Neo-Classical Period - Art

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    THE NEO-CLASSICAL ARTS

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    HOW DID THE NEO-CLASSICAL MOVEMENT IN

    ARTS COME ABOUT?

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    Many artists during the mid-17 th century,like the Frenchmen, profited much fromthe nobles and royals.They did this by appealing to theextravagance and ornate lifestyles of therich.Many artists cater to the caprices andvanities to promote the royal lifestyles bymeans of the visual arts.

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    WHAT IS NEO-CLASSICAL ART?

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    NATURAL REALISM became the trendduring this period to portray the magnificenceof the national character of the people and

    their leaders. Artists were inspired by the Graeco-Romanhistory and myths which deal with humancharacters around this theme.

    Artists looked back to the old glory of Greeceand the grandeur of Rome.

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    FAMOUS ARTISTS DURING THE NEO-

    CLASSICAL PERIOD

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    JACQUES-LOUIS DAVID1748-1825): FRENCH

    Although born to illustrious parents,David preferred to work more with themilitant intellectuals who were tooverthrow the French monarchialsystem. His solid proper training in artand literature made him the primepropagandist of the revolutionaries. Heportrayed the grandeur of characters ofthe ancient Greek and Romansprotecting the affairs of their particular

    state.His weakness of not being a goodspeaker made him more expressive inpainting. Human characters andvirtuous actions are powerfully

    conveyed. His subjects seem to bulgeout from his canvas; thus, they appear

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    Fascinated and inspired by the past cultures of

    the Romans and the Greeks, David used hisknowledge of the classical culture to advancehis political views against the monarchy. Hissubjects are his ideal heroes whom he wantedto be emulated by his countrymen. The linesand forms of his genre are juxtapostition ofvertical, horizontal, and diagonal lines toconvey the THEATRICAL ELEMENT.

    In The Oath of the Horatii , the patriotic threesons on the left firmly saluted in the gesture ofa gladiator who is ready to die. Likewise, thegesture of old philosopher Socrates stronglypointed upward appeared very firmed to his

    belief even in the face of death. The use ofchiascuro (the play of light and dark) is subtlywashed to emphasize the mood of courage,patriotism, and brotherhood. The space is putin almost as balance as to colors and shapes.His central figure is always a man, whodominates the whole scene.

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    JEAN AUGUSTE DOMINIQUEINGRES

    1780- 1867): FRENCHUnlike his teacher David , Ingres, was not involved in theRevolution. But he admired the post-revolutiongovernance of the Emperor Napoleon and the imposingpersonality of the leader himself. As an innate giftedartist, Ingres was granted scholarship with art studies inRome, and thereafter appointed as President f Ecole desBeaux Art (the most prestigious University in France).Being religious since childhood, he wanted to combinereligion, history, and Greek mythology as motif of almostall of his masterpieces.Ingres is a master of using neutral earth colors to depictthe antiquity and nostalgic mood of the remote past.But he is very rigorous when it comes to portraying theelite women of his time. He appreciated educated,

    cultured, and imposing women who are subjects of hisworksThe content (mood, character, and idea) of his paintingsare well combined with excellent color as and direction oflines

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    Ingres loved to portray ancient

    history, using Greek mythologyas motif. The gesture thatreflected the Roman and Greekidea of courage, nobility, and

    righteousness dominate Ingres paintings. As he is tooobsessed with Greekmythology and religion, he

    painted objects in solid andweighty form to conveystrength and used smoothtexture to express elegance.

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    FAMOUS ARTISTS DURING THE ROMAN

    PERIOD

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    FRANCISCO JOSE DE GOYA Y LUCIENTES1746-1828): SPANISH

    Studied under the vituoso of art teacher Luzan in Saragoza duringhis childhood, Goya furthered his art studies in Rome where hehoned his loose-brushstrokes style copying from Renaissancemasters. Upon his return to his beloved country, he worked asportraitist of the nobles, and shortly after, was appointed officialpainter of the Royal Court of King Charles IVIn his midlife, he became deaf due to unknown malady. Thoughhis sickness had made him learned to polish his paintings more.

    But this time, he became more aloft and extremely critical of thesocial and political events, especially the French temporaryannexation of Spain.His disposition turned to be darker than usual, and he appeared tobe pessimistic. He dared to paint paranormal phenomena of ghostsand witches. Nevertheless, his ability to read human character andtranslate the same to the canvas is incredible an ability hesharpened until his death in 1828.His ability to use colors to reveal the characters of his subjectsand to handle the gradation of their values is unusual. Thegradation between black and purple side by side with red in hisworks tend to project the bizarre and appalling atmosphere of hispaintings. Yet, he succeeded to express beauty amidst darkness.

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    In The Third of May, he expressed

    his emotions of disgust in humanityby painting an image of a bloodbathperpetrated by French soldiers on hisbeloved countrymen. The colorssuggest sheer horror and cold

    carnage. The spectacle of the bizarreis the theme of most of his genres.This is also shown in his famousmasterpiece Isabel, though amidstimages of dignity and elegance

    The direction of diagonal, vertical,and horizontal lines jibes well with thecolors and perspective in imparting ahorrible scene. The mastery of suchstrokes is his tool in painting theparanormal, witches, lunatic, anddepressed.

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