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Microwave- Nec Pasolink Neo by Akash Ray

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NEC PASOLINK NEO (SDH)

SUBMITTED BY- AKASH RAY1

INTRODUCTIONTo provide reliable digital access links and fully exploit the potential of end-to-end advanced networks, NEC has developed the PASOLINK NEO, a narrow band point-topoint digital microwave relay system operating at radio frequency (RF) bands of 6/7/8/10/11/13/15/18/23/26/28/32/38/52 GHz. This system meets an increasing demand for digital transmission services, and will satisfy the needs for common carrier access links, private links, urban area networks, rural area networks, temporary networks or emergency links for data and transmissions. The PASOLINK equipment offers very high performance with large system flexibility, which is easy to install and is a field proven to be very reliable. The PASOLINK NEO system provides interface types of PDH, SDH and LAN. The systems consist of antennas, outdoor unit (ODU) and Indoor unit (IDU) same as PASOLINK series. They are connected through a coaxial cable for each radio channel. Available configurations are non-protected type (1+0) and protected type (1+1). The protected type is available for twin-path type and hot-standby type.

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INDEXCONTENT 1. KEY SPECIFICATIONS 2. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION 2.1) ANTENNA , ODU 2.2) MICROWAVE ANTENNA IMAGE 2.3)CONNECTION FROM ODU TO IDU IMAGE 2.4)ODU IMAGE 2.5) IDU 2.6) IDU IMAGE 3. DESIGN CONSIDERATION 4. MAIN FEATURES 5. MAINTENANCE FACILITIES 6. CROSS POLARIZATION INTERFERENCE CANCELLER 7. XPIC FUNCTION MENU 8. OTHER TOOLS & MATERIALS 9. PANEL LIST 10.DESIGN CONCEPT 11.COMPATIBILITY AMONG PASOLINK FAMILY Pg . no 56 7 8 9 10, 11 12 13 14,15 16 17 18 19,20 21 22, 23 243

CONTENT

PG NO.

12. IDU & ODU COMPATIBILITY 25 13. EQUIPMENT MENU (PASOLINK NEO) 26 14. IDU FLEXIBILITY 27 15. SYSTEM UPGRADE 28, 29 16. E1 & LAN SETTING 30 31 ,32 17. INSTALLATION & INSTRUCTION 33 18. INSTALLATION FLOW CHART 34 19. IDU MOUNTING 35,36 20. MOUNTING OF ODU & ANTENNA 37 21. CABLE TERMINATION 38- 43 22. CABLE & TERMINAL CONNECTION 44 23. ANTENNA ALLIGNMENT 45, 46, 47

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Key Specifications:Frequencies: 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 28, 32, 38, and 52 GHz Traffic capacities: 5 x 2 Mbps, 10 x 2 Mbps, 16 x 2 Mbps, 20 x 2 Mbps, 32 x 2 Mbps, 40 x 2 Mbps, 48 x 2 Mbps ,1 x 155 Mbps, 2 x 155 Mbps LAN: 10/100Base-T(X), 1000Base-SX/LX, 1000 Base-T Modulation: QPSK, 16/32/128QAM Common platform design (PDH, SDH, and LAN) V4 & Mx & PASO+(PDH) & PASO+(SDH) >> NEO (Same Equipment) Bitrate Free (PDH to SDH) 10MB/ 20MB/ 40MB/ 80MB/ 100MB/ STM-1 (Same MODEM Unit) Compact size/ Low power 1+0/1+1 @ 1U without FAN Various Application (E1+LAN), (E3+E1), (4PLAN + E1), (STM-1), APS for STM-1(opt), XPIC etc. ..., Bandwidth and Modulation Free ODU Coverage from 5E1 to 2xSTM-1 or from 10M to 2x155Mbps. Scalability up to your needs: Capacity upgradable by software 5E1 to 16E1 or 5E1 to 32E1 or 40E1 to 48E1 16E1 to 32E1 or 16E1 to 48E1 (interface card swap) 16E1 to STM-1 (interface card swap)

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AntennaThe complete menu of PASOLINK+ antennas includes diameters of 0.3m to 1.8m. They are designed to meet stringent requirements on mechanical rigidity. Antennas with diameters of 0.3m to 1.8m can be mounted directly to the ODU, making waveguides obsolete. This has relevant cost and reliability merits and makes the installation quicker and easier. The PASOLINK+ pole mounting structure is designed in a way that the ODU can be replaced while keeping the antenna and mounting bracket, including orientation, in place. The reflectors of the antennas are covered with white diffusive paint and the mounting structure is hot-dip galvanized. In the 6 - 8 GHz band, coaxial or waveguide cable with transducer is used for connecting between the ODU and IDU.

Transmitter-Receiver (ODU)The transmitter-receiver is designed to handle a STM-1 signal in 6-38 GHz bands. The equipment is designed to withstand severe weather conditions. 32/128-Quadrature amplitude modulation (32/128 QAM) is applied. Local Oscillator is employed for APC (Automatic Phase Control) loop circuit at the transmitter and receiver.

