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Native Perennial Plant Guide attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. Leaves are smooth and shiny with serrated edg-es and grow to six inches long. Makes a great cut flower for

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  • Black-eyed Susan, Rudbekia hirta: The 2-3 inch wide bright-yellow daisy-like flowers

    have a dark brownish center. This plant will bloom throughout the summer on stiff,

    leafy, upright stems that will form large clumps if allowed. It is also drought toler-

    ant. Flowers are favored by bees and butterflies. Full sun to part shade, medium to

    dry soils. Benefits butterflies. Height: 1-3’

    Blue Vervain, Verbena hastata: Square stems consist of opposite, serrate and lanceolate

    leaves with short leaf stalks. The five petaled flowers are small and pale-lilac in color that are

    arranged on long numerous spikes in a panicle. It attracts nectar seeking insects and song-

    birds are attracted by the seeds. Sun to part shade, and moist to wet soils. Height: 2-5’

    Blue Harebell, Campanula rotundifolia: Harebell has a delicate deep blue bell shaped flower

    that will bloom from early summer all the way until the first hard frost. This plant excels in

    thin rocky or sandy soils, and is very hardy. Best in full sun to part shade, medium to dry soils.

    Benefits pollinators and hummingbirds. Height: 6-8”

    Blue Stemmed Goldenrod, Solidago caesia: Does not spread as aggressively as some golden-

    rods and has graceful arching stems covered with hundreds of small yellow flowers. The dis-

    tinct stems are purplish in color. Native to rich woodlands in the Eastern half of the U.S. it pre-

    fers light shade, but also grows in full sun. Individual plants are relatively small, but a mature

    clump has great presence and texture – brightening any semi-shade garden late in the sea-

    son. As with all goldenrods, it is a desirable source of pollen. Height: 2-3’

    Bottlebrush Grass, Hystrix patula: Bottlebrush grass is named for its distinctive floral spikes.

    It is a shade-tolerant grass that is perfect for adding interest and texture to woodland edges

    or shady gardens. Best in part shade to shady light and in medium to moist soils. Provides

    habitat for butterflies. Height: 2-5’

    Brown-eyed Susan (Three lobed Susan), Rudbekia triloba: This plant provides won-

    derful fall color. Brilliant yellow flowers with jet-black centers bloom from late sum-

    mer until the first hard frost. Grows in almost any soil, in full sun or light shade. Rela-

    tively short lived, however it self-sows readily on open soil. Best in sun to part shade,

    and medium to moist soils. Benefits pollinators and butterflies. Height: 2-5’

    Native Perennial Plant Guide

  • Butterfly Milkweed, Aesclepias tuberosa: Butterfly weed produces many bright orange, flat-

    topped flower clusters in early June. Flowering goes on for many weeks. Green pods full of

    seeds with silky white hairs follow the flowers. Excellent nectar producing species that

    attracts many pollinators, especially monarch butterflies. Very robust tap root and extremely

    drought tolerant. Best in sun to part shade and medium to dry soils. Height: 1-3’

    Cardinal Flower, Lobelia cardinalis: Fiery red, tubular flowers on tall, dense spikes last for

    weeks during the late summer bloom period. An important nectar source for hummingbirds

    and butterflies. Cardinal flower is a short-lived perennial but reseeds easily. Best in sun to part

    shade and moist to wet soils. Height: 2-4’

    Christmas Fern, Polystichum acrosticoides: Christmas Fern is named for its evergreen fronds

    which were used by early New England settlers for Christmas decorations. The firm, deep

    green leaves make it a great companion for woodland wildflowers. Easy to cultivate, it thrives

    in well-drained situations in neutral to acidic soils. Shady, wooded slopes are its native habi-

    tat. Resistant to damage from deer, the rhizomatous plants will expand to form a large clump

    1’ - 2’ wide, but will not creep, or form ground cover. Height: 12-24’

    Common Boneset, Eupatorium perfoliatum: The pure white flowers of Bone-

    set (Eupatorium perfoliatum) really stand out in the late summer landscape. The highly

    textured leaves clasp the stem, and were once believed to facilitate the setting and heal-

    ing of bones. Requires a rich moist soil in full sun to light shade. Benefits pollinators and

    butterflies. Height: 3-5’

