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# Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski … Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded .. DOI: 10.9790/5728-1203066685 67 | …

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IOSR Journal of Mathematics (IOSR-JM)

e-ISSN: 2278-5728, p-ISSN: 2319-765X. Volume 12, Issue 3 Ver. VI (May. - Jun. 2016), PP 66-85

www.iosrjournals.org

DOI: 10.9790/5728-1203066685 www.iosrjournals.org 66 | Page

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past

An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded In A Porous Medium With

Thermal Radiation Temperature Dependent Heat Source And

Variable Suction

1D.Praveena

1S.Vijayakumar Varma

2B. Mamatha

1Department of Mathematics, S.V.University, Tirupati-517 502, A.P. India

2Department of Mathematics, S.P.W. Degree and P.G.College, Tirupati – 517 502, A.P.

Abstract: This chapter deals with the MHD convective heat transfer flow of kuvshinski fluid through a porous

medium past an infinite moving porous plate in the presence of temperature dependent heat source radiation

and variable suction. The fluid flow direction is taken as x-axis and normal to it as y-axis. A uniform magnetic

field is applied perpendicular to the flow. The governing non-dimensional equations are analytically when i)

The plate is with constant temperature (CWT) and ii) Theplate is variable temperature (VWT). The expressions

for velocity, temperature fields are obtained. Skin friction coefficient and the rate of heat transfer in terms of

nusselt number (Nu) are also derived. Results are discussed and analysed for various material parameters

through graphs and tables.

Keywords: Kuvshinski fluid; MHD; boundary layer; porous medium; thermal radiation; heat generation.

I. Introduction

The study of radiation in thermal engineering is of great interest for industry point of view,Many

processes in thermal engineering areas occur at high temperature and radiative heat transfer becomes very

important for design of pertinent equipment. The study of flow and heat transfer for an electrically conducting

fluid past a porous plate under the influence of magnetic field has attraction in the interest of many investigators

in view of its applications in many engineering problems such as magnetohydrodynamics generator, plasma

studies, nuclear reactors, geothermal energy extractions and the boundary layer control in the field of

aerodynamics. In In recent times chemical reaction and radiation absorption influences the fluid flow attracted

the attention of engineers and scientists. There are many interesting aspects and analytical solutions to such

problems of flow have been presented by many authors [1] Pohlhausen et al. studied the free convection flow

past a semi – infinite vertical plate by the momentum integral method because free convection flows have wide

applications in industry. [2] Ostrach S solved the non-liner coupled ordinary differential equations numerically

on a computer. [3] P.G. Saffirman studied the stability of laminar flow of a dusty gas. [4] Gill et al. observed

diffusion and heat transfer in laminar free convection boundary layers on a vertical plate. [5] Takhar et al.

studied radiation effects on MHD free convection flow of a radiating gass past a semi-infinite plate.

[6]Soundalker studied approximate solutions for the two diffusional flow of an impressible viscous fluid past an

infinite porous vertical plate with constant suction velocity normal the plate. [7] V.M.Soundalger et al. studied

magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) generator, plasma nuclear reactors, geothermal energy extractions and the

boundary layer control in the field of aerodynamics. [8] Raptis and Kafousians studied influence of a magnetic

field upon the steady free convection flow through a porous medium bounded by an infinite vertical plate with

constant suction velocity. [9].A.A.Raptisstudied Time-varying two-dimensional natural convective heat transfer

on an incompressible, electrically-conductive viscous fluid via a highly porous medium bounded by an infinite

vertical porous plate. [10].H.T.Chenand C.K.Chen observed free convection of non-newtonian Fluid Flow

along a vertical plate embedded in a porous medium. [11] KeeSoohan et al. analysed heat transfer in a pipe

carrying two – phase gas particle suspension. [12]Sharma PR and PankajMathur studied steady laminar free

convection flow of an electrically conducting fluid along a porous hot vertical plate in the presence of heat

source/sink. [13]Takhar H.S et al. observed radiation effects on MHD free convection flow of a radiating gas

past a semi-infinite vertical plate. [14] M.A.Mansour observed forced convection-radiation interaction heat

