partitioning and File System Considerations ........................................ 1688.5. Swift Ring Considerations with DDP ...................................................... 170

    9. Operational Considerations .............................................................................. 1729.1. Non-Disruptive Operations ....................................................................... 1729.2. Operational Concerns with Data ONTAP .............................................. 174

    A. Packaging ............................................................................................................. 181A.1. Packaging and Downloading Requirements ........................................... 181A.2. Installation and Uninstallation .................................................................. 181A.3. Upgrading and Reverting ......................................................................... 181

  • iii OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    A.4. Licensing .................................................................................................... 181A.5. Versioning .................................................................................................. 181A.6. Deprecated Drivers ................................................................................... 181

    B. Troubleshooting ................................................................................................. 183B.1. Common Problems .................................................................................... 183B.2. Triage and Data Collection ...................................................................... 187B.3. References ................................................................................................. 188B.4. Support ...................................................................................................... 188

  • iv OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    List of Figures2.1. OpenStack High Level Architecture ................................................................... 34.1. Cinder and Nova Logical Architecture .............................................................. 154.2. Cinder Processes Concept Diagram ................................................................ 224.3. Cinder Workflow - Volume Creation ............................................................... 224.4. Cinder & Nova Workflow - Volume Attach .................................................... 234.5. Cinder Backup Workflow .................................................................................. 244.6. Cinder Restore Workflow ................................................................................. 264.7. Cinder & E-Series Deployment Topology ....................................................... 704.8. Cinder & E-Series Deployment Topology ....................................................... 745.1. Enhanced Instance Creation with NetApp Copy Offload ToolFlowchart .................................................................................................................... 986.1. Manila Processes Concept Diagram ................................................................. 1166.2. Manila Workflow - Share Creation with Share Servers .................................. 1176.3. Manila Workflow - Share Creation without Share Servers ............................ 1186.4. Hierarchical Network Topology ....................................................................... 1318.1. Traditional and E-Series Swift Stack Comparison ......................................... 1658.2. Controller-subsystem based zoning ............................................................... 1668.3. E-Series Controller Layout ............................................................................... 1679.1. Creating Export Rule ......................................................................................... 178

  • v OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    List of Tables2.1. OpenStack Releases to Date ............................................................................... 64.1. NetApp Supported Backend QoS Spec Options ............................................. 184.2. Cinder API Overview - Volume ........................................................................ 274.3. Cinder API Overview - Snapshot ..................................................................... 274.4. Cinder API Overview - Consistency Groups .................................................. 284.5. Cinder API Overview - Backup ........................................................................ 294.6. Cinder API Overview - Volume Type .............................................................. 294.7. Cinder API Overview - Volume Type Extra Specs ......................................... 294.8. Cinder API Overview - Volume Type QoS Specs .......................................... 294.9. Behavioral Differences in Cinder Volume Placement .................................... 324.10. Configuration options for NFS Security ........................................................ 394.11. NetApp supported Extra Specs for use with Cinder Volume Types ............ 414.12. NetApp supported configuration options for use with Over-Subscription ............................................................................................................... 444.13. Configuration options for clustered Data ONTAP with iSCSI ...................... 484.14. Configuration options for clustered Data ONTAP with NFS ........................ 514.15. Configuration options for clustered Data ONTAP with Fibre Channel ....... 534.16. Configuration options for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode withiSCSI ............................................................................................................................ 564.17. Configuration options for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with NFS ..... 604.18. Configuration options for Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode with FibreChannel ....................................................................................................................... 634.19. Configuration options for E-Series with iSCSI ............................................... 724.20. Configuration options for E-Series with Fibre Channel ............................... 754.21. Values for specifying host type OS for E-Series Storage Systems ............. 774.22. Required Web Services Proxy versions ........................................................ 774.23. Configuration options for NFS backup service ............................................ 785.1. Checklist of Steps for Enhanced Instance Creation and Copy Offloadtool for NFS .............................................................................................................. 1025.2. Checklist of Steps for Enhanced Instance Creation ..................................... 1066.1. Manila API Overview - Share ............................................................................ 1196.2. Manila API Overview - Share Access ............................................................. 1206.3. Manila API Overview - Share Export Location .............................................. 1206.4. Manila API Overview - Snapshot ..................................................................... 1216.5. Manila API Overview - Share Type ................................................................. 1226.6. Manila API Overview - Share Type Extra Specs ........................................... 1226.7. Manila API Overview - Consistency Groups .................................................. 1226.8. Manila API Overview - Share Replication ...................................................... 1236.9. Manila API Overview - Share Migration ......................................................... 1236.10. NetApp supported Extra Specs for use with Manila Share Types ............. 1266.11. Configuration options for Standalone Network Plugin ................................ 1326.12. Configuration options for Neutron Network Plugin ..................................... 1336.13. Configuration options for Simple Neutron Port Binding NetworkPlugin ......................................................................................................................... 1346.14. Configuration options for the tenant configurable Neutron Port BindingNetwork Plugin ......................................................................................................... 1356.15. Configuration options for clustered Data ONTAP without Share Servermanagement ............................................................................................................. 1376.16. Configuration options for clustered Data ONTAP with Share Servermanagement ............................................................................................................. 139

  • vi OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    6.17. Common Access Level Permissions Required with Any Manila Driver ...... 1426.18. Access Level Permissions Required For Manila Driver for clustered DataONTAP with share server management - with Cluster-wide AdministrativeAccount ..................................................................................................................... 1426.19. Access Level Permissions Required For Manila Driver for clusteredData ONTAP without share server management - with Cluster-wideAdministrative Account .......................................................................................... 143

  • 1 OpenStack Deployment & Operations Guide 2017 NetApp, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Chapter 1. Executive SummaryMost options for OpenStack integrated storage solutions aspire to offerscalability, but often lack the features and performance needed for efficient andcost-effect...

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