November Synaxarion

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November Synaxarion

Text of November Synaxarion

November Synaxarion

November Synaxarion

This month has thirty days with ten hours of day and fourteen hours of night.November 1Memory of the holy Unmercenaries Cosmas and Damian(Beginning of the Fourth century).Natives of Asia, these holy martyrs spent themselves in the care of bodies and souls, as tradition reports it, healing all sickness and languor. Their solicitude was not restricted to men for it extended itself even to inanimate objects. They were called "Anargyres," Unmercenaries, because they refused to accept any return for their services. Under Emperor Maximian, they suffered martyrdom in Cilicia at the beginning of the Fourth century.

Fifth Class Feast.November 2Memory of the holy Martyrs Akindinos, Pegasios, Aphthonios, Elpidiphoros, and Anempodistos(+under Sapor II, 309-379).These holy martyrs suffered for the faith in Persia, under King Sapor, between 339 and 379. "Natives of Persia, they were the first victims of King Sapor's persecution. Saints Akindinos, Pegasios, and Anempodistos, very ardent in the true faith, courageously confessed Christ during numerous tortures in which they suffered no evil. Upon seeing their sufferings, Aphthonios embraced the Christian faith and was at once beheaded. Elpidiphoros, a member of the Royal Senate, was also converted and beheaded. As for Saints Akindinos, Pegasios, and Anempodistos, they were thrown into a pit full of wild beasts. They finally received the palm of martyrdom, burned in a furnace."

Fifth Class Feast.November 3Memory of the holy Martyrs Akepsimas (+378), Joseph the Priest, and Aeithalas (+379) the Deacon.The Dedication of the Church of the holy Great martyr George in Lydda and Placing of his relics in this church (Fourth century).The holy martyrs Akepsimas, Joseph, and Aeithalas lived under the Persian King Sapor. Saint Akepsimas, an eighty year old man, was the Bishop of Chnaita. Seized at the same time as Saint Joseph, a priest, and Saint Aeithalas, a deacon, he was led before governor Adharkoukhachid and three years later, before Adarsapor, the leader of the Magi. He committed his soul to God in 378, under the soldier's beating. Saint Joseph was fastened by the head and flayed alive, stoned, and buried under a pile of stones in 379. Saint Aeithalas, after various tortures, was also stoned to death in 379.

The Dedication of the Church of Saint George in Lydda took place under Emperor Constantine the Great.

Fifth Class Feast.November 4Memory of our venerable Father Joannikios the Great of Olympus (754-846)The holy Hieromartyrs Nicander, Bishop of Myra, and Hermeus the Priest (Second century)Our holy Father Joannikios the Great was born in 754 in Marycata in Bithynia, near the pool of Apolloniada. His parents charged him in his youth with feeding a herd of pigs. His occupation made him enroll in the army. He showed himself to be a valliant soldier in all the campaigns against the Bulgarians. Affiliated with his parents in the Iconoclast heresy, he abjured the impious doctrine which he had professed for a while in ignorance, thanks to the exhortations of an old man. One day, seeing several of his companions fall in the course of a battle and upset by this spectacle, he deserted the army and withdrew to Mount Olympus in 795. Recognized by one of his old army companions, he fled and took refuge on a mountain of Lycia where, after a revelation, he became a monk at the monastery of Eristea in 806. He withdrew successively to several mountains and died in 846, at an old age, under the patriarchate of Saint Methodius whose elevation to the patriarchal see he had predicted.

Fifth Class Feast.November 5Memory of the holy Martyrs Glaktion and Episteme, his wife (beginning of the Fourth century).These holy martyrs lived under Emperor Decius and President Secundus. Galaktion was born of pious parents, Keitophon and Leucippa, who were converted to the Christian faith by a Christian named Onuphrius and received holy Baptism. Saint Episteme, also born of pagan parents, was married to Saint Galaktion and baptized by him. These two holy spouses, having integrally conserved their virginity, embraced the monastic life and endured all the austerities and privations which go with it. Seized by Governor Ursus and interrogated on their faith, they suffered multiple tortures. They were cruelly beaten, sharp-pointed reeds were driven under their fingernails, and then their martyrdom by the sword. Saint Galaktion was thirty years old, and Saint Episteme was sixteen years old.

