Name_____________________________ Date_________________NOVA: Earth from Space (Part 1)
1. How can sandstorms in the Sahara Desert transform the Amazon Rain Forest, over ___________ milesaway?
2. If you were to consider the full spectrum to be a line that stretched from New York City to Los
Angeles, the piece that our eyes could see would be about the size of __________________.
3. Highlighted here in yellow, over one million square miles of ocean reaches a critical temperature, _______degrees.
4. At this temperature, the sea is evaporating fast, producing an invisible gas -_________________________.
5. In just 24 hours, Hurricane Katrina grows into a category ______ monster.
6. The monsoon eventually moves to the east, reaching _________________, where it floods the paddies thatare ideal for growing rice.
7. On average, it's ____________ degrees colder than the North Pole. Why should Antarctica be so muchcolder, and how does that effect the rest of the world?
8. Here storms rage almost every day of the year, whipping hundreds of trillions of gallons of water into a
9. The brine is denser than regular sea water, and it sinks downwards. As winter's grip tightens, the formationof ice and speeds up and spreads. Soon large slicks appear on the surface and thicken into a solid mass.
What started as a microscopic process can soon be seen from __________________.
10. One trillion gallons of salty brine plunge down to the Weddell Sea every hour, a torrent equivalent to the
volume of __________ Niagara Falls.
11. But ocean currents and the atmosphere are not the only players. Beneath the sea floor, forces inside the
earth are a crucial source for the basic materials that nurture ______________.
12. A magma chamber below heats the water to up to ________ degrees Fahrenheit.
13. These nutrients feed a thriving ecosystem, that include _____________ and exotic creatures like tubeworms