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MODULAR MOSAIC SMALL-ARMS-CONTROL 06.20 · PDF file IMPLEMENTATION COMPENDIUM MOSAIC 06.20 Version 1.0 2018-04-25 ... 9.4 Age-disaggregated data ... They include death, physical injury,

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  • MODULAR SMALL-ARMS-CONTROL IMPLEMENTATION COMPENDIUM

    MOSAIC 06.20

    Version 1.0 2018-04-25

    Children, adolescents, youth and small arms and light weapons

    Reference number MOSAIC 06.20:2018(E)V1.0

    © United Nations 2018

  • MOSAIC 06.20:2018(E)V1.0

    ii © United Nations 2018 – All rights reserved

    This document may not be up to date. Latest versions of all MOSAIC modules are available on

    www.un.org/disarmament/salw

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    This document — one in a series, comprising the Modular Small-arms-control Implementation Compendium (MOSAIC) — was produced by the United Nations in collaboration with a broad and diverse group of experts drawn from governments, international and regional organizations, civil society and the private sector. A full list of contributors to the MOSAIC project is available on our website.

    The production of MOSAIC was made possible by the financial support of the governments of Australia, Canada, Germany, Ireland, Norway and Switzerland, as well as by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED).

    © United Nations 2018

    All rights reserved. This publication may be reproduced for non-profit educational and training purposes without special permission from the copyright holders, provided that the source is acknowledged. The United Nations would appreciate receiving an electronic copy of any publication that uses this document as a source (conventionalarms-unoda@un.org).

    This document is not to be sold.

  • MOSAIC 06.20:2018(E)V1.0

    © United Nations 2018 – All rights reserved iii

    Contents Page

    Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... vi

    1 Scope ............................................................................................................................................ 1

    2 Normative references ................................................................................................................. 1

    3 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................. 2 3.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 2 3.2 Children, adolescents and youth ................................................................................................... 2

    4 United Nations framework .......................................................................................................... 3 4.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 3 4.2 UN Programme of Action .............................................................................................................. 3 4.3 Arms Trade Treaty ........................................................................................................................ 3

    5 Small arms-related violence in childhood ................................................................................ 3 5.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 3 5.2 Prenatal period and birth ............................................................................................................... 4 5.3 Early and middle childhood ........................................................................................................... 4 5.4 Adolescence .................................................................................................................................. 4 5.5 Children associated with armed forces or groups ......................................................................... 4 5.6 Strategies to prevent violence against children ............................................................................ 5

    6 Impacts of armed violence ......................................................................................................... 6 6.1 General .......................................................................................................................................... 6 6.2 Direct impacts ................................................................................................................................ 6 6.3 Indirect impacts ............................................................................................................................. 7 6.4 Context of exposure to small arms and light weapons ................................................................. 9

    7 General Principles ..................................................................................................................... 10 7.1 Respect for children’s rights ........................................................................................................ 10 7.2 Protection from all forms of violence ........................................................................................... 10 7.3 Security and safety ...................................................................................................................... 10 7.4 Participation and consultation ..................................................................................................... 11 7.5 Collaboration and synergies ........................................................................................................ 12 7.6 Gender, age, culture and context ................................................................................................ 12

    8 Child protection policy ............................................................................................................. 12 8.1 General ........................................................................................................................................ 12 8.2 Contents ...................................................................................................................................... 12 8.3 Questions to consider ................................................................................................................. 12 8.4 Drafting ........................................................................................................................................ 13 8.5 Structure ...................................................................................................................................... 13

    9 Programming for children, adolescents and youth ............................................................... 14 9.1 General ........................................................................................................................................ 14 9.2 Gender and age considerations .................................................................................................. 14 9.3 Voice and representation ............................................................................................................ 15 9.4 Age-disaggregated data .............................................................................................................. 19 9.5 Linkages to related initiatives ...................................................................................................... 20 9.6 Peace and disarmament education ............................................................................................. 23

  • MOSAIC 06.20:2018(E)V1.0

    iv © United Nations 2018 – All rights reserved

    Annex A (informative) Strategies, approaches and sectors for preventing and responding to violence against children ........................ 27

    Annex B (informative) Example of a Child Protection Policy .......................................................... 28

    Annex C (informative) 5-Point Action Plan to End Recruitment and Use of Children in Armed Conflict ........................................................................... 30

    Annex D (informative) 10-Point Checklist: Preventing State Use of Child Soldiers ..................... 31

    Annex E (informative) Resources to Help Develop a Peace Education Curriculum ..................... 32

    Annex F (informative) Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use During Armed Conflict ............................................................. 33

    Bibliography ......................................................................................................................................... 35

  • MOSAIC 06.20:2018(E)V1.0

    © United Nations 2018 – All rights reserved v

    Foreword

    What is MOSAIC?

    MOSAIC translates into practice the objectives of key global agreements aiming to prevent the illicit trade, destabilizing accumulation and misuse of small arms and light weapons, including:

    • the Programme of Action on the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons

    • the International Tracing Instrument

    • the Firearms Protocol supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime

    • the Ar

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