Mercenary Weapons -

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  • 7/30/2019 Mercenary Weapons - Africa.doc


    Mercenary Weapons

    Assault Rifle:AKM(RPK and RPD)FN FAL

    Machine Gun:PKM

    FN MAG

    Grenade LauncherRPG-7M79

    Sniper Rifle:FR F2Sako TRG 42

    Heavy Machine Gun:NSVAGS-17

    Mortar:82-PM-41Type 55 (120-PM-43 manufactured in PRC)

    Recoilless Rifle/Anti-tank weapon:M40 Recoilless Rifle (106mm)

    Explosives:RGO (fragmentation anti-personal grenade)MON-50 (Claymore copy; killing radius 50m)OZM (tripwire-or pressure-detonated anti-personal landmine) (200 000 available in Belarus)TM-62 (anti-tank mine)

  • 7/30/2019 Mercenary Weapons - Africa.doc




    Calibre: 7.62x39mm M43Weight: 3.1 kg (6.83 lb)Length: 880 mm (34.6 in)Barrel Length: 415 mm (16.3 in)Muzzle Velocity: 715 m/s (2,346 ft/s)Action: Gas operated, rotating boltFeed: 30-round box magazine, compatible with 40 round box and 75 round drum RPK magazines

    Sight: Rear sight notch on sliding tangent, front post378 mm (14.9 in) sight radiusModes of Fire: Single shot, full autoCyclic Rate of Fire: 600 rpmEffective Range: 1001,000 m sight adjustments

    The AKM (Russian: ;Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovanniyor "automatic rifle Kalashnikov modernized") is a 7.62 mm assault rifle designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov. It isan upgraded version of the AK-47 rifle and was developed in the 1950s.

    Compared to the AK-47, the AKM features enhancements that optimized the rifle for mass production, someparts and assemblies were also conceived using simplified manufacturing methods. As a result of thesemodifications, the AKMs weight was reduced by approx. 1 kg, the accuracy was increased and several

    reliability issues were addressed.

    The AKMs receiver, compared to the AK-47, has a stamped sheet metal housing to which a rear stock trunnionand forward barrel trunnion are fastened using rivets. The receiver housing also features a rigid tubular cross-section support that adds structural strength. Guide rails that assist the bolt carriers movement which alsoincludes the ejector are installed inside the receiver through spot welding.

    The forward barrel trunnion has a non-threaded socket where the barrel is embedded and a hole for a pin thatsecures the barrel in place. On some models the rear trunnion has two extended mounting arms on both sides thatsupport thebuttstock, other fixed models use a stepped shaped trunnion that covers the full width of the inside ofthe receiver.

    The stamped dust cover contains both longitudinal and latitudinal reinforcing ribs for increased durability and

    decrease weight because of the use of thinner sheet metal

    The AKMs barrel is installed in the forward trunnion and pinned (as opposed to the AK-47, which has a onepiece receiver with trunnions that are not removable and a barrel that is screwed-in). Additionally the barrel hashorizontal guide slots that help align and secure the handguards in place. To increase the weapons accuracyduring rapid fire, the AKM was fitted with a slant cut muzzle brake that helps redirect expanding propellantgases upward and to the left during firing. The muzzle brake is threaded on to the end of the barrel. The AKM'sslant brake can also be used on the AK-47.

    The AKM comes supplied with a different accessory kit that contains a M1959 6H4 or 6H3-type bayonet (thatforms a wire-cutting device when coupled with its scabbard) and comes with synthetic or alloy magazines. Thekit also comes with a punch used to drive out various pins and a device that aids in assembling the rate retardingmechanism. The AKM uses the same ammunition as the AK-47: the 7.62x39mm M43 intermediate rifle

    cartridge. The arrangement of mechanisms and parts in the AKM and their interaction during loading and firingis practically identical to AK-47, the only difference being the trigger assembly (during the return stage of the

    bolt carrier on fully automatic mode) as a result of incorporating the rate reducer device.
  • 7/30/2019 Mercenary Weapons - Africa.doc




    Calibre: 7.62x39mm M43Weight: 6.6 kg (14.55 lb)Length: 1,037 mm (40.8 in)Barrel Length: 520 mm (20.5 in)Muzzle Velocity: 735 m/s (2,411 ft/s)Action: Gas-operated

    Feed: Non-disintegrating 100-round segmented belt stored in a drum containerSight: Open-type sights with rear sliding notch and semi-hooded front post, 596.6 mm (23.5 in) sight radiusModes of Fire: Full autoCyclic Rate of Fire: 650 rounds/minEffective Range: 1001,000 m sight adjustments

    Work on the weapon began in 1943, participating in the design process were: Vasily Degtyaryov, SergeiSimonov and Alexei Sudayev. Among the completed prototypes prepared for evaluation, the Degtyarov design

    proved superior and was accepted into service with the Soviet armed forces as the 7,62 mm ,P(RPD,Ruchnoy Pulemyot Degtyaryova or "Degtyaryov light machine gun") model 1944.Although the RPD was ready for mass production during the final stages ofWorld War II, large scale delivery ofthe weapon did not begin until 1953. After the introduction of the Kalashnikov-pattern support weapons such asthe RPKand PK machine guns in the 1960s, the RPD was withdrawn from most first tier units of the former

    Warsaw Pact nations.

    The RPD is an automatic weapon using a gas actuated piston system (long piston stroke) and a locking systemanalogous to other Degtyaryov designs, consisting of hinged flaps set in recesses on each side of the receiver,which are controlled by inclined surfaces on the bolt carrier assembly. The weapon fires from an open bolt. TheRPD is striker fired (the bolt carrier acts as the striker) and features a trigger mechanism that is limited to fullyautomatic fire only. The bolt is equipped with a spring-loaded extraction system, while a fixed insert in thereceiver housing serves as the ejector. Spent cartridge casings are ejected downward through a chute in the boltcarrier and receiver. The RPD has a manually operated lever-type safety mechanism that secures the weaponfrom accidentally firing by blocking the bolt catch when engaged.

    The machine gun feeds from the left-hand side from a segmented, open-link metal belt (each segment holds 50-rounds). Two combined belts (linked by cartridge), containing a sum total of 100 rounds are stored in a metal

    container resembling a drum, attached to the base of the receiver. The feed system is operated by a rollerconnected to the reciprocating bolt carrier assembly and the belt is moved during rearward motion of the boltcarrier.

    The weapon is equipped with a non-removable barrel with a 3-position gas adjustment valve, a folding bipod,wooden shoulder stock and foregrip, pistol grip and open-type, mechanically adjustable iron sights. The sightsare composed of a front post (adjustable in both windage and elevation) and a notched rear sight mounted on atangent with a sliding elevation adjustment knob and marked with range indicators from 100 to 1000 m(graduated every 100 m). Certain machine guns were fitted with a side rail (fixed to the left side of the receiver),used to mount the NSP-2 night sight.

    The firearm consists of the following major groups and components: the receiver and barrel, bolt, bolt carrier,feed tray and feed cover, the return mechanism and the trigger group and stock. Standard accessories suppliedwith the weapon include: ammunition containers, extra belts, a cleaning rod (attached to the left side of there

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