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  • 1. Wilbury A. Crockett Library Wellesley High School The names inscribed on the banner in the Wilbury CrockettLibrary belong to individuals who achieved excellence in theirrespective fields as writers, thinkers, politicians, communityactivists, or artists. They inspire us in our work at WellesleyHigh School and remind us that our work here prepares us forthe challenges of citizenship in a much larger world.Additionally, their accomplishments reflect who we are as acommunity and embody Wellesley core values: Academic Excellence Commitment to Community Respect for Human Differences Cooperative and Caring Relationships

2. Confucius 551 BCE - 479 BCE Chinese teacher,philosopher, and founderof Ju or Confucianism. Emphasized education,moral and virtuousexample, and ritualcorrectness. His ideas were recordedafter his death in AnalectsImage source: 3. Howard Zinn 1922 - 2010 American historian, author, activist, playwright, intellectual, and professor of political science at Boston University. Most famous book, A Peoples History of the United States (1980), surveys American history from the point of view of working class and minority groups. Selected Major Works: Vietnam: The Logic of Withdrawal (1967); The Twentieth Century: A Peoples History (1984); You Cant Be Neutral on a Moving Train: A Personal History of Our Times (1994).Image source: 4. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.1929 - 1968 Minister and civil rights leader whose actions led to the passage of Civil Rights Act in 1964. Winner of Nobel Peace Prize (1964). Founder of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (1957). Coordinated civil rights activities such as Montgomery Bus Boycott, the March on Washington, the Birmingham Campaign of 1963, and the lunch counter sit-in movement with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Assassinated April 4, 1968.Image source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 5. Ralph Waldo Emerson1803 - 1882 American author, resident of Concord, Mass., leader of New England transcendentalism, and abolitionist. Started his career as a Unitarian minister and became a prominent lecturer and essayist. Spoke out against materialism, organized religion, and slavery. Selected Major Works: Essays that includes "Self Reliance" (1841), Nature (1863).Image Source: CredoReference Database 6. Eleanor Roosevelt1884 - 1962 Wife of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of United States. As first lady gave regular press conferences, radio interviews, lectures and wrote newspaper columns. Worked with the Womens Division of the Democratic National Committee (1928). Champion of civil rights for African Americans and women and advocate for the rural poor. Served as a delegate to the United Nations (1945, 1960) where sheImage Source: Credo Reference Database worked on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted by the UN in 1948. 7. Franklin Delano Roosevelt1882 - 1945 32nd President of the UnitedStates. Stricken with polio (1921)leaving him paralyzed. Elected to presidency for fourterms and led the countrythrough the Great Depressionand World War II. Pioneered the New Deal andcreated a more sociallyresponsible government.Image Source: Biography in ContextDatabase Helped lay the foundation forthe United Nations. 8. Frederick Douglass1817 - 1895 Abolitionist, pacifist, activist andeminent thinker of the 19th century. Born into slavery and escaped tofreedom when he was 18 years old. Major lecturer for Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and ally of abolitionist,William Lloyd Garrison. Lived in New Bedford, Mass. (1838)and Lynn, Mass. (1841) Major Works: Narrative of the Life ofFrederick Douglass, An AmericanSlave, Written by Himself (1845); MyBondage and My Freedom (1855);The Life and Times of FrederickDouglass (1881).Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 9. Barack Obama 1961 - 44th President of the UnitedStates, first Black president. United States Senator forIllinois (1996 - 2004). Awarded the Nobel PeacePrize (2009). Major Publications: DreamsFrom My Father: A Story ofRace and Inheritance (1995);The Audacity of Hope:Thoughts on Reclaiming theAmerican Dream (2006).Image Source: 10. Nelson Mandela1918 - President of South Africa(1994 - 1999), anti-apartheidactivist. Jailed from 1964-1990 for hisefforts to end apartheid. Dedicated his life to fighting forthe rights of black SouthAfricans. Selected Major Works: NoEasy Walk To Freedom(1965); Long Walk to Freedom:The Autobiography of NelsonMandela (1994)Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 11. Toni Morrison 1931 - American novelist known for "herpoetically-charged and richly-expressive depictions of BlackAmerica." (The Nobel Foundation) Editor, public lecturer, andacademic. Has held a chair atPrinceton University since 1988. Won the Nobel Prize for literature(1993), and the Pulitzer Prize forfiction (1988) for her novelBeloved. Major Works: The Bluest Eye(1970); Sula (1974); Song ofSolomon (1977); Tar Baby (1981);Beloved (1987).Image Source: Credo Reference Database 12. William Shakespeare1564 - 1616 English playwright and poet. "Shakespeare will go onexplaining [humans], in partbecause he inventedus." (Bloom) Wrote over thirty plays andover 150 sonnets. Shakespeares works arequoted more than the worksof any other single author. Major works include: AMidsummer Nights Dream;Hamlet; Othello; TheTempest.Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 13. Helen Keller1880 - 1968 American lecturer, writer, and philanthropic fund-raiser. Became blind, deaf and mute from an illness when 19 months old. Student at Perkins School for the Blind (1888). Graduated cum laude from Radcliffe College (1904). Devoted life to social reforms to benefit women, the deaf and the blind. Awarded the Presidential Medal of Honor (1964). Selected Works: The Story of My Life (1903); The World I Live InImage Source: Credo Reference (1908).Database 14. Edmund Burke1729 - 1797 British statesman, speaker, political theorist, and writer. His speeches and principles address the importance of morality implicit in the practical concerns of politics. His work, Philosophical Inquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful (1757), launched him as a leading literary figure. Famous speeches include: Speech to the Electors of Bristol and Speech on Presenting to the House of Commons the 11th of February a Plan.Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 15. Mahatma Gandhi1869 - 1948 Leader in Indian Independence Movement. His practice of non-violent civil disobedience provided an exemplar for the American Civil Rights Movement. Evolved from an important political and cultural figure to the conscience of the Indian Empire. Selected Work: Gandhi an Autobiography: The Story of My Experience with Truth (1993).Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 16. John F Kennedy1917 - 1963 35th president of the UnitedStates. In a post-Depression era, inspiredconfidence in American people toreach toward new goals and effectchange. Called for federal support of theCivil Rights Movement to enforcethe Voting Rights Act and othercivil rights laws. Established The Peace Corps. Winner of Pulitzer Prize forProfiles in Courage (1956) Assassinated in November, 1963.Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 17. Sylvia Plath1932 - 1963 American poet and novelist. Became an icon for the representation of female "selfhood" in poetry. Graduated from Wellesley High School in 1950. Attended masters level program at Cambridge University on a Fulbright Fellowship (1955). Selected Works:The Colossus (1960); The Bell Jar (1963); Ariel (1965).Image Source: 18. Harvey Milk1930 - 1978 American politician, activist. Pursued an ambitious agenda of political, economic, and social reform including protection of gay rights. Proponent of strong, safe, cohesive neighborhoods as essential to urban life. Assassinated in 1978. Posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009).Image Source: Credo Reference Database 19. Csar Chvez1927 - 1993 A grass-roots labor organizerwho rose from the ranks ofCalifornia migrant workers toform and lead the firstagricultural union, the NationalFarm Workers Association(NFWA). In the 1950s he helped buildCommunity ServiceOrganization (CSO) chapters,which led voter registrationdrives and aided dispossessedMexicans and Mexican-Americans on issues ofImage Source: immigration, welfare, andpolice abuse. 20. Jackie Robinson1919 - 1972 Major League Baseball player,civil rights leader,businessman. Leading symbol andspokesperson for integrationboth within baseball, in theU.S. Army and in broadersociety. First African American playerto be: Rookie of the Year(1947), Most Valuable Player(1949), elected to the BaseballHall of Fame (1961).Image Source: 21. Jane Addams 1860 - 1935 Social worker, reformer, and pacifist. In 1889, founded the most famous settlement house in American history, Hull House in Chicago, which helped working class people and immigrants. Co-founded the Womens Peace Party and opposed both World Wars. Was the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize (1931).Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 22. Albert Einstein1879 - 1955 German-born Americanphysicist. Revolutionized thescience of quantumphysics - physics at thelevel of atoms and subatomic particles. Best known for histheory of relativity. Won the Nobel Prize forPhysics (1921).Image Source: Credo ReferenceDatabase 23. Benjamin Franklin 1706 - 1790 Statesmen, writer, printer,scientist, inventor anddiplomat to France during theAmerican Revolution. Signer of Declaration ofIndependence, Constitutionof the United States, andTreaty of Peace with GreatBritain. Proved that lightning iselectricity. Selected Works: PoorRichards Almanack (1723);Autobiography (1757)Image Source: 24. Susan B. Anthony 1820 - 1906 Leader of the Americanwomens suffragemovement. Formed the National


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