North Central Hertfordshire Growth and Transport Plan PK2 North and West Stevenage PK3 East and South

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  • North Central Hertfordshire

    Growth and Transport Plan

    Prospectus

    2019

    Hitchin

    Baldock

    Royston

    Stevenage

    Letchworth

    Garden City

  • What is a Growth and

    Transport Plan and why is it

    needed?

    A Growth and Transport Plan (‘GTP’) has been developed by

    Hertfordshire County Council with involvement from district/

    borough councils and other stakeholders, to consider the

    key problems and opportunities which currently exist or may

    occur in the future on the transport network, and to identify

    what types of interventions are needed to improve the

    transport network.

    A GTP is a supporting document to the County Council’s

    Local Transport Plan 4 which defines the important policies

    and priorities affecting transport across Hertfordshire. A

    GTP identifies what interventions could be required to

    deliver the County Council’s overarching policies and

    priorities.

    The North Central (NC) GTP is one of five GTPs being

    developed for different parts of Hertfordshire. It covers the

    towns of Stevenage, Hitchin, Letchworth Garden City,

    Baldock and Royston, and key transport links between these

    towns and to surrounding areas. The South Central (SC) GTP

    has been developed along the NC GTP and covers the

    southern end of the A1(A1(M) including Welwyn Garden City.

    The two GTPs are therefore aligned and packages of

    interventions will work together.

    Important transport links in this area include the A1(M), A10,

    A505, A507, A602 and B197 roads, the East Coast Main

    Line and Cambridge railway lines, the National Cycle Route

    12 and a range of local and longer distance bus and coach

    services.

    This area faces significant levels of proposed new housing

    and employment development. This will create additional

    travel pressure on different parts of the transport network

    including extra cars on roads and people needing to access

    jobs, schools, shops and key services on foot, by bike and

    by public transport.

    New homes and jobs are also proposed in surrounding areas

    including Central Bedfordshire, South Cambridgeshire,

    Luton (including the airport) and the rest of Hertfordshire.

    To help ensure the transport network continues to work

    safely and efficiently, the GTP identifies packages of

    interventions. These interventions could address current

    and future traffic congestion issues; provide more

    opportunities and choice for people to walk, cycle or travel

    by bus and train; and help to reduce the negative impacts

    that transport can have on communities including noise and

    poor air quality. Interventions can be small or large, and

    could be introduced in the near future or the longer term

    depending on whether or not there is local support for them;

    how complex they are to develop; when they are needed,

    and if enough funding is available.

    1 | What is a Growth

    and Transport Plan

    and why is it

    needed?

    2 | What are the

    objectives of the

    GTP?

    3 | How has the GTP

    been developed?

    4 | What does the

    GTP propose?

    5 | How you can

    have a say on the

    GTP & Next Steps

    1 |

  • Hitchin

    Stevenage

    Baldock

    Letchworth Garden

    City

    Royston

    Knebworth

    North Central GTP

    indicative area of focus

    Highway network

    National Cycle Routes

    Railways

  • What are the objectives of

    the GTP?

    Objectives are important as they can help to guide the

    preparation of a Growth and Transport Plan and ensure

    the types of interventions and decisions being made will

    lead to the right outcomes.

    Six objectives are identified for the NC GTP based on the

    following themes (which are closely aligned with

    Hertfordshire County Council’s LTP4):

    The six objectives provide guidance on what the NC GTP

    should aim to achieve.

    These objectives seek to improve transport links between

    and within towns and rural areas; reducing disruption to

    improve journeys; making transport networks and services

    more accessible for different people particularly those in

    more remote areas; enhancing neighbourhood and town

    centres to support vibrant communities and boosting the

    economy; and preserve and enhance the local

    environment and quality of life.

    Planning for transport needs to move away from the

    building of new roads as the main way of dealing with the

    effects of planned new homes and jobs. Whilst more

    targeted improvements to some roads will continue to be

    required, this approach is no longer sustainable as it can

    have long lasting, negative impacts on the environment

    and local communities. Instead, there needs to be a focus

    towards making journeys by sustainable modes of travel

    like walking, cycling and public transport, easier and more

    attractive to people. This shift in approach provides a

    backdrop to LTP4 and to the proposals put forward in the

    NC GTP.

    1 | What is a Growth

    and Transport Plan

    and why is it

    needed?

    2 | What are the

    objectives of the

    GTP?

    3 | How has the GTP

    been developed?

    4 | What does the

    GTP propose?

    5 | How you can

    have a say on the

    GTP

    2 |

  • How was the GTP developed?

    The process of developing the

    NC GTP starts with a review of

    evidence at Stage 1. This evidence includes UK Census

    data which shows where people

    travel to and from for work and

    by which mode of transport, e.g.

    car or train; data on how the

    transport network currently

    operates, e.g. where traffic

    delays and congestion can occur, and how it is predicted

    to operate in the future; and information on where new

    homes and jobs are planned.

    At Stage 2, the evidence is used to identify where

    improvements are needed. The

    NC GTP area is very large, and it

    would therefore not be feasible

    or affordable for the County

    Council to address all known

    growth and transport

    challenges. The approach has

    therefore been to prioritise movements between locations

    (what are called Interactions) to help focus on where

    improvements are most needed.

    Stage 3 Option Development involves using the evidence of

    the current and future growth

    and transport challenges

    reviewed during Stage 1, and the

    outcomes identified at Stage 2,

    to identify interventions which

    are grouped into Packages.

    Following public

    consultation

    comments will

    be reviewed and

    updates will be

    made where

    appropriate to

    the NC GTP

    before it is

    adopted (Stage

    5).

    1 | What is a Growth

    and Transport Plan

    and why is it

    needed?

    2 | What are the

    objectives of the

    GTP?

    3 | How has the GTP

    been developed?

    4 | What does the

    GTP propose?

    5 | How you can

    have your say on the

    GTP

    3 |

  • What does the GTP propose?

    The proposals in the NC GTP are defined as

    Interventions.

    Interventions can vary a lot in scale and form. To help the

    County Council plan for and prioritise interventions, it is

    important that that smaller interventions are distinguished

    from larger interventions as this could help the council

    identify some ‘quick wins’, i.e. those interventions that can

    be implemented and lead to benefits to transport users in

    a shorter amount of time. It can also help the council

    identify the more complex interventions that will require a

    lot more detailed investigations.

    In all cases more work and further consultation with local

    communities and stakeholders will be needed before any

    of the interventions are implemented.

    Smaller, potentially simpler and cheaper interventions are

    classed as Projects. Some Projects are strongly linked

    with each other and it is recommended that they are

    developed and implemented at the same time - these are

    called Linked Project Groups. Larger, more complex

    interventions are classed as Schemes.

    All of the interventions have been grouped into Packages.

    A Package represents a collection of Interventions, all of

    which aim to address the same growth and transport

    challenges. Fifteen Packages have been defined in the NC

    GTP. These are summarised over the next few pages, and

    are grouped by town, starting in Stevenage and ending in

    Royston.

    More detailed information is contained in the NC GTP

    Interventions Paper.

    1 | What is a Growth

    and Transport Plan

    and why is it