Point of View Whos Telling the Story?
Point of ViewWhos Telling the Story?ObjectivesStudents will learn the definition of point of view.Students will understand how point of view can influence a story.Students will practice finding the point of view of several paragraphs.What is Point of View?Point of view is all about the voice behind the story.We have to figure out who is telling the story.We often have to use inferences to figure out the characters point of view (who is telling the story).Depending on the point of view (who is telling the story) the story may change.
When giving the definition of point of view use a talking hand gesture to emphasize voice.
Point out that when siblings argue they usually have different points of view. The way that they explain the story to their parents will usually be different than the way their siblings would tell the same story. Same goes for an argument with a classmate. The story to the teacher will be different depending on whos telling the story.3Example: The Three Little PigsThe Original Three Little PigsTold from the Pigs Point of ViewThere was a big, bad wolfHe huffed and puffed and blew their houses downHe wanted to eat themThe True Story of the Three Little PigsTold from the Wolfs Point of ViewThe wolf was nice and all he wanted to do was borrow some sugar.His sneezes made the houses fall down, he didnt blow them down.He only ate the pigs because they were already dead.You can show these clips and have students discuss the differenceshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5hI9U19-m0 The Original 3 Little Pigshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m75aEhm-Byw The Real Story of the 3 Little Pigs
Discussion: How did the stories differ based on who was telling the story? 4First Person Point of ViewMeans that a character in the story tells the storyKeywords (Pronouns)I, Me We or MyExample:Yesterday, I took a trip to the market. As I turned the key and pulled out of my driveway, I couldnt help but notice the dog in my yard.Means that it is told from the authors own point of view. When you read, it is as if you are in the story. 5Second Person Point of ViewUsed to address the readerKeywords (Pronouns)You, Your, Yours
Example:Before you go to school, make sure to walk your dog and brush your teeth. Dont forget your book bag or to lock the door behind you.Its almost as if the author is talking to you or telling you to do something.6Third Person Point of ViewA narrator outside of the story tells the story.Keywords (Pronouns)He, She, or TheyThe author may also use the characters name.The moose was getting ready to walk out into the road. He moved his head to the left and turned right. There was not a car in sight. He began to cross the road.This is told as if the author is not in the story. It is as if the author is watching the characters and telling what he, she or they are doing.
7Third Person Point of ViewLimitedA narrator outside of the story tells the story.Uses he, she, or theyThe narrator knows how one character feels.OmniscientA narrator outside of the story tells the story.Uses he, she, or theyThe narrator knows what the characters are thinking.
There are different types of third person point of view. What is the root word in limited? Students should say limit. What does limit mean? A restriction is size or amount. You can only have so much. So you can think about that when you here limited point of view. You are restricted to having the point of view of only one character. Omniscient has the latin roots omni which means all and scientia which means all knowledge. If you put them together omniscient means all knowledge or or knowledge of all. So you can think of 3rd person point of view omniscient as having the knowledge of all of the characters.Have students compare and contrast the two different types of 3rd Person Point of View. Have students fill in a compare and contrast graphic organizer.8Practice
Read each paragraph and determine the point of view.I am getting ready to go to the store, but I forgot my keys in the house. Now I have to go back in and get them. The cold breeze is sending a chill up my spine. Maybe I will grab a coat while Im inside.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?
10Whats My Point of View?You are going to the dentist today. You have to have your mouth checked for cavities. Dont be scared, the doctor will take good care of you!First PersonSecond PersonThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?
11Whats my Point of View?There are a lot of reasons I dont like to sleep in the same room as Fudge. I found that out two months ago when my bedroom was painted. I had to sleep in Fudges room for three nights because the paint smell made me cough.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?12Whats my Point of ViewFor on thing he talks in his sleep. He must be scared of something. He screamed saying that a monster was after him and the woke up to run to the bathroom.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?13Whats my Point of View?Fudge at the flowers, he had to be feeling sick. Mom was nervous as she dialed the doctors number. The doctor listened carefully and finally laughed. He must have been relieved to find that Fudge had only eaten flowers. Mom hung up the phone, gave Fudge some medicine, and took a deep sigh. She must have had enough excitement for one day.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk the students what clue words helped them to figure out the point of view? Mom, Fudge, The doctor. He, she. We get a chance to see how mom, the doctor, and fudge are feeling but the author uses the pronouns he and she to describe the characters. This makes it third person omniscient.14Whats my Point of View?He was happy to be going to Grandmas house. He had not seen her in over a year, and there was nothing like grandmas love. He sat quietly in the back of his parents car looking out the window wondering if Grandma would be happy to see him too.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?
15Whats my Point of View?She went down to the attic afraid because there was a huge storm brewing outside. Grandma was on her way down but move slowly as she was afraid she might fall. The two of them huddled together in a corner and held on for comfort. For the first time since hearing about the storm, they both felt ready to face it.First PersonThird Person LimitedThird Person OmniscientAsk students what clue words help them to figure out the authors point of view?
16On Your OwnWrite an alternate ending to the The True Story of the Three Little Pigs.Use Third Person Omniscient Point of View to describe the feelings of all characters.Be sure to include lots of juicy details.Must be at least one paragraph.You can change this to match your style or a different story. Students can write from any point of view and can write more or less based on your grade level.
http://www.studyzone.org/testprep/ela4/o/maintainpointp2.cfm (A quiz to see if students mastered the concepts)17