transfer in boundary layer over a flat plate submerged in a porous medium.[15] Helmy A.K studied MHD

unsteady free convection flows past a vertical porous plate.[16] Edmundo M. et al. analysed Numerical model

for radiative heat transfer analysis in arbitrary shaped axisymmetric enclosures with gases media. [17] A. Raptis

studied radiation and free convection flow through a porous medium.[18] M.A.Hossain et al. observed the effect

of radiation in free convection from a porous vertical plate.[19] M.A. El.Hakiem considered MHD oscillatory

flow on free convection-radiation through a porous medium with constant suction velocity. [20] Acharya M.et

al. observed magnetic field effects on the free convection and mass transfer flow through porous medium with

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

DOI: 10.9790/5728-1203066685 www.iosrjournals.org 67 | Page

constant suction and constant heat flux. [21] Kim Youn J. studied unsteady MHD convective heat transfer past

a semi-infinite vertical porous moving plate with variable suction. [22] E.M.AboEldahab and M.S.E.Gendy

observed radiation effects on convective heat transfer in an electrically conducting fluid at a stretching surface

with variable viscosity and uniform free stream.[23] E.M.AboEldahab and M.S.E.Gendy studied convective

heat transfer past a continuously moving plate embedded in a non-darcian porous medium in the presence of a

magnetic field. [24] Sahoo P.K et al. studied magnetohydrodynamic unsteady free convection flow past an

infinite vertical plate with constant suction and heat sink. [25] Isreal-cookey et al. observed Influence of viscous

dissipation and radiation on unsteady MHD free –convection flow past an infinite heated vertical plate in a

porous medium with time dependent suction. [26] Raptis et al. observed effect of thermal radiation on MHD

flow.[27] R.K.Varshney and Ram Prakash studied the effects of MHD free convection flow of a visco-elastic

dusty gas through a porous medium induced by the motion of a semi-infinite flat plate moving with velocity

decreasing exponentially with time. [28] R. Muthukumaraswamy and G. Kumar Senthil, observed the heat and

Mass transfer effect on moving vertical plate in the presence of thermal radiation. [29]Chamkaali J. studied

unsteady MHD convective heat and mass transfer past a semi-infinite vertical permeable moving plate with heat

absorption. [30] S.Shateyi et al. observed magnetohyderodynamics flow past a vertical plate with radiative heat

transfer. [31] Ibrahim et al. studied effect of the chemical reaction and radiation absorption on the unsteady

MHD free convection flow past a semi-infinite vertical permeable moving plate with het source and suction.[32]

P.M Patil, andP.S.Kulkarni studied effects of chemical reaction on free convection flow of a polar fluid through

a porous medium in the presence of Internal heat generation. [33] O.A. Beg et al. observed magneto

hydrodynamic convection flow from a sphere to a non-darcian porous medium with heat generation or

absorption effects network simulation. [34] Kumar H. studied radiativeheat transfer with hydromagenatic flow

and viscous dissipation over a stretching surface in the presence of variable heat flux. [35] O.D.Makinde and T.

Chinyoka, studied numerical investigation of transient heat transfer to hydromagnetic channel flow

withradiative heat and convective cooling. [36] J. Gireesh Kumar, P.V.Satynarayanaobserved Mass transfer

effect on MHD unsteady free convective walterns memory flow with constant suction and heat sink. [37] R.M.

Mishra, G.C.Dash premeditated mass and heat transfer effect on MHD flow of a visco-elastic fluid through

porous medium with oscillatory suction and heat source. [38] Reddy et al. studied combined effect of heat

absorption and MHD on convective Rivlin-Erichsen flow past a semi-infinite vertical porous plate with variable

temperature and suction. [39] M. Umamaheswar et al. studied combined radiation and ohmic heating effects on

MHD free Convective visco-elastic fluid flow past a porous plate with viscous dissipation. [40] B.Seshaiah et

al. studied the effects of chemical reaction and radiation on unsteady MHD free convective fluid flow embedded

in a porous medium with time-depended suction with temperature gradient heat source. [41] M.C.raju et al.