    Common Sneezeweed, Helenium autumnale: The large and numerous daisy-like, yellow

    flowers of Helenium autumnale can provide welcome color in late summer and autumn

    when many other blossoms have disappeared. Sneezeweed prefers full to partial sun and

    wet to wet-medium soils. Despite its common name, it presents no problems for most al-

    lergy sufferers. Its pollen is distributed by insects, not wind. Benefits butterflies. Height: 3-


    Common Milkweed, Asclepias syringia: This plant is the host for the Monarch Butter-

    fly. This well known plant produces a profusion of lavender to pink flowers in mid-

    summer. The sweet scented flowers attract and benefit a plethora of pollinators, and

    it is one of the fastest milkweeds to establish. Plant in large areas with other grasses

    and flowers to control spreading. Best in sun to part shade and medium to dry soils.

    Height: 2-4’

  • Common Spiderwort, Tradescantia ohioensis: These delicate flowers bloom for an ex-

    tended period in late spring and early summer. They open first thing in the morning

    and then the blooms close in the afternoon to conserve moisture. These plants will ex-

    pand over time to form a clump that can be easily divided in spring or fall. Best in sun

    to part shade and dry to moist soils. Benefits pollinators. Height: 12-30”

    Compass Plant, Silphium lacinatum: Has thick, deeply divided leaves which often orient

    themselves in a north-south direction, hence the name Compassplant. Slow growing and

    long-lived (up to 100 years!), mature plants can have up to 100 large yellow flowers that

    open from June through September. Birds seek out the very nutritious seeds. Height: 6-10’

    Culver’s Root, Veronicastrum virginicum: This stately specimen is prized for its well-

    defined, clean lines. Elegant spires of white flowers crown the whorls of deep green

    leaves. Culver's Root creates a unique vertical accent, and can be combined with other

    white flowers to create 'white gardens'. A great plant for creating an impression in the

    garden towards the end of summer. Best planted towards the back of a sunny or partially

    shady border in medium or moist soils. It also attracts pollinators and butterflies. Height:


    False Sunflower, Heliopsis helianthoides: Also known as Ox-Eye Sunflower. Lengthy

    summer to early fall bloom. Heliopsis is both similar in appearance to and closely

    related to Helianthus, the true sunflower. Good fresh cut flower. Tolerates drought

    but increases more rapidly in fertile soil. False Sunflowers attract nectar seeking

    butterflies, and birds enjoy the ripe seeds. Best in sun to part shade and moist to dry

    soils. Height: 3-5’

    Downy Wood Mint, Blephila ciliata: Downy wood mint is distinctive for its flower clusters

    of purple-pink flowers stacked to resemble a pagoda. The basal leaves stay green

    throughout the winter. The flower is an early summer bloomer that is deer resistant, yet

    a favorite of pollinators. Best in medium to dry soils. Height: 1’

    Foxglove beardtongue, Penstemon digitalis: Also known as Smooth Penstemon. This plant

    blooms late spring to early summer with clusters of pure white, tube like flowers that

    attract hummingbirds, butterflies and bees. Leaves are smooth and shiny with serrated edg-

    es and grow to six inches long. Makes a great cut flower for floral arrangements as well as

    an welcome addition to your prairie landscape. Best in sun to part shade and medium to

    moist soils. Height: 2-3’

  • Golden Alexanders, Zizia aurea: Golden Alexanders is covered with brilliant golden umbels in

    late-spring. This is an excellent low-growing choice for heavy clay soils in semi-shade to full

    sun. As a member of the Apiaceae family, it is a host plant for the Black Swallowtail butterfly,

    which lays its eggs on several of the umbelliferous plants in this family, including Golden Alex-

    anders, parsely, fennel and dill. Benefits pollinators, especially bees. Height: 1-3’

    Ironweed, Veronia fasaculata: Named for its tough stem, Ironweed has excellent posture and

    never slouches in the garden. The flowers of Ironweed are a rare color in the late summer

    landscape, and the brilliant purple-crimson bloom is very attractive to butterflies. An excellent

    addition to the pollinator garden, Ironweed is a host plant for the American Painted Lady

    butterfly. Height 6-8’

    Great Blue Lobelia, Lobelia siphilitica: Covered in deep blue flowers in late summer and early

    fall, Great Blue Lobelia can form colonies of flowered spikes in medium to wet soils, especially

    with a little shade. Longer lived than the Cardinal Flower, it also attracts hummingbirds. Plant-

    ed toget