Omar Butt Castles Presentation

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  • 1.Presentation by Omar Butt 7THA


  • Chapter 1: The castles of William The Conqueror
  • Chapter 2: Castles- Attack and Defence
  • Chapter 3: Change- How and Why?
  • Chapter 4: My castle visit.


  • William the conqueror built castles so that he can keep his soldiers safe, give them time to rest and prepare for the next battle.
  • People living near the castles would be taxed and for that they wont die , and William would try and protect them if they still give tax, William would use that money to build more castles.
  • He also built castles for wealth and power over where he built them that's why he built them in lots of places.


  • Williams castles were mostly made out of wood because that was the most common material in their time. Sometimes the castles were made out of stone because its stronger then woodbut it was more expensive.
  • Most of the time they would build the castles high up on mountains so they get the advantage, because they stay up there and the enemy needs to come up and when they get to the top they will be too tired to fight.

How were they built? 5.

  • Castle were sometime attacked by fire because the castle was made out of wood so it will burn and everybody needs to come out.
  • Battering rams were invented to destroy the castle doorsor knock a hole in the wall to get in.
  • Large catapults were used to throwthings like stones, fireballs or even dead bodies (to spread disease) into the castles.
  • Castles could surrounded by catapults and soldiers, stopping people getting in and out. This was called a siege.


  • People sometime attacked castle by digging a tunnel and landing in the castle so if the people in the castle knew they will dig to get in the castle they will dig to, and kill them.
  • Also the attackers used ladders to get over the wall and the people in the castle push it away from the wall so the attackers fell, so the made an advance to the ladder so it didn't fall, so the defenders put mud everywhere outside the castle because the ladder was moved by wheels so by putting mud on the floor it will be hard to take the ladder with you, and even if they got there they will pour hot oil overthem.


  • Castles needed to change because if every castle was made out of wood it will be burnt down by invaders or it will rot down, and that's why it needed to change to stone because stone doesn't rot or get burnt.
  • But the bad things about stone its more expensive then wood but stone is stronger and the other bad thing about stone is that's there is less of it.


  • The material used to build castles needed to change. Instead of wood, stone was used, even though it was more expensive.
  • Towers were made round instead of square because they were stronger and would not fall if the enemy used mining to get underneath.
  • Another thing that was improved was that they surrounded the castle with a moat or ditches so the ladders could not put up against the walls.


  • Castle changed because they needed to get stronger materials then wood because with that will rot and its not that strong so they made castles out of stone which was stronger and they made the castles bigger and with round towers to make it stronger.
  • Also they changed where they put it like now they put it on top of hills.


  • I have chosen the Windsor castle it has three main towers ones called Edward III tower the other is called curfew tower the other one has not been named, it has 2 apartments a private one and an state,it has 2 gate way 1 for the principal and one for the peasant, it also has an St. Georges chapel, and 2 terraces, 1 on the north and 1 on the east , it has a lower and upper ward and it has a south wing and a long walk path way.