studied unsteady MHD free convection and chemically reactive flow past an infinite vertical porous plate. [42]

B. Vidyasagar et al. Observed unsteady MHD free convection boundary layer flow of radiation absorbing

Kuvshinski fluid through porous medium. [43] M.C.Rajuet al. radiation absorption effect on MHD free

convection chemically reacting visco-elastic fluid past an oscillatory vertical porous plate in slip regime.MHD

three dimensional Couette flow past an exponentially accelerated vertical plate with variable temperature and

concentration in the presence of Soret and Dufour effects by Umamaheswar et al. [46].

In the past few years, there are several papers on MHD flows and chemical reactions i.e., combined

effect of heat absorption and MHD on convective Rivin – Erichsen flow past a semi-infinite vertical porous

plate with variable temperature and suction, combined radiation and ohmic heating effects on MHD free

convective visco-elastic fluid flow past a porous plate with viscous dissipation, effects of chemical reaction and

radiation on unsteady MHD free convective fluid flow embedded in porous medium with time-depended suction

with temperature gradient heat source, MHD free convection and chemical reactive flow past an infinite vertical

porous plate, Unsteady MHD free convection boundary layer flow of radiation absorbing kuvshinski fluid

through a porous medium, radiation absorption effect on MHD free convection chemically reacting visco-

elastic fluid past an oscillatory vertical porous plate in slip regime, for example papers by B. Umamaheswar et

al. [39], B. Sesaiah et al. [40], M.C.Raju et al. [41], Vidyasagar et al. [42], Raju et al.[43] and Rao et al [45] .

However, none of these papers discussed the effects of the MHD convective heat transfer flow of kuvshinski

fluid past an infinite moving plate embedded in a porous medium with radiation temperature dependent heat

source and variable suction. Thus, the aim of the present paper is to investigate the MHD convective heat

transfer flow of kuvshinski fluid past an infinite moving plated embedded in a porous medium with radiation

temperature dependent heat source and variable suction.

II. Mathematical formulation Two dimensional unsteady flows of a laminar, conducting and heat generation / absorption fluid past a

semi-infinite vertical moving porous plate embedded in a uniform porous medium and subject to a uniform

magnetic field in the presence of a pressure gradient have been considered with free convection and thermal

radiation effects. According to the coordinate system the *x -axis is taken along the porous plate in the upward

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

DOI: 10.9790/5728-1203066685 www.iosrjournals.org 68 | Page

direction and *y -axis normal to it. The fluid is assumed to be gray, absorbing-emitting but non-scattering

medium. The radiative heat flux in the *x -direction is considered negligible in comparison with that in the

*y -

direction. It is assumed that there is no applied voltage of which implies the absence of an electric field. The

transversely applied magnetic field and magnetic Reynolds number are very small and hence the induced

magnetic field is negligible. Viscous and Darcy resistance terms are taken into account in the constant

permeability porous medium. The MHD term is derived from the order of magnitude analysis of the full Navier-

stokes equation. It is assumed here that the hole size of the porous plate is significantly larger than a

characteristics microscopic length scale of the porous medium. We regard the porous medium as an assemblage

of small identical spherical particles fixed in space. The fluid properties are assumed to be constant except that

the influence of density variation with temperature has been considered in the body-force term. Due to the

semi-infinite place surface assumption furthermore, the flow variable are function of *y and

*t only. The

governing equation for this investigation is based on the balance of linear momentum energy. Taking into

consideration the assumption made above, these equations can be written in Cartesian frame of reference, as

follows;

0*

*

y

v ---(1)

2 * *

1* *1oB u

K t

---(2) ** * 2 *

* * *0

* * *2 *

1( ) r

p p p

Q qT T Tv T T

t y C y C C y

---(3)

The boundary conditions at the wall and in the free stream are:

,**

puu **

)( **** tn

WTW eTTATT 0* yat ---(4)

),1( **

0

** tneUUu **

TT as *y ---(5)

Where TA is a constant taking value 0 or 1.

