Nano Structured Materials

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Text of Nano Structured Materials

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured MaterialsProcessing, Properties, and ApplicationsSecond Edition

Edited by Carl C. Koch North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina

Copyright 2007 by William Andrew, Inc. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the Publisher. Front cover depicts a simulation of nanocrystalline grains. Images provided by Professor Donald Brenner, North Carolina State University. Cover by Hannus Design Nanostructured is a registered trademark of Hybrid Plastics, Inc., and is used in this book with the consent of Hybrid Plastics. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Nanostructured materials : processing, properties, and applications / edited by Carl C. Koch. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN-13: 978-0-8155-1534-0 (978-0-8155) ISBN-10: 0-8155-1534-0 (0-8155) 1. Nanostructured materials. I. Koch, C. C. TA418.9.N35N3535 2006 620.5dc22 2006034353 Printed in the United States of America This book is printed on acid-free paper. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Published by: William Andrew Publishing 13 Eaton Avenue Norwich, NY 13815 1-800-932-7045 www.williamandrew.com Sina Ebnesajjad, Editor in Chief (External Scientic Advisor) NOTICE To the best of our knowledge the information in this publication is accurate; however the Publisher does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or completeness of, or consequences arising from, such information. This book is intended for informational purposes only. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for their use by the Publisher. Final determination of the suitability of any information or product for any use, and the manner of that use, is the sole responsibility of the user. Anyone intending to rely upon any recommendation of materials or procedures mentioned in this publication should be independently satised as to such suitability, and must meet all applicable safety and health standards.

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Contents

Contributors....................................................................................... Preface...............................................................................................

xv xvii 1

PART I PROCESSING .................................................................... 1 Chemical Synthesis of Nanostructured Particles and Films ........................................................................................ Shi Yu, Cheng-Jun Sun, and Gan-Moog Chow 1.1 Introduction .............................................................................. 1.2 Particles .................................................................................... 1.2.1 Nucleation and Growth .................................................. 1.2.2 Dispersion and Agglomeration....................................... 1.2.3 Metals ............................................................................. 1.2.4 Ceramics ......................................................................... 1.2.5 Host-Derived Hybrid Materials...................................... 1.2.6 Surfactant Membrane-Mediated Synthesis .................... 1.2.7 Cytotoxicit