Fifth Class Feast.November 6Memory of our Father among the Saints, Paul the Confessor, Bishop of Constantinople (+351)A native of Thessalonica, Saint Paul was the secretary of Alexander, the Bishop of Constantinople. After the latter's death, the Orthodox elected him Bishop of Constantinople in 337 while Emperor Constantius was in Antioch. Having returned from Antioch, Constantius expelled him from his see in 339. The Saint arrived in Rome at the same time that Saint Athanasius, the Archbishop of Alexandria, was himself expelled from his see. Supplied with letters from Pope Saint Julius I, Saint Paul resumed possession of his Church in 340 but was expelled from it again after a short time in 342 by the intrigues of the Arians. After the Council of Sardica (343-344), by the intervention of Constans, the brother of Constantius, he re-ascended his throne in 346. When Constans died in Rome in 350, he was again persecuted (351) and exiled to Cucusus in Armenia, where he was strangled by order of the Arians.

Fifth Class Feast.November 7Memory of the Thirty-Three Martyrs of Melitene (Beginning of the Fourth century).Our venerable Father Lazarus the Wonderworker, Monk of Mount Galesium (968-1054).The thirty-three holy martyrs suffered for the faith under Emperor Diocletian, at the beginning of the Fourth century.

A native of Asia, Saint Lazarus was born in 968 in a village on the border of Magnesia. At the age of six he was put into the monastery of the Orobes to learn the Holy Scriptures. Five years later his heart was inflamed with an ardent desire to withdraw to the places sanctified by the Passion of Christ. He visited the Church of the Resurrection, guided by the Archdeacon, and thanks to him, was admitted among the number of ascetics in the monastery of Saint Sabbas, and was ordained a priest by the Patriarch of Jerusalem. When the Arabs, in their revolt against the Caliph of Egypt, had ravaged all of Palestine and destroyed to Mount Galesius opposite the city, an abrupt and inaccessible mountain to the crowd. Nevertheless his reputation spread everywhere, and a great crowd of monks, desirious to practice asceticism in his company, asked to join him. He lived successively on three columns, in various places, and founded the monasteries of the Savior, vegetables and drank water, and that only once or twice weekly, joyously suffering the cold and heat. He died in old age, in 1054.

Fifth Class Feast.November 8The Apostle Paul says that Angels are: spirits in the service of God, sent as servants for the good of those who must receive the heritage of salvation." God has established them as protectors and guides of every nation and people. He charged them to guard those who hope in Him so that nothing harms them and no evil comes near their dwelling. In heaven, they continually see the face of God, sing the Thrice-holy Hymn, intercede for us, and rejoice over a single sinner who is converted. In a word, in serving God, the angels have rendered us so many services that the pages of Holy Scripture are filled with them.

This is why the Church, honoring these divine ministers, our intercessors and guardians, today celebrates this synaxis (a coming together to celebrate a feast). The Church recalls in particular the names of Saints Michael and Gabriel because they are related to us by Holy Scripture. The word "Michael" signifies "Who is like God?", and the word "Gabriel," "God is powerful." According to Holy Scripture, the number of angels is infinite, as Daniel saw "thousands upon thousands serve God, and myriads upon myriads stand before Him" (Daniel 7:10). They are divided into nine choirs which are: the Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, Dominations, Virtues, Powers, Principalities, Archangels, and Angels.

Third Class Feast. Typika and Beatitudes. Ordinary Isodikon. Troparia: of the Holy Angels, and of the Church Patron. Kondakion of the Entrance into the Temple of our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary (November 21). Henceforth, it is by this Kondakion that the singing of the Troparia is ended, on Sundays and Major Feasts. Epistle, Gospel, and Kinonikon of the Holy Angels.In occurrence with a Sunday: Typika and Beatitudes. Isodikon of the Sunday. Troparia: of the Resurrection, of the Holy Angels, and of the Church Patron. Kondakion of the Entrance into the Temple of our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary. Epistle of the Holy Angels (that of the Sunday will be read on the following day). Gospel of the Sunday. Kinonikon of the Sunday.November 9Memory of the holy Martyrs Onesiphoros and Porphyrios (?)Our venerable Mother Matrona (+under Emperor Leo, 457-474)Saints Onesiphoros and Porphyrios suffered martyrdom under Emperors Diocletian and Maximian in 290 (?).

Saint Matrona lived under Emperor Leo the Great (457-474) and his wife Berina. A native of Perge in Pamphylia, Matrona was married to a certain Dometios and only had one daughter by him. She went to Constantinople with her husband, at the age of fifteen. There she formed a friendship with a virgin named Eugenia, whose kind of life she greatly admired. From then on she never left the churches. Her love of God always increasing, she confided her daughter with a woman of her acquaintance, named Susanna, and followed the Master's counsel: "He who wishes to come after Me, let him renounce himself, take up his cross an