If plate is with Variable Wall Temperature (VWT) then 1TA

If plate is with Constant Wall Temperature (CWT) then 0TA

Where ** ,vu -velocity components in ,X Y directions respectively, g -Gravitational acceleration,

*t

-Time, -Kinematic coefficient of viscosity, -Electrical conductivity, -The viscosity, -Density of the

fluid, *

1 -the coefficient of Kuvshinski fluid, *T -Temperature of the fluid,

*

wT -The temperature at the plate ,

*T -The temperature of fluid in free stream, - Thermal conductivity, PC -Specific heat at constant pressure,

*

rq -Radiative heat flux, *K -Permeability parameter of the porous medium, 0U and

*n - constants. The

magnetic and viscous dissipations are neglected in the study. It is assumed that the porous plate moves with a

constant velocity, *

pu in the direction of fluid flow, and the free stream velocity *U follows the exponentially

increasing small perturbation law. In addition, it is assumed that the temperature and concentration at the wall as

well as the suction velocity are exponentially varying with time.

It is clear from equation (1) that the suction velocity at the plate surface is a function of time only. Assuming

that it takes the following exponential form:

**

0

* 1 tnAeVv ---(6)

Where A is a real positive constant, and A are small less than unity and 0V is a scale of suction

velocity which has non-zero positive constant

In the free steam, from equation (2) we get

* * * 2 ** * *

1 1* * * * * *21 1

u u p uv g

t t y t x y

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

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*

*

*2

0*

*

*

*

U

KUBg

x

p

dt

dU ---(7)

Eliminating *

*

x

P

between equation (2) and equation (7), we obtain

2*

*2

*

*

*

*

1*

**

*

*

*

*

1 11y

u

dt

dU

ty

uv

t

u

t

)(1)( **

*

*

1*

2

0 uUtK

Bg

---(8)

By making use the equation of state

* *( ) ( )T T ---(9)

Where β is the volumetric coefficient of thermal expansion and is the density of the fluid far away the

surface. Then from equation (9) and (8) we obtain

)(11 **

*

*2

*

*

*

*

1*

**

*

*

*

*

1 2

TTg

y

u

dt

dU

ty

uv

t

u

t

)(1 **

*

*

1*

2

0 uUtK

vB

---(10)

The radiation flux on the basis of the Rosseland diffusion model for radiation heat transfer is expressed as:

*

*

*

1

**

4

3

4

y

T

kqr

---(11)

Where * and

*

1k are respectively Stefan – Boltzmann constant and the mean absorption coefficient.

We assume that the temperature difference within the flow are sufficiently small such that 4*T may be

expressed as a linear function of the temperature. This is accomplished by expanding in Taylor series about *

T

and neglecting higher order terms, thus

434 **** 34 TTTT ---(12)

By using equation (12) and (13) into equation (3) is reduced to

3 4

2 2

* ** * 2 * 2 ** * *0

* * ** *1

16( )

3p p p

Q TT T T Tv T T

t y C C C ky y

---(13)

We now introduce the dimension less variables, as follows:

**

**

2

0

*2

0

*

0

*

0

*0

*

0

*

0

*

,,

,,,,

TT

TT

V

vnn

Vtt

UUuUUUVy

yV

vv

U

uu

w

pp

} ---(14)

Then substituting from equation (14) into equations (10) and (13) and taking into account equation (6), we

obtain

2

2

11 1)1(1y

u

dt

dU

ty

uAe

t

u

t

nt

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

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)(1 1 uUt

NGr

---(15)

2

2

3

41

1)1(

y

R

PyAe

t r

nt ---(16)

Where

0

2

0

** )(

UV

TTgG w

r

(Thermal Grashof number)

2

0

2

V

BM o

(Magnetic field parameter)

2

2

0

*

VKK (Permeability parameter)

pCV

KQ2

0

*

0

(Heat generation / absorption parameter)

*

1

3**4

kk

TR

k

CP

p

r

(Prandtl number)

2

0

*

11

V (Visco-elastic parameter)

KMN

1 ---(17)

The corresponding boundary conditions are

,pUu 1 nt

TT A e 0yat ---(18)

