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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

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Page 1: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Multiple Indicator Cluster SurveysSurvey Design Workshop

Data Archiving

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 2: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Data Archiving—What is It?• Data Archiving refers to the long-term storage of

data and its affiliated documentation.

• In addition to storing the census or survey data, we’ll store its metadata—descriptive information about the census or survey data; essentially, “data about other data”.

• Today’s storage medium is no longer file cabinets and storage rooms, but the Internet and portable storage mediums such as CDs.

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 3: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Why Document Data?• Facilitates the understanding and usage of data—

without this documentation, your data will not be understood and hence, will not be properly used and/or analyzed

• Reduces staff time needed to assist data users

• Allows for reuse of materials for future efforts (training guidelines, field manuals, advertising campaigns, etc)

• Can use the data to determine a framework for future survey needs

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 4: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Archiving Benefits to Users• Maximizes access to data—data is available 24/7

• If properly documented, decreases time a user spends understanding your data

• Increases efficiency for researchers—less time is spent producing pre-determined tables, more time can be devoted to higher-level analysis

• Reduces duplication of effort—if only users can find your data

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 5: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Archiving Benefits to Agency• Increased visibility and credibility for the Agency

• Increases the quality of research from your data• Improves reliability and relevance of your data

through feedback• Allows for easier management of the data and

its resources• Is a valuable and irreplaceable asset that should

be managed in a way that encourages their widest possible use and re-use

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 6: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Data Expectations of Users• Dataset free of errors—no spurious or out-of-

range values, simple consistency checks performed, record counts match...no surprises!

• Dataset easy to use, well-documented

• Have information available to fully understand the survey, especially:

– Sample design, selection, and weighting– Field procedures– Data processing procedures (include programs if possible)– Any editing that occurred (in the field and/or office)– The dataset(s) themselves!

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 7: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

MICS Documents to Save• Questionnaires

• Interviewer & field manuals

• Sample selection, listing information – Excel files, other supporting documents– Explanations of any event(s) that impacted the

sample selection, survey dates, etc

• Reports, planning materials, budgets, staff organization

• Any other documentation you think will be helpful to understanding your survey

MICS4 Survey Design Workshop

Page 8: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

MICS Datasets to Save• SPSS Files:

‒ Household (HH)‒ Household listing (HL)‒ Insecticide-Treated Nets (TN, optional)‒ Women (WM)‒ Birth History (BH, optional)‒ FGM (FG, optional)‒ Children age 0-4 years (CH)‒ Men (MN, optional)

• CSPro Files:‒ Final (merged, not individual clusters) HH data file‒ GPS data (optional)

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 9: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

MICS Programmes to Save

Software Programmes & Files:• CSPro dictionaries• CSPro data entry & menu systems• CSPro secondary editing & menu systems• CSPro GPS Entry program• CSPro export & SPSS recode• SPSS tabulation programmes• Any country-specific programmes

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 10: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

MICS Dissemination Materials to Save

• Wall charts

• Factsheets

• Press releases

• And lots more!

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 11: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

When to Archive?• Archiving is often the last step in data collection

activities• As a result, documentation

is often of uneven or poor quality

Start archiving when you start your MICS survey

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 12: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

How to Archive Documents?• Save as much as possible electronically

– Electronic documentation has a longer life and is more readily usable

– Paper documentation requires permanent storage areas– Paper documentation disappears!

• Save documents– in original format– in HTML– as PDF files

• Record information not already given in key documents• Use an archiving tool—we’ll discuss the International

Household Survey Network’s (IHSN) Microdata Management Toolkit

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 13: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

How to Archive Datasets?

• Save datasets– in original format (e.g., CSPro raw+final files)– in analysis file format (e.g., SPSS.sav file)

• Always include descriptions with data—provide labels within each file for:‒Variable labels (e.g., “Result of Interview”)

‒Value labels (e.g., 1=Complete, 2=Not at home)

‒ Don’t forget to document country-specific questions!

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 14: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

International Household Survey Network (IHSN)

• Established September 2004 as a recommendation of the Marrakech Action Plan for Statistics (MAPS)

• Users: International organizations actively sponsoring household surveys + local NSOs

• Governing committee members from DFID, ILO, Paris 21/OECD, UNICEF, UNSD, WHO, World Bank

• Distributes Microdata Management Toolkit and NADA

• Find out more at http://www.ihsn.org/toolkit

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 15: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

IHSN Components• Archive creation: Metadata Editor

– Document your survey data, documentation, and metadata in accordance with international metadata standards (DDI and Dublin Core).

• Dissemination: CD-ROM Builder– Facilitates the publication of survey data, documentation, and metadata

onto CD-ROMs and the Internet using HTML format

• Nesstar Explorer– Using their free program, access metadata and data, and export to

common statistical formats

• IHSN Report Center– Provides diagnostics on your metadata, dataset relations, external

resources, etc., and creates a PDF of your study documentation (a summary report of all your documentation)

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 16: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

What is the Metadata Editor?

• Template-driven specialized editor

• Import/Export common data files

• Integrated interface, multi-lingual support

• Metadata and data in single file

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 17: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

What is the CD-ROM Builder?• Publishes survey metadata, data, and documents on a

CD-ROM or website• Stores archive in an HTML-based language• Users can customize the layout (branding) and content

of the CD (single or multi-surveys)• Integrates with IHSN’s

Metadata Editor

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 18: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Installation

• Unzip IHSN_Toolkit_v1.1_full.zip into C:\MICS4\IHSN

• Double-click on the file “IHSN Toolkit Installer.exe”

• Select the first option, Metadata Editor

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 19: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

IHSN Install Dialog

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Page 20: Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Survey Design Workshop Data Archiving MICS4 Data Processing Workshop

Getting Started• Create a new study (ctrl+N)

• Save your project (ctrl+S)—this gives your project a name within the tree

• Select the IHSN templates

• Project blocks/groups: – Document description

– Study description

– Datasets

– External resources

MICS4 Data Processing Workshop