North-South-South Cooperation for Municipal Solid .North-South-South Cooperation for Municipal Solid

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  • North-South-South Cooperation for Municipal Solid Waste Management

    (MSWM) in Asia

    D.G.J.Premakumara

    IGES, Kitakyushu Urban Center Regional Workshop of the CCAC-MWMI, 23-24 Feb 2014 in Surabaya

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 2

    Presentation outline

    Introduction

    Practical application of North-South-

    South Cooperation in MSWM in Asia

    Key lessons learned

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 3

    Why MSWM is a matter? It is the major public health and

    environmental concern in the

    developing cities, including GHG

    emissions (ADB 2013).

    It is the largest single budget allocation

    (estimated about 40% of the

    municipalitys operating budget) and

    also one of the largest employers in the

    developing cities (ADB 2004).

    It is directly associated with the citys

    efforts in accelerating the economic

    growth and urbanization. The richer we

    get, the more we discharged (World

    Bank 2012).

    Uncollected waste dumped in Makassar

    City, Aug/2012

    Uncollected waste dumped in Colombo,

    Apr/2011

    Inayawan landfill in Cebu City, Apr/2010

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 4

    It is the mirror of the municipal service delivery and good governance in the city.

    Situation of MSWM in Surabaya City in 2001 and 2006 (Photo: Surabaya City, 2012)

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 5

    Historical Development of International Cooperation

    Stage Type of partnership Resource distribution

    1st stage (since late

    1940s)

    North-South

    Cooperation (NSC)

    Developed country/city

    to developing

    country/city

    2nd stage (since 1960s) South-South

    Cooperation (SSC)

    Developing country/city

    to developing

    country/city

    3rd stage (since 1990s) North-South-South

    Cooperation (NSSC) or

    Triangular Cooperation

    Developing country/city

    to developing

    country/city in

    partnership with

    developed country/city Source: Briefing paper. Trilateral Development Cooperation: An Emerging Trend. CUTS Centre for International Trade, Economics &

    Environment. No. 1/2005

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 6

    Development of a model community (Kampong Rungkut Lor) under the technical cooperation of Kitakyushu City and Pusdakota in Surabaya City

    Educated residents to separate waste at source and use of Takakura compost bin

    Collected H/H waste separately

    Organic waste treated at composting center

    Educated residents to start organic farming at H/H and community

    Educated women to start H/H business from recycling materials

    Rest sell in Market

    Model community for community

    based SWM (200 H/H)

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 7

    Up-scaling the model project by the Surabaya City Government

    Pusdakotas

    community-

    based SWM

    and

    composting

    method

    Surabaya City in

    collaboration with

    the PKK (womens

    group), other

    NGOs, private

    company and the

    media

    Community

    groups

    Community

    groups

    Community

    groups

    Community

    groups

    Recruit environmental

    cadres for awareness

    rising

    Distribution of Takakura

    baskets

    Establish compost

    facility

    Surabaya Green and

    Clean programme

    Successful

    model

    Appreciation and up-

    scaling by the City

    Government

    Strategic actions

    Other

    communities

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 8

    From Surabaya to other cities in Asia

    Surabayas

    experience on

    community-

    based solid

    waste

    management

    and

    composting

    (Surabaya City

    and

    Pusdakota)

    Kitakyushu

    City/KITA/

    IGES

    (with the

    financial

    assistance

    of ESCAP,

    JICA, CLAIR

    and JFGE) Talisay,

    Philippines

    Medan

    Balikpapan

    Tarakan

    Makassar

    Palembang

    C. jakarta

    Bangkok,

    Thailand

    Sibu,

    Malaysia

    Lalitpur,

    Nepal

    Cebu,

    Philippines

    Bago,

    Philippines

    Semarang

    Within

    Indonesia

    Outside

    Indonesia

    Facilitate by the IGES using city-to-

    city network

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 9

    Expansion of Surabayas experience in other Asian Cities

    . Source: JICA and IGES, 2012

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 10

    The replicated cities introduce to nearby cities: A case of Cebu City

    Application of CBSW and

    Composting in Cebu City

    Introducing

    to other

    nearby

    cities in the

    Philippines

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 11

    KitaQ System Composting Network further assist the replication of Surabaya model (http://kitaq-compost.net/)

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 12

    Key lessons learned

    The initial cooperation between Kitakyushu City and

    Pusdakota in Surabaya helps to establish an effective

    model for MSWM which is appropriate for developing

    countries.

    The model is very simple, low-cost, effective and easy to

    replicate. Technology and policies are more relevant than

    from a developed country.

    However, the help from developed countries is often

    necessary through facilitator because developing countries

    sometimes have significant expertise and experience in

    certain areas, while lacking the capabilities to transfer

    these with their own resources

  • Your Name Here IGES | http://www.iges.or.jp Workshop title, Date, Venue Here 13

    Key lessons learned

    Kitakyushu City in partnership with IGES, KITA and other

    development partners facilitate scaling up through the

    exchange of know-how, the transfer of resources and the

    strengthening of capacity.

    By means of North-South-South development cooperation

    intermediate technology and intermediate policy can be

    introduced together with developing countries and

    replication can be facilitated through city-to-city cooperation.