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NDIA Introduction Brief Mar 2007 UNCLASSIFIED Col James Fritz, USMC Joint Test Director [email protected] Col Ed Mitchell, USMCR Deputy Joint Test Director [email protected] Mr. J.D. Wilson GS-15 Technical Director [email protected] Dr. George Nobles Senior Program Manager [email protected]

NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

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Page 1: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

NDIAIntroduction

BriefMar 2007

UNCLASSIFIED

Col James Fritz, USMCJoint Test Director

[email protected]

Col Ed Mitchell, USMCRDeputy Joint Test Director

[email protected]

Mr. J.D. Wilson GS-15Technical Director

[email protected]

Dr. George NoblesSenior Program [email protected]

Page 2: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

MEU

BATTALION

BRIGADE

ESG MRC-142

EPLRS

EPLRS

DATA CAPABLE

PATH

DATA CAPABLE PATH

SMART-T

ARMY

MARINE CORPS

Battlespace Assumptions

BLT

1/67 Armor Bn

A-1/72 AR

1/3rd 3DUIC: M13111

C-1/3

REGIMENT

BATTALION3rd MAR REGTUIC: M13101

Air Force

MSR 1 AF

FORD

JTF Afloat

2nd BDE 4nd ID

Page 3: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

• JMNO’s evaluation of mobile network operations began looking at how Services connect to each other to achieve Net-centricity

– Services ‘generally’ DON’T plan for inter-Service communications links at tactical level below HHQ

– Transmissions between units within close proximity (within miles) traditionally use ‘out of theatre’ bandwidth-constrained links to connect

– Initial findings suggest use of “lateral links” between tactical nodes will enable passing of critical warfighter applications between tactical Service units

• JMNO initial recommendation: Build Joint TTPs that provide a preset plan for routing any Service IP data to any other Services’ networks

– Create “Lateral Link Nodes” to laterally connect Service Networks – Create “Multi-Service Distribution Nodes” to connect three or more Lateral Link

Nodes.• Expected results of JMNO JTTPs:

– Provide the JTF Commander “net-centricity” without breaking the Service TOC networks.

– Less time to coordinate network capability for Joint Force Task Organizations (hours vice months)

– Greater flexibility for maneuver units, it will provide a way to stay connected when beyond the range of HHQ data radios

Bottom Line Up FrontBottom Line Up Front

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Issue 1 – Network-to-network connectivityWhat is the level of network interoperability achieved between different

Services at the tactical level by implementing JMNO-developed mobile NetOps joint TTPs?

Issue 2 – User cross-network supportTo what extent do JMNO-developed mobile NetOps joint TTPs enable a

tactical user to access information resources and network services via a different Service’s (host) network?

The lack of joint tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP) limit the forces’ ability to access information resources and network

services when crossing network boundaries

JMNO Problem StatementJMNO Problem Statement

Page 5: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

Purpose: To develop and assess joint TTPs to improve forces’ ability to access information and network services while crossing Service IP network boundaries

• Improve mobile network access and maintain current performance by identifying and developing joint doctrine and recommending DOTMLPF changes

• Enhance user-connectivity to their Service’s (home network’s) information resources while maneuvering through the battlespace

• Enable interoperability and Information Assurance (IA) between different Services’ networks

• Maintain Quality of Service across network boundaries

End State: Seamless and transparent IP connectivity for current and future users

JMNO Purpose & ObjectivesJMNO Purpose & Objectives

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Basic Premises:•• Will not changeWill not change Service (OGA or Coalition) internal

networks•• NoNo specificspecific materielmateriel solutionssolutions

Plan of AttackPlan of Attack

Joint Standards and Procedures allow Joint Standards and Procedures allow access through a Joint “Purple Zone”access through a Joint “Purple Zone”

• Separate and multiple “bi-lateral” connections• Negotiation time about 6 months

Page 7: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

RR R

USMC USA/JNN USAF

Test Article (USMC-USA-USAF)(Router Configuration)

Current DISNPathway

Current DISNPathway

DISN

Page 8: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

USMC USA/JNN USAF

RR R

Test Article (Router Configuration)

interface Serial0/1 description Interface to MCTSSA

bandwidth 1024 ip address 199.112.187.41

255.255.255.252 no ip proxy-arp

ip route-cache flow ip ospf cost 1000

max-reserved-bandwidth 100 service-policy output

SerialAggregate

router eigrp 1775 redistribute static

redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface FastEthernet0/1

redistribute eigrp 5819 (done on 11/7/06 to for AFFOR to talk to MCTSSA through JNN)

network 144.104.0.0 network 199.112.187.0

no auto-summary!

router ospf 21 log-adjacency-changes

redistribute eigrp 5819 metric 100 subnets redistribute eigrp 1775 metric 100 subnets network 144.104.246.144 0.0.0.7 area 0network 144.104.246.193 0.0.0.0 area 0

default-information originate

Port Configuration

Routing Protocol

Routing Protocol

Page 9: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

RR R

USMC USA/JNN USAF

Test Article (USMC-USA-USAF)(Router Configuration)

JMNO installed a Lateral Link Configuration (LLC)To routers within the Service’s communications nodes.More Volume: LLC Improvement – Throughput:

HTTP 94%. Faster Traffic: LLC Improvement - Latency:

HTTP 49%.

