Miyazaki - The Chinese Civil Service Exam System.docx
Kezia NyarkoMr. SaldivarWHAP A4Nov. 3, 2013Miyazaki - The Chinese Civil Service Exam System
1. What did young boys have to learn? The young boys had to learn the Four Books, the Five Classics, and other Confucian works. Essentially, they had to know how to compose poems and write essays. Similar to my own education, it was based merely on memorization, to do as you see. 2. In what ways was their education different from your own?Different to my own education, it was much more disciplined and strict, as the students were punished for not paying attention. It also placed more pressure on the value of education and the success that come from it.3. What effects did the examination system have on the goals and values of young people? The effects on the examination system restricted the young people from enjoying their lives as children as education began before birth. The values of the importance of the future and how education led to it was more pressed and led to children choosing to memorize instead of understand to get to the top.4. In what sense did this system make China more democratic than the political systems of Western Europe or the muslim world? This system made China more democratic than others in the sense that it was the first system developed on the idea of equality and achieving without the influence of money instead based on sheer talent. Essentially, China was the first to put in progress this idea of hey, I dont have to always choose my son or someone under the influence of wealth. I can pick someone whos smart and has the morals I need from my people.5. In what sense was it less so? In the sense that the idea was brilliant but didnt really work because those who had money, had the power of giving their children a little more edge than others and those in power always got into conflict. So nothing really got done and it was back to where it was before, essentially. 6. Did it become more or less democratic over the course of Chinese history? Yes, it became more democratic over the course of Chinese history because when it ran into problems, it fixed it. Which is essentially the meaning of democracy, the people rule and every time they ran into an issue with the people, they fixed it to please the people.7. How did the purpose change from the Tang to the Sung dynasty? The purpose for the Tang was to get rid of aristocratic rule and allow equality while with the Sung, was to get rid of the conflict between the chin-shih and the non-chin-shih.8-9. How did it affect Chinese society, families, class differences, boys and girls? What were the economic effects of the system?First of all, if you think about modern day China, you realize that the affect this system changed the value of women in China, generally. Even up to date, women in China are to hold a submissive position as the wife and when born into the world, their abilities and goals are minimized due to the value of men in Chinese society. This also affected the whole rich people vs poor people class difference because the rich always had an edge over the poor. It was easier to stay where you are economically than it was to move up. 10. How did it change Chinese cultural values, ideas, and education?The system moved China to become what is more known for now; strict and fully focused on education. This system made China more focused on Education rather on arts and such. Instead it was focused on the idea of getting to the highest position and valuing the future more than the past. If you study while youre young, you will get ahead.11. What was the most important difference between Chinese and Western European civilizations?Western European civilizations valued arts as more of the high class functions whilst the Chinese viewed it in another way. The most important however was the fact that the Chinese used Education as a function of deciding the next leader instead of other factors.
12. Between Chinese and Muslim Civilizations?Chinese civilizations separated religion from their ways of control instead focused solely on who had the highest understanding on education whilst the Muslim civilizations combined religious factors with leading factors.