My story my life by clare bolam

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  • 1. My Story, my life!by Clare Bolam

2. About MeI am currently 15 years old, and attend Yanco Agricultural High School where I will be going into year 11 during 2011. 3. Cunnamulla in relation to Queensland.Our region of NSW where ourfarms are situatedI come off a property between Tottenham and Tullamore in the centre of NSW. My family owns 4500 acres in NSW around this area and another 240 000 acres in Southern Queensland between Cunnamulla and St George. 4. Our enterprisesconsists of sheepand cattle inQueensland andsheep as well ascropping in NSW.It hasnt beenPrevious harvesting in NSW.profitable duringthe drought to cropbut we havepreviously grown;wheat, barley andoats. 5. School Studies & CoursesDuring the previous three years I have studied the subjects Agriculture and Science. These subjects have widened my knowledge of plant and animal enterprises and the advances through different breeding, growing and selling methods.They have taught me the benefits of choosing cattle breeds to suit the climatic conditions. We focus on breeding Bos Indicus cross cattle to be able to withstand the harsh conditions and drought environment where as Bos Taurus breeds are more suited to cooler, milder conditions.Brahman Steer 6. Livestock and Queensland farm during the drought.These cattle are a Santa Gertrudis/ Brahman cross. 7. Science and Agriculture These subjects have shown methe benefits of biotechnologysuch as selective breeding whichwill influence the futurepractices I will use. Educationteaches us about soil structureand pH level and vegetationmanagement. This knowledgehelps us accept change andembrace new technology whichMe learning how to cross will help us build sustainablepollinate different varieties agricultural enterprises in theof rice plants during 2010. future. 8. How studies benefit society and me My generation will beresponsible for the futureof agriculture. Educationhelps us develop alternativemanagement and farmingpractices that sustain ourenvironment. Problems such as land degradation, salinity and erosion are being overcomeThe future farmer in and food security assured.Australia. 9. The History of Farming & how its ChangedAgriculture is forever changing. Compared to the past things like drenches, back lining chemicals and lick blocks have improved and helped farmers produce better products more efficiently. EROSIONPractices like crop rotations and directdrilling have been readily supported inrecent years to maintain soil structureand prevent land degradation. Farmersare becoming aware of the benefits ofadequate ground cover andrevegetation in paddocks to preventerosion and land degradation andimprove soil quality. 10. Country near Cunnamullaat the beginning of 2010,after the large rainfallaround Christmas time.These environments aregood examples of the useof ground cover(vegetation), whichreduces and prevents thechances of developing landdegradation via soilerosion.Crossbred ewes andproperty at Tullamore earlyNovember 2010. 11. Farm machinery and enterprisepractices have also improved toprovide a more efficient way ofmanaging an enterprise.Examples FirstThe move from the first harvester, harvester Modernmade by John Ridley in the 1840s to harvesterthe large engine operatedharvesters like John Deere or Claas.Practices like calf marking has nowmoved away from original methodslike roping down to calf cradles forgreater efficiency and less handlingwhich means less stress for theanimal. 12. Dams, bore drains, irrigationHouse dam at NSW property channels, tanks and troughs have helped provide secure water systems for farmers and contribute to a sustainable operation. Being able to store/capture quantities of water is a large advantage forOverall, the changes and farmers as it provides a source developments to past of insurance and security products, practices and during times of drought and land management issues provides one of the mainhave helped farmers to necessities needed to maintaincreate efficient and and run an agricultural sustainable operations enterprise. which support our great nation. 13. Our bore in Queensland- a goodexample of a secure water systemduring times of drought.We have recently been convertingto pipe lines, troughs and watertanks instead of bore drains toconserve more water.Dipping sheep at Tullamore early2010. This is a good example of anefficient enterprise operation aspreventing lice and other parasiteshelps improve the wool clip. We dipall new sheep to the property toprevent outbreaks within mobs. 14. Brahman cross cattle breed inQueensland.Our farm enterprises suit the fat lamb, merino wool and young cattle markets. Older female sheep (ewes) and cows are sold when younger breeders are brought. Female lambs and calves are generally kept for breeding while male animals are sold.NSW sheep breed for wooland meat markets. 15. The vegetation on our Queensland properties consists largely of mulga trees (Acacia aneura) which can be eaten by the cattle during dry conditions. 16. Shearing at our NSWproperty happens inDecember.Drenching occurs whenthere is any presence ofworms and internalparasites and we crutch tohelp prevent flystrike andShearing time 2010 at NSWkeep the fleece clean for property.shearing. Lamb marking occurs whenany of these practices aretaking place because weleave our rams in all yearround to maximiseproduction. 17. Because the paddocks in our Queensland properties are so large we use a small plane (ultra light) to spot mobs of cattle anddirect people on bikes and horses to them. We also use it tocheck watering points and stock. 18. We have our own truck and cattle crates totransport livestock to and from the saleyards. 19. The calves are markedgenerally each time webring a mob of cattle in. Once we have done a few musters we pick outthe animals suitable to send to the saleyards.Calf marking early 2011In the past we have grazedthe cattle along stockroutes (also known as droving), to fatten them up to sell and keep thecondition on them Droving in 2008whilst in tough times. 20. Dad and I on horseback readyto start the day off mustering at oneof our Queenslandproperties. 21. My Story- past farming hardshipsThe past droughts have had a great effect on farmers and thecommunity as small businesses and farmers struggled to stayprofitable throughout the tough times. 22. In recent years there has been cases of flash flooding (generally around Christmas time) which has seen manyfarmers lose stock, and suffer damage to fences , houses andsheds.Flood waters over the main road at ourproperty near Tullamore early 2009. 23. Another major problem for ushas been locusts. Grasshoppershave stripped crops and grazingpastures leaving nothingbehind. We manage thisthrough spraying, although thisis not possible if they areLocust Plague already flying. I have found that managing a farm based around efficiencyand sustainability puts the farmer in a better position to dealwith most complications that arise.Climatic factors are unpredictable. Yet I believe if people canprepare for the worst(i.e. secure water system) then they candevelop a sustainable, efficient and well managed enterprise. 24. WOULD LIKE TO THANK THE SPONSORS OF THE2010 CREAM OF THE CROP COMPETITIONPLATINUM GOLDSILVER BRONZE