,1 nteUu 0 ,T yas ---(19)

Analytical Approximate Solution

In order to reduce the above system of partial differential equations to a system of ordinary equations in

dimensionless form, we may represent the velocity and temperature as

)()()( 2

10 Oyueyuu nt ---(20)

)()()( 2

10 Oyey nt ---(21)

By substituting the above equations (20),(21) into equations (15)&(16), equating the harmonic and non-

harmonic term and neglecting the higher – order terms of O ( )( 2 ,we obtain the following pairs of equations

for ),( 0ou and ),( 11 u

orooo GNNuuu ---(22)

111111 ))(1()1)(( ro GuAnNnunnNuu ---(23)

0Pr3Pr3)43( 0 ooR ---(24)

oAnR Pr3)(3Pr3)43( 111 ---(25)

Where, the primes denote differentiation with respect to y.

The corresponding boundary conditions are

,po Uu ,01 u ,10 TA1 0yat

---(26)

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DOI: 10.9790/5728-1203066685 www.iosrjournals.org 71 | Page

,1ou ,11 u 00 01 yas ---(27)

The analytical solutions of equations (22) to (25) with satisfying boundary conditions (26) and (27) are given

by ymyL

p ePePuu 00

110 1)1(

---(28)

ymymyLyLeReReRecu 1001

32111 1

---(29)

ym

o e 0 ---(30)

ymym

T ePePA 01

001 )(

---(31)

Where

Ra 430 110 PuA p

2

4 00

2

00

0

cabbm

10

2

0

01

ALL

BR

rPb 30 000 LAAB

2

4 10

2

00

1

aabbm

10

2

0

02

Amm

CR

rPc 30 0010 PGmAPC r

100

2

00

100

ambma

bmP

11

2

1

13

Amm

BR

na 31 11 1 nnNA

Nmm

GP r

0

2

0

1

rAPb 31

01 PAGB Tr

2

4110

NL

01 PCAT

01 PAC T

2

411 1

1

AL

In view of the above solution, the velocity and temperature distribution in the boundary layer become ymyL

p ePePutyu 00

11 1)1(),(

)1( 1001

3211

ymymyLyLnt eReReRece

---(32)

ymety 0),(

])[( 01

00

ymym

T

nt ePePAe

---(33)

It is now important to calculate the physical quantities of primary interest, which are the local wall

shear stress, the local surface heat flux. Given the velocity field in the boundary layer, we can now calculate the

local wall shear stress (i.e., skin-friction) is given by

0*

**

yw

y

u ---(34)

And in dimensionless form, we obtain

0

*

yoo

wf

y

u

VUC

= 0 1 1 0( 1)PL u P Pm

1 1 1 0 2 0 3 1( )nte C L R L R m R m ---(35)

Similarly we calculate the heat transfer coefficient in terms of Nusselt number, as follows

0y

uy

N

])([ 00010 PmPAmem T

nt ---(36)

III. Results and Discussions In order to get physical insight into the problem , the velocity and temperature fields have been

discussed by assigning numerical values of Thermal radiation parameter R ,Prandtlnumbe rP, Thermal Grashof

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

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number rG,Permeability parameter K , Magnetic field parameter M , Visco-elastic parameter 1 , heat

generation / absorption and pU in two cases.

Case i):- The plate with variable wall temperature (VWT),i.e 1TA

Fig. 1 illustrates the behavior of the velocity for different values of R . It seen that the velocity

increases with the increasing R . Fig.2 presents the variation of velocity component for various values of rP .

The result shows that the effect increasing values rP in a decreasing velocity. The velocity profile against y

for different values of rG described in fig.3 it is observed that an increase in rG leads to a rise the velocity.

