O Captain! My Captain! By Walt Whitman. Walt Whitman. May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892 Left school at age 11 to work and bring in money for his family. Jobs included printing, publishing, teaching, writing, journalist, etc. As early as 1850, he began writing what would become Leaves of Grass. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
O Captain! My Captain! By Walt Whitman
O Captain! My Captain! By Walt Whitman1Walt WhitmanMay 31, 1819 March 26, 1892 Left school at age 11 to work and bring in money for his family. Jobs included printing, publishing, teaching, writing, journalist, etc.As early as 1850, he began writing what would become Leaves of Grass.
Walt Whitmans PoetryWhitman felt that the strength of the republic lay in its hardworking, patriotic citizens. He observed those citizens, jotting impressions of everyday scenes in a notebook.
Walt Whitman and the Civil WarThe expression of American personality through this war is not to be looked for in the great campaign and the battle-fights. It is to be looked for in the hospitals, among the wounded.
Ward K, Armory Square Hospital, Washington, D.C. [August 1865]Library of Congress Prints & Photographs DivisionWalt Whitman and the Civil WarBrother George immediately enlisted in the Army.His descriptions of battles gave soldiers feelings/reactions to the war. In December 1862, Walt saw the name of his brother listed among the wounded at Fredericksburg.
Walt Whitman and the Civil WarVisited military hospitals first in NY, then DC. "a heap of amputated feet, legs, arms, hands, & a full load for a one-horse cart." Worked as a clerk in several govt offices, but mostly interested in helping troops.
Emancipation ProclamationPresident Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862It freed all slaves in the Confederate StatesSlaves in the border states were not freed yetThis was the building block to the 13th Amendment to the ConstitutionThe 13th AmendmentThe 13th Amendment completely abolished slavery and prohibits its existence todayAt the time it was passed, slavery was only legal in Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri, Maryland and New JerseyThe 13th Amendment freed the remaining slaves in those statesAlthough President Lincoln proposed the 13th Amendment, he was assassinated before it was passedOur First President is Assassinated
John Wilkes BoothOn April 14, 1865, John Wilkes Booth entered Fords Theater and assassinated President Abraham LincolnBooth was a Southerner that did not agree with President Lincolns views on slavery
Walt Whitman and Abraham LincolnI see the President often. I think better of him than many do. He has conscience and homely shrewdness; conceals an enormous tenacity under his mild, gawky Western manner. The difficulties of his situation have been unprecedented in the history of statesmanship. That he has conserved the government so far is a miracle. - April 27, 1864
Walt Whitman and Abraham LincolnWhitman was devastated by Lincolns assassination and wrote O Captain! My Captain!
Poetic DevicesPoems appeal to our emotions and imagination, as well as to our sense of reason.
To help us feel and imagine, poets use poetic devices. Wow, thats really sad.
Poetic DevicesTo help us feel and imagine as we read a poem, poets use poetic devices, such as these:
figures of speech
imageryTen thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt; Five thousand tongues applauded when he wiped them on his shirt. Read these lines from Casey at the Bat by Ernest Lawrence Thayer. To what senses do these images appeal?
Ten thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt; Five thousand tongues applauded when he wiped them on his shirt. This image appeals to our sense of sight.
Ten thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt; Five thousand tongues applauded when he wiped them on his shirt. These images appeal to our senses of sight and touch.Ten thousand eyes were on him as he rubbed his hands with dirt; Five thousand tongues applauded when he wiped them on his shirt. This image appeals to our senses of sight and hearing.Poetic DevicesImagery
A symbol is something that has meaning in itself and also stands for something else.Poetic DevicesHere are some common symbols you will probably recognize:flag/countrydove/peace4-leaf clover/ good luck
Figures of speech are words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of another and are not meant literally.
The guard stood like a flagpole. This figure of speech compares the guards stance to a flagpole, suggesting that he stood unmoving, tall, and straight. Figures of Speech17
When poets carry a metaphor over several lines, it is called an extended metaphor.A metaphor is a figure of speech that makes a comparison without using a connecting word.The win was the fuel the team needed.
This metaphor compares the win with fuel. Like fuel, the win gives the team energy.
Poetic DevicesFigures of SpeechPoetic DevicesMetaphors are bridges. They create images by connecting any two different ideas, persons, places and things to show them in new ways.Extended metaphors When the two things are compared at some length and in several ways. It is a longer comparisonQuestions to ask yourself as you read:
What is the Metaphor?
How are the characteristics of the second noun used to describe the first noun?Extended Metaphor Life is Dirt The longer you hang on the smaller it gets. Get it wet, and you've got mud on your hands. Take care of life or it's overrun with weeds. Life can be rocky or smooth and it's great for throwing at people.What is the extended metaphor in this poem?
List characteristics of the two things being compared.
Was the metaphor used through the entire poem? If so, then we have an extended metaphor.Crafting the Lesson (We) Life is Dirt The longer you hang on the smaller it gets. Get it wet, and you've got mud on your hands. Take care of life or it's overrun with weeds. Life can be rocky or smooth and it's great for throwing at people.Metaphor: Life is dirt.
List characteristics of the second noun: mud, weeds, brown, rocky, smooth, throw it, shrinking, earth, bumpy.
Most people recognize a poem when they see it. There are exceptions to every rule, however, and poems come in many varieties.Forms of Poetry
Poems usually come in lines instead of sentences and present ideas in stanzas instead of paragraphs. 22O Captain! My Captain!An elegy is a poem of mourning, usually for someone who has died.
For example, Walt Whitmans O Captain! My Captain! is an elegy for the slain president Abraham Lincoln.
Task 1Close Read 1:
1) Box the title information, draw a line under each stanza, and number the stanzas.
2) As you read: - On the left check what you understand. - On the right write a question for parts you do not understand. Each stanza should have one questions needing to be answered.
3) Within the text, - Underline key words and details - Circle unfamiliar words and define or replace with synonyms. - Mark parts that are important, interesting, or surprising.
Task 2Close Read 2In your groups, you will work together to paraphrase (restate all of the text in your own words) each stanza on the worksheet chart.Example:
Then, answer the questions on the other side of the chart about the poem.
Text from PoemMy ParaphraseO the bleeding drops of red,/ Where on the deck my Captain lies,/ Fallen cold and dead.Oh, the blood is on the deck where my dead captain lies.