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MICROWAVE ANTENNAType 1- 11-38 GHz 128 QAM/32 QAM type (0.3m Diameter Antenna)

Type 2- 6-8 GHz 128 QAM type (Low Loss Coaxial cable connection to Antenna)

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CONNECTION FROM ODU TO IDU

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ODU

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Indoor Unit (IDU)The IDU consists of six (6) panels that have following functions.1. ODU INTFC Performing the multiplexing/demultiplexing of the transmitting signal, receiving signal, SV and EOW signal Compensating the signal loss depending on IF cable length Automatic Gain control 2. 32 QAM MODEM / 128 QAM MODEM 32/128 QAM (Quadrature Amplitude Modulation), Modulator/Demodulator Compensating quality degradation caused by fading Error correction of burst error using the Reed Solomon encoding/decoding MLC (Multi Level Code) encoding/decoding. (Only for 32-AM) Data streams conversion depending on the modulation scheme Scrambling/de-scrambling of the data RFCOH multiplexing/demultiplexing Velocity conversion for radio frame

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3. 150M INTFC / OPT INTFC / 10/100 BASE-T(X) INTFC (Selectable) STM-1 signal interface (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC) RSOH multiplexing/demultiplexing (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC) Hitless switching of No.1 and No.2 receiving signal (150M INTFC / OPT INTFC) 2 ports 10 BASE-T/100 BASE-TX INTFC (Each port traffic is separated) (10/100 Base-T(X)) Transparency for VLAN (IEEE 802.1Q Tagged frame) (10/100 Base-T(X)) 4. CTRL Setting of equipment operation Monitoring alarm status of the equipment Performing performance monitoring Providing upper rank NMS interface LCT terminal interface EOW interface 5. WS INTFC (option) (32-QAM option) Interface of 2048/1544 kbps Wayside signal 6. LAN CARD (Option) Ethernet interface (10 Base-T) card with bridge function (exclusive use against WS interface)

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IDU(a) 1+1 1U height with PDH+LAN interface

(b) 1+1 1U height with SDH interface

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DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS Protection Capability- PASOLINK+ provides a protection switching system of Hot standby protection (1 + 1), and twin-path protection (1 + 1). 1. Non-Protection System- Non-protection system consists of one ODU, one IDU for 1+0 System, and one antenna. 2. Hot-Standby System- Hot-Standby system consists of two ODUs, one IDU for 1 + 1 system, and one or two sets of antennas. The protection switch of this systems is performed by the TX switches on the ODUs at the transmitting end and Hitless switch on the 150 M INTFC (or OPT INTFC) module in the IDU at the receiving end. 3. Twin-path System- Twin-Path system consists of two ODUs, one IDU for 1 + 1 System, and two sets of antennas. The protection switch of this system is performed by the Hitless switch on the 150 M INTFC (or OPT INTFC) module in the IDU at the receiving end.

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MAIN FEATURESAdvanced Technologies and Superb Performance High reliability and Quality Excellent field proven MTBF Low power consumption 10 Base-T/100 Base-TX, 1000 Base-SX/LX, 1000 Base-T (LAN interface) APS for STM-1 optical VLAN implementation E1 Line Digital Cross Connect (DXC)High System Gain / High spectrum efficiency High System Gain achieved by each modulation with Forward Error Correction (FEC) Technology and distortion cancelling technique called linearizer. High spectrum efficiency achieved by QPSK to 128 QAM selectable technology. Allowing smaller antennas and reducing system cost.14

MAIN FEATURESEasy and Quick Installation Interconnection : Only one coaxial cable and automatic equalization Very Compact and Light Various mounting methods for IDU, ODU and Antenna Easy Antenna direction adjustment Graphical User Interface for installation and monitoring Frequency Agility and Easy Tuning Field tunable local oscillator (Synthesizer) RF point frequency can be changed through Local Craft Terminal (LCT). Sub-band of type is changeable by replacing RF Filter.System Flexibility Non-protected (1+0) or Protected (1+1) 1+1 Hot Standby / Space Diversity / Twin Path System with Hitless switch IDU is used commonly for 6 - 52 GHz Software settable Modulation (QPSK/16 QAM/32 QAM/128 QAM) of IDU Common ODU for PDH/SDH/LAN, also Co-Channel Dual Polarization system Wide Input Line Voltage range is -40.5 to -57 VDC15

Maintenance Facilities Local and remote supervision function on IDU through LCT or PNMTj Remote monitoring of ODU operating condition on IDU through PNMTj Full front access at IDU for all cabling and user interface Loop back facility -Near end baseband, Far end baseband IF loop back Pre-settable BER alarm point: 10-3, 10-4 or 10-5 (ext. alarm/AIS injection point).APS (Automatic Protection Switch) function (Option)APS realizes optical line protection for STM-1. This is simplified from conventional MSP (Multiplex Section Protection) function in order to fit RST mode equipment (ITU-T G.841, Non-revertive Mode).

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XPIC (Cross Polarization Interference Canceller)PASOLINK NEO can improve its transmission capacity up to dual STM-1 in 28 MHz (27.5 MHz for 18 GHz band) bandwidth by using XPIC technology. In case of this capacity upgrading from one STM-1 system, the additional parts are dual polarized antenna, one more ODU/ IDU set, some XPIC cable kit and additional firmware. The upgrading can be realized with existing STM-1 equipment.

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Other Tools and Materials1. LCT- Local Craft Terminal (LCT) is the simple provisioning and maintenance terminal for PASOLINK+ system. LCT connects to the IDU. The LCT can control all functions and measures all monitor levels.

2. PNMS - NEC can provide an Element Network Management tool (PNMS: PASOLINK Network Management System). These tools can be used for maintenance and performance monitoring. These tools consist of software