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  • NPNF210. Ambrose: Selected Works and Letters

    by

    Philip Schaff

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  • About NPNF210. Ambrose: Selected Works and Letters by Philip Schaff

    NPNF210. Ambrose: Selected Works and LettersTitle: http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf210.htmlURL: Schaff, PhilipAuthor(s): Grand Rapids, MI: Christian Classics Ethereal LibraryPublisher: Public DomainRights: 2004-07-27Date Created: All; Early ChurchCCEL Subjects:

    http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/npnf210.html http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/authInfo.html

  • Table of Contents

    p. iiAbout This Book. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 1Title Pages.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 3Translator's Preface.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 4Prolegomena.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 4Section I. Literature.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 5 Section II. Notes on Secular and Church History During the Latter Part of the Fourth Century.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 6Section III. Historical Summary and Chronological Tables.. . . . . . . . . . p. 9Section IV. On the Doctrine of St. Ambrose.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 11Section V. Life of St. Ambrose.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 14Section VI. Writings of St. Ambrose.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 22Dogmatic Treatises, Ethical Works, and Sermons.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 22On the Duties of the Clergy.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 22Introduction.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . p. 23Book I.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 23

    Chapter I. A Bishop's special office is to teach; St. Ambrose himself, however, has to learn in order that he may teach; or rather has to teach what he has not learnt; at any rate learning and teaching with himself must go on together.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 24 Chapter II. Manifold dangers are incurred by speaking; the remedy for which Scripture shows to consist in silence.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 25

    Chapter III. Silence should not remain unbroken, nor should it arise from idleness. How heart and mouth must be guarded against inordinate affections.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 26

    Chapter IV. The same care must be taken that our speech proceed not from evil passions, but from good motives; for here it is that the devil is especially on the watch to catch us.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 27

    Chapter V. We must guard also against a visible enemy when he incites us by silence; by the help of which alone we can escape from those greater than ourselves, and maintain that humility which we must display towards all.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 28 Chapter VI. In this matter we must imitate David's silence and humility, so as not even to seem deserving of harm.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 28 Chapter VII. How admirably Ps. xxxix. [xxxviii.] takes the place of an introduction. Incited thereto by this psalm the saint determines to write

    iii

    Philip SchaffNPNF210. Ambrose: Selected Works and Letters

  • on duties. He does this with more reason even than Cicero, who wrote on this subject to his son. How, further, this is so.. . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 29 Chapter VIII. The word “Duty” has been often used both by philosophers and in the holy Scriptures; from whence it is derived.. . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 30

    Chapter IX. A duty is to be chosen from what is virtuous, and from what is useful, and also from the comparison of the two, one with the other; but nothing is recognized by Christians as virtuous or useful which is not helpful to the future life. This treatise on duty, therefore, will not be superfluous.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 31

    Chapter X. What is seemly is often found in the sacred writings long before it appears in the books of the philosophers. Pythagoras borrowed the law of his silence from David. David's rule, however, is the best, for our first duty is to have due measure in speaking.. . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 32

    Chapter XI. It is proved by the witness of Scripture that all duty is either “ordinary” or “perfect.” To which is added a word in praise of mercy, and an exhortation to practise it.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 33

    Chapter XII. To prevent any one from being checked in the exercise of mercy, he shows that God cares for human actions; and proves on the evidence of Job that all wicked men are unhappy in the very abundance of their wealth.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 35 Chapter XIII. The ideas of those philosophers are refuted who deny to God the care of the whole world, or of any of its parts.. . . . . . . . . .

    p. 36

    Chapter XIV. Nothing escapes God's knowledge. This is proved by the witness of the Scriptures and the analogy of the sun, which, although created, yet by its light or heat enters into all things.. . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 37

    Chapter XV. Those who are dissatisfied with the fact that the good receive evil, and the evil good, are shown by the example of Lazarus, and on the authority of Paul, that punishments and rewards are reserved for a future life.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 38

    Chapter XVI. To confirm what has been said above about rewards and punishments, he adds that it is not strange if there is no reward reserved for some in the future; for they do not labour here nor struggle. He goes on to say also that for this reason temporal goods are granted to these persons, so that they may have no excuse whatever.. . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 39 Chapter XVII. The duties of youth, and examples suitable to that age, are next put forth.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 40

    Chapter XVIII. On the different functions of modesty. How it should qualify both speech and silence, accompany chastity, commend our prayers to God, govern our bodily motions; on which last point reference is made to two clerics in language by no means unsuited to its object.

    iv

    Philip SchaffNPNF210. Ambrose: Selected Works and Letters

  • Further he proceeds to say that one's gait should be in accordance with that same virtue, and how careful one must be that nothing immodest come forth from one's mouth, or be noticed in one's body. All these points are illustrated with very appropriate examples.. . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 43

    Chapter XIX. How should seemliness be represented by a speaker? Does beauty add anything to virtue, and, if so, how much? Lastly, what care should we take that nothing conceited or effeminate be seen in u s ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 44

    Chapter XX. If we are to preserve our modesty we must avoid fellowship with profligate men, also the banquets of strangers, and intercourse with women; our leisure time at home should be spent in pious and virtuous pursuits.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 45

    Chapter XXI. We must guard against anger, before it arises; if it has already arisen we must check and calm it, and if we cannot do this either, at least we should keep our tongue from abuse, so that our passions may be like boys' quarrels. He relates what Archites said, and shows that David led the way in this matter, both in his actions and in his writings.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 47 Chapter XXII. On reflection and passion, and on observing propriety of speech, both in ordinary conversation and in holding discussions.. . . .

    p. 48

    Chapter XXIII. Jests, although at times they may be quite proper, should be altogether banished among clerics. The voice should be plain and frank.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 49

    Chapter XXIV. There are three things to be noticed in the actions of our life. First, our passions are to be controlled by our reason; next, we ought to observe a suitable moderation in our desires; and, lastly, everything ought to be done at the right time and in the proper order. All these qualities shone forth so conspicuously in the holy men of Old Testament time, that it is evident they were well furnished with what men call the cardinal virtues.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    p. 51

    Chapter XXV. A reason is given why this book did not open with a discussion of the above-mentioned virtues. It is also concisely pointed out that the same virtues existed in the ancient fathers.. . . . . . . . .

    p. 53

    Chapter XXVI. In investigating the trut