JMNOTest Article

Pathway LLC

Current DISNPathway

Current DISNPathway

DISN

JMNOTest Article

Pathway LLC

Page 10: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

Current Joint Connectivity

JTF/DISN

• JMNO’s Evaluation of mobile network operations:•Began looking at how Services connect to each other to achieve Net-centricity• Services don’t plan for inter-Service communications links at tactical level• Even units within close proximity (miles) use bandwidth-constrained links out

of theater to connect• Initial findings suggest use of lateral links improves passing of critical warfighter

applications between Joint tactical units

The DISN cloud is the lowest common information pathway

USAUSMC USAF

USN

OBJ

Page 11: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

JMNO “Tactic”

Purple Zone

The JTF J6 is in the best position to coordinate the shifting of network resources as forces maneuverThe MSDN provide the “Purple Zone” to the operating maneuver forcesThe MSDN performs the joint TTP providing: 1)Connection 2)Access 3)Authorization

•JTF J6 Can perform dynamic network operations and management by designating which Lateral Link Nodes within the Service components become “MultiMulti--service Distribution Nodes”service Distribution Nodes” (MDN) and shifting network resources accordingly

OBJ

JTF/DISNThe DISN cloud is the lowest common information pathway

Page 12: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

Lateral Link Node Lateral Link Node

Lateral Link NodeLateral Link Node: A communications node within a service that acts as an IP traffic gateway to and from other Armed Services Lateral Link Nodes via a JMNO lateral link.

Lateral Link

JMNO “Technique”

- JTF J6 and Service Components: 1. Designate Lateral Link Nodes within their commands2. Establish physical Joint Lateral Link

OBJ

Page 13: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

JMNO “Technique”

MDN

MultiMulti--service Distribution Nodeservice Distribution Node (MDN): A Lateral Link Node with the additional function of passing IP traffic from one Service to another via a series JMNO lateral links. Employment of MDN provides a “Purple Zone” capability.

Lateral Link Node

Purple Zone

- JTF J6 and Service Components: 1. Assign Lateral Link Nodes within their commands2. Establish physical Joint Lateral Link3. Assign Multi-service Distribution Nodes (MDN)

- Based on JTF mission, terrain, available equipment, and commander's intent

Lateral Link NodeLateral Link Node

Page 14: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

• JMNO was chartered on February 15, 2006 by OSD• 3 year / ~$15 million joint effort

– First USMC-led Joint Test and Evaluation• JMNO is a Non-Materiel solution

– Deliverable is a joint tactics, techniques, and procedures document that solves protocol challenges for Mobile Networking in joint maneuver warfare.

• Will provide a preset plan for joining any service’s units to any other service’s network(s)

– Less time to coordinate network capability for Joint Force Task Organizations (hours vice months)

– Will provide a way to stay connected when beyond the range of HHQ data radios• JMNO GOSC Chartered 13 Jul 06

– Chaired by RADM Hight (JTF-GNO)• JMNO JWAG met 28-30 Aug 2006

– Formed collaborative working groups• JMNO lab discovery 16Oct – 9 Nov

– Verified lateral link connectivity configurations between USA & USMC and USA & USAF equipment strings to document in the initial JMNO TTP

JMNO BackgroundJMNO Background

Page 15: NDIA Introduction Brief · 2017. 5. 19. · router eigrp 1775 redistribute static redistribute ospf 21 metric 1500 100 250 10 1200 passive-interface FastEthernet0/0 passive-interface

Documents

Reports

Test Events

Risk Reduction

Meetings

Advisories

Prog

ram

Cha

rter

Prog

ram

Clo

se D

own

MT FT1

MT

TR

JUICE UFL08

FT1

DICE

TF08

FT2

FT2

TETR

GOSC

JWAG

SAC

JWAG JWAG

GOSC

TAG

PHASE I PHASE II PHASE III

GOSC

QL QLQL TR

PTP DTP DTP DTP

JAN 06 APR JUL OCT JAN 07 APR JUL OCT JAN 08 APR JUL OCT JAN09 APR

TCP

LLFR

Reviews

PTP = Program Test Plan DTP = Detailed Test Plan TR = Test ReportMT = Mini-Test FT = Field Test QL = Quick-Look ReportLL = Lessons Learned Report FR = Final Report SAC = Senior Advisory CommitteeRR = Risk Reduction TAB = Technical Advisory Board GOSC = General Officer Steering CommitteeTAG = Technical Advisory Group TCP = Test Closedown Plan JWAG = Joint Warfighter Advisory GroupTF = Terminal Fury TETR = Test Event Technical Review UFL = Ulchi-Focus Lens

DICE = DoD Interoperability Communications Exercise JUICE = Joint Users Interoperability Communications Exercise

GOSC

Today

JMNO ScheduleJMNO Schedule