Click here to load reader

Neolithic Age: (New Stone, Polished stone) · PDF file Neolithic Age: (New Stone, Polished stone) •Definition: Period of human history that began with the discovery of agriculture

  • View
    11

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Text of Neolithic Age: (New Stone, Polished stone) · PDF file Neolithic Age: (New Stone, Polished...

  • Neolithic Age: (New Stone, Polished stone)

    • Definition: Period of human history that began with the discovery of agriculture & livestock around 10.000 B.C., and finished when metallurgy was discovered.

    Characteristics

    • Agriculture & Raising Livestock

    • New Tools & Techniques

    • First Villages

    • Cave painting

  • • New Stone (polished)

    • New economy : Agriculture and Livestock

    More stability, food secure Sedentarism

    • New habitat: Villages

    • There was division of labour

    • Tools: polished stone tools such as axes

    • Other innovations: pottery, cloth, boiling of food.

    Neolithic Age: Characteristics

  • Neolithic Age: Agriculture & Livestock

    •Earth’s temperature increased.

    Large herbivores moved north &

    the plant species increased

    (barley, millet, wild wheat…)

    •There were not as many animals,

    so people started to grow plants

    •First crops: cereals and legumes

    •They used handmills to grind

    flour

    •They began to domesticate

    animals (sheep, goats, pigs, oxen)

    •They used vegetable fibers to

    make baskets

  • Neolithic Age: Livestock

    Cave painting with husbandry scenes

  • Neolithic Tools: Hand Mill

  • Neolithic Tools: Sickles

    Wood sickle with flint stones

  • Neolithic Tools: Polished Axe

  • Neolithic Habitat: First Villages

  • Neolithic Age: Cave Paintings

    •Why? Probably religious significance associated with fertility rites

    •Topic: Animals and Human Being.

    •Where? On rocks in the open air or in shallow caves.

    •Colours: Usually only one colour (red or black)

    •Style: schematic: Simplified forms

    •Examples: Levantine area. La Valltortá (Castellón)

    Bisons in the Altamira cave

  • Neolithic Age: Rocks & Cave Paintings

    Cogull

    Valltorta Cueva de la Araña

  • Differences between Paleolithic & Neolithic Paintings

    •Paintings in caves

    •Only animal figures

    •Several colours

    •Realistic and detailed

    •Static figures

    •Area: Cantabrian coast

    •Paintings on rocks in open air or in shallow caves

    •Animals and humans figures

    •Only one color (usually red or black)

    •Schematic

    •Motion

    •Area: Mediterranean/Levantine

  • Neolithic Age: Pottery

  • Neolithic Age: Pottery

    Venus of Willendorf

  • Homework

    Book: pg 95 Ex. 5

Search related