Fig 1: Velocity profile against y for different values of R at 0.1TA

;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 2: Velocity profile against y for different values of R at 0.1TA

;0.1R 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 3: Velocity profile against y for different values of Gr at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

The effect of the K on the velocity profile has been shown in Fig. 4. It is observed that the velocity

increases as K increases. Fig. 5 shows that the velocity profiles for different values of M . It is noticed that

velocity decreases with the increase of M . Fig.6 illustrates the variation of velocity distribution across the

boundary layer for several values of plate moving velocity in the direction of fluid flow. The velocity increases

with the increase of pU . From Fig.7 it is observed that velocity profile increases with increasing 1 . It is

observed from Fig. 8 that the velocity increases it increasing the .

Fig 4: Velocity profile against y for different values of K at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 5: Velocity profile against y for different values of M at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 6: Velocity profile against y for different values of Up at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 7: Velocity profile against y for different values of 1 at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

1.0;Up ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 8: Velocity profile against y for different values of at 0.1TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

1.0;Up 1 0.01; ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

The effect of R on temperature profiles are shown in Fig.9. It is observed that the temperature

increases with the increase of R . Fig.10 shows the effects of rP on temperature profile. It is noticed that

temperature decreases with the increase in rP . It is observed in Fig. no.11 that temperature increases with

increasing .

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Fig 9: Temperature profile against y for different values of R at 1TA

;71.0Pr 0.1A ;01.0 ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

Fig 10: Temperature profile against y for different values of Pr at 1TA

;0.1R 0.1A ;01.0 ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

Fig 11: Temperature profile against y for different values of at 1TA

;71.0Pr ;0.1R 0.1A ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

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Case ii):- Plate is with Constant wall temperature (CWT),i.e., 0TA

The velocity profile against y for different values of R described in fig. 12. It is observed that an

increase in R leads to a rise the velocity. Fig.13 shows the effects of rP on velocity profile. It is noticed that

velocity decreases with the increase in rP .The effect of the rG on the velocity profile has been shown in Fig.

14. It is observed that the velocity increases with increasing the rG .

Fig 12: Velocity profile against y for different values of R at 0TA

;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 13: Velocity profile against y for different values of Pr at 0TA

;0.1R 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 14: Velocity profile against y for different values of Gr at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.1K 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

The effect of K on velocity profiles are shown in Fig.15. It is observed that the velocity increases

with the increase of K .Fig.16 shows that the velocity profile decreases with increasing M . Fig.17 illustrates the

variation of velocity distribution across the boundary layer for several values of plate moving velocity in the

direction of fluid flow. The velocity increases with the increase of pU . Fig.18 shows that the velocity increases

with increase on 1 Fig.19 illustrate that the velocity increases with increase on

Fig 15: Velocity profile against y for different values of K at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr 0.1M

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 16: Velocity profile against y for different values of M at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K

;0.1Up ;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 17: Velocity profile against y for different values of Up at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

;01.01 ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

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Fig 18: Velocity profile against y for different values of 1 at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

1.0;Up ;01.0 ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig 19: Velocity profile against y for different values of at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;0.5Gr ;0.1K 0.1M

1.0;Up 1 0.01; ;02.0 ;2.0n 0.1t

Fig.20 presents the variation of temperature component for various values of R . The result shows that

the effect of increasing values R results in an increasing temperature. Fig. 21 illustrates the behavior of the

temperature for different values of rP . It is seen that the temperature decreases with the increasing rP .Fig.22

shows that the temperature increases with increase on .

Mhd Convective Heat Transfer Flow Of Kuvshinski Fluid Past An Infinite Moving Plate Embedded ..

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Fig 20: Temperature profile against y for different values of R at 0TA

;0.1R ;71.0Pr 0.1A ;01.0 ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

Fig 21: Temperature profile against y for different values of Pr at 0TA

;0.1R 0.1A ;01.0 ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

Fig 22: Temperature profile against y for different values of at 0TA

;71.0Pr ;0.1R 0.1A ;02.0 ;1.0n 0.1t

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From table 1&2 it is noticed that an increases in 1, ,rP increases the co-efficient of skin-friction in both cases

1TA and 0TA . We also observed that ,R ,rG ,K M and Up increases the co-efficient of skin-friction

decreases in both cases 1TA and 0TA .

Table 3&4 shows that an increase in Pr decreases the rate of heat transfer Nu in both cases

1TA and 0TA . And we noticed that an increase in ,R increases the rate of heat transfer in both cases

1TA and 0TA .

Table 1: Co-efficient of skin-friction at variable wall temperature (VWT),i.e 1TA

R Pr Gr K M Up 1

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.7200

5.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8209

10.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.0494

15.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.3835

1.0 0.8 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.5850

1.0 0.9 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.4584

1.0 1.0 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.3512

1.0 0.71 7.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.3879

1.0 0.71 9.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -3.0557

1.0 0.71 12.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -4.0579

1.0 0.71 5.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8181

1.0 0.71 5.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8570

1.0 0.71 5.0 4.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8779

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.5773

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 3.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.4752

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 4.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.3966

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.01 0.01 -1.3168

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0. 1.0 1.4 0.01 0.01 -0.9137

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.6 0.01 0.01 -0.5105

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 -1.7225

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 0.01 -1.7270

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 5.0 0.01 -1.7311

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.03 -1.8142

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.06 -2.0479

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.08 -2.4876

Table 2: Co-efficient of skin-frictionatat constant wall temperature (CWT),i.e 0TA

R Pr Gr K M Up 1

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.6922

5.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8002

10.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.0325

15.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.3687

1.0 0.8 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.5584

1.0 0.9 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.4331

1.0 1.0 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.3271

1.0 0.71 7.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -2.3489

1.0 0.71 9.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -3.0057

1.0 0.71 12.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -3.9907

1.0 0.71 5.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.7892

1.0 0.71 5.0 3.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8277

1.0 0.71 5.0 4.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.8484

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 2.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.5513

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 3.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.4504

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 4.0 1.0 0.01 0.01 -1.3730

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.01 0.01 -1.2891

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0. 1.0 1.4 0.01 0.01 -0.8859

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.6 0.01 0.01 -0.4827

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 -1.6955

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 0.01 -1.7014

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 5.0 0.01 -1.7066

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.03 -1.7850

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.06 -2.0185

1.0 0.71 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.01 0.08 -2.4574

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Table 3:Nusselt Number at variable wall temperature (VWT),i.e 1TA

R Pr Nu

1.0 0.71 0.01 -2.1166

5.0 0.71 0.01 -1.9489

10.0 0.71 0.01 -1.6324

15.0 0.71 0.01 -1.1802

1.0 0.8 0.01 -2.3920

1.0 0.9 0.01 -2.6980

1.0 1.0 0.01 -3.0041

1.0 0.71 0.03 -1.9497

1.0 0.71 0.05 -1.7405

1.0 0.71 0.07 -1.4122

Table 4: Nusselt Number at constant wall temperature (CWT),i.e 0TA

R Pr Nu

1.0 0.71 0.01 -2.0546

5.0 0.71 0.01 -1.8655

10.0 0.71 0.01 -1.5300

15.0 0.71 0.01 -1.0625

1.0 0.8 0.01 -2.3251

1.0 0.9 0.01 -2.6256

1.0 1.0 0.01 -2.9260

1.0 0.71 0.03 -1.8905

1.0 0.71 0.05 -1.6843

1.0 0.71 0.07 -1.3593

IV. Conclusion

We have discussed the effects of the MHD convective heat transfer flow of Kuvshinski fluid past an

infinite moving plate embedded in a porous medium with radiation temperature dependent heat source and

variable suction. Thus, the aim of the present paper is to investigate the MHD convective heat transfer flow on

Kuvshinski fluid past an infinite moving plate embedded in a porous medium with temperature dependent heat

source and variable suction. The following are the concluding remarks.

a. When the plate is maintained at variable temperature, the velocity is observed to increases with the increasing

values of 1, , , , ,Gr k Up R where as it has reverser effect in the case of rP and M . Temperature boundary

layer increased with the increase in ,R but decrease for increasing values of Pr .

b. When the plate is maintained at constant wall temperature, the velocity is observed to increase with the

increasing values of 1, , , , ,Gr k Up R where as it has reverser effect in the case of rP and M . Temperature

boundary layer increased with the increase in ,R but decrease for increasing